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A Christmas carol is a song whose lyrics are on the theme of Christmas, or the winter season in general. Christmas carols are based on Christian lyrics and relate, in the main, to the Nativity.
The word carol is a derivative of the French word “caroller”, the interpretation of which means dancing around in a circle. Carol and carols, eventually came to mean not only to dance but included music and lyrics - hence modern Christmas Carols.
Carols suffered a decline in popularity after the Reformation in the countries where Protestant churches gained prominence, but survived in rural communities until the revival of interest in carols in the 19th century. The first appearance in print of "God Rest Ye Merry, Gentlemen", "The First Noel", "I Saw Three Ships" and "Hark the Herald Angels Sing" was in Christmas Carols Ancient and Modern (1833) by William B. Sandys. Composers like Arthur Sullivan helped to repopularize the carol, and it is this period that gave rise to such favorites as "Good King Wenceslas" and "It Came Upon the Midnight Clear", a New England carol written by Edmund H. Sears and Richard S. Willis.
As religious observances in the United States and England were closely linked the popularity of Christmas carols grew in both countries in the 19th century. Many Christmas traditions are relatively recent such as Santa Claus and reindeer and bear no relation to Christmas carols. Today Christmas songs are also fast becoming a tradition.
Today carols are regularly sung at Christian religious services. Some compositions have words which are clearly not of a religious theme, but are often still referred to as "carols".
It is often difficult to draw a distinction between a Christmas carol and a Christmas song. To be sung by a church choir or sung in the street by amateurs, a song would have to have a fairly rapid, regular beat, which would therefore exclude a meandering crooning song such as "White Christmas". A country music song such as "Blue Christmas" might qualify, but in this case it would have to be adopted by many choirs, over many years to be truly "vernacular", and so far it has failed to gain wide acceptance
Traditionally, carols have often been based on medieval chord patterns, and it is this that gives them their uniquely characteristic musical sound. Some carols like "Personent hodie" and "Angels from the Realms of Glory" can be traced directly back to the Middle Ages, and are among the oldest musical compositions still regularly sung.
Though many Christmas carols were written prior to the 20th century, several modern compositions have been written in more recent times. Many of the carols written by Alfred Burt are sung regularly in both sacred and secular settings, and are among the more well-known modern Christmas carols.
Материал собран из различных источников и может быть использован как в процессе урочной, так и во внеурочной деятельности, связанной со страноведческой тематикой.Направлен на повышение мотивации к изучению языка через традиции народа -носителя изучаемого языка.
Презентация включает в себя иллюстративный и текстовый материал, касающийся одной из традиций связанных с католическим Рождеством. В презентации присутствует историческая справка, связанная с возникновением праздничной традиции и её современное проявление.
Материал носит открытый характер, может быть дополнен, сокращен или трансформирован в зависимости от целей и задач, стоящих перед преподавателем.
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