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The “Red Planet” Учитель английского языка Екатерина Алексеевна Соболева
Mars is the fourth planet in the Solar system. Though it’s one of the smallest planets in our system it’s one of the most interesting places.
Probably the planet was named after the Roman god of war. This god was usually painted dressed in red. And Mars is red due to a mineral called iron oxide that is very common on the planet’s surface. And that is one more name of the planet – the “Red planet”. Many centuries ago people called it “Bloody planet”. Even the sky of the planet is not blue but pink because of the parts of red dust.
Mars is not very far from the Sun. It’s about 206 – 250 million km (it is not much farther from the Sun than Earth). That’s why the length of the year there is 687 days.
The atmosphere of the planet is not suitable for breathing by people but is fine for plants to grow. It consists of carbon dioxide mainly (about 95%). It has no protection layer that’s why the temperature there is rather low (-87 in winter and -5 in summer). The weather on Mars is not very pleasant – strong winds often blow on the planet for several months without pauses. Dust storms are also typical for Mars.
Mars is rather small. In fact it’s the seventh planet in size in the Solar system. Mars is almost twice smaller than Earth and its weight is only about 11% of the weight of the Earth.
Mars has two tiny moons Phobos and Deimos. They are not round and look like huge asteroids. They are called after the characters who accompanied their father Mars (Ares), god of war, into battle. Their names mean fear and terror.
In the late 19th century it was popular to think that Mars populated by intelligent Martians. Pseudo-scientific speculations about the Face on Mars and other enigmatic landmarks spotted by space probes have meant that ancient civilizations continue to be a popular theme in science fiction, especially in film.
The Face on Mars
Are you sure it’s an asteroid crater?
Mars is covered by craters from asteroids and meteorites hitting the planet. There are 43000 o craters with the diameter of 5 km or greater (the atmosphere of Mars provides protection against small meteors).
There are lots of magnificent landmarks on Mars such as the shield volcano, Olympus Mons (Mount Olympus). It’s 27 km high - the highest known mountain in the Solar System. It is an extinct volcano in the vast upland region Tharsis, which contains several other large volcanoes. Olympus Mons is over three times the height of mount Everest.
The large canyon, Valles Marineris, has a length of 4,000 km and a depth of up to 7 km. The length of Valles Marineris is equivalent to the length of Europe (the Grand Canyon on Earth is only 446 km long and nearly 2 km deep).
Mars is really wonderful and amazing.
And it has lots of secrets.
Perhaps one day we will be able to answer all its questions.
I used the materials from: http://wikipedia.org/wiki/Mars http://www.planetsforkids.org/ http://kids.nineplanets.org/ www.nasa.gov www.museum4kids.net www.cosmosblog.ru
Презентация по английскому языку "The Red Planet" для учащихся средних классов. Презентация содержит интересную и познавательную информацию о "Красной планете" Марсе. Презентация может быть использована при изучении темы о научных достижениях или открытиях, путешествиях, или в качестве дополнительного материала для работы над проектами. Презентация яркая, красочная, содержит интересные фотографии, будет интересна для учащихся 6-8 классов. После просмотра презентации и ее обсуждения можно предложить учащимся сделать свои презентации о других планетах солнечной системы индивидуально или в группах.
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