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The system of education “Education is not preparation for life, education is life itself”
V O C A B U L A R Y Compulsory – міндетті Free – тегін Infant – мектепалды Nursery – балабақша Primary – бастауыш Secondary - орта Private – жекеменшік Public - қоғамдық Public school – қоғамдық мектеп State school – мемлекеттік мектеп Boarding school – мектеп-интернат All-boys school – ұлдарға арналған мектеп
P R I M A R Y E D U C A T I O N All children start primary school by the age of 5. Primary education lasts for six years. They attend the infant school from 5 to 7 and then junior school until they are 11. Some parents pay for their children to attend a private school but all children have the right to go to a state school which is free. Private schools are called public schools. Most of them are boarding schools. More than 90% of British children attend state schools. In English schools pupils have to address men teachers “Sir” and women teachers “Miss” or “Mrs”.
The most famous public schools in Britain are Eton, Harrow, Winchester. A year at Eton costs 17,000 pounds. It is very old, and a lot of important people used to be students there. It is an all-boys school. Prince William, the Queen’s grandson, went to Eton too.
The American system of school education differs from the systems in other countries. There are state public schools, private elementary schools and private secondary schools. Public schools are free and private schools are fee-paying.
Elementary education begins at the age of six or seven, when a child goes to the first grade (form). At the age of sixteen schoolchildren leave the elementary school and may continue their education at one of the secondary schools or high schools, as they call them. The programme of studies in the elementary school includes English, Arithmetic, Geography, History of the USA, Natural sciences and, besides, Physical Training, Singing, Drawing, wood or metal work, etc. Sometimes they learn a foreign language and general history.
The elementary schools tend to be small. The high schools are generally larger and accommodate pupils from four or five elementary schools. A small town generally has several elementary schools and one high school. In some rural communities the one-room country school house still exists. Here may be found from five to twenty-five pupils in grades one through eight, all taught by the same teacher.
M A R K S E N G L I S H R U S S I A N А*(star) Excellent - A Very good 5 B Good 4 C Satisfactory 3 D Poor 2 E Very poor 1 F Awful -
SCHOOL RULES EVERY BRITISH SCHOOL HAS ITS RULES, FOR EXAMPLE: Be polite Say hello when you see a teacher Come to school on time Stand up when a teacher comes into the class Wear your school uniform Don’t eat or drink in the classroom Don’t run in the corridors Don’t bring mobile phones to class Don’t talk to people in lessons
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