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R U S S I A Russia is the largest country in the world. It covers 1/7 of all of the land of our planet. Russia has the longest borders in the world, it is washed by 22 seas and has 12 in-land seas. The Urals are the oldest mountains in the world and lake Baikal is the world's deepest lake.
The Russian Flag The Russian Flag first appeared in 1668. It was the symbol of Russia for more than 300 years. It appeared as a modern flag in 1991. The flag has 3 stripes on it. The colours of the flag are symbolic. WHITE is faithful and sincere BLUE is honest and loyal RED is brave
The Double-Headed Eagle The double-headed eagle is an emblem of Russia. Above the heads there are 3 crowns. The eagle carries a sceptre, the sign of state power, and an orb, the sign of unity. You can see St George on the breast of the eagle. It’s the oldest Russian symbol of love for the Motherland.
MATCH the TWO COLUMNS WHITE BLUE RED SCEPTRE ORB BRAVE HONEST STATE POWER UNITY FAITHFUL
M O S C O W It’s an old city. Prince Yuri Dolgoruki founded it in 1147. In the 12th century he was Prince of Vladimir and Suzdal and Kiev too. In those days, Kiev was a capital of a country-Kievan Rus. Kiev was in the south and Vladimir was in the north, so it was difficult to live and rule in both towns.
One day, when prince Yuri was going to Vladimir, he saw a large cloud, turned into an animal with 3 heads. “It’s a sign!”said he. “This is the place for a great city.” Not far from that place there was a village on the bank of the Moskva River The ruler of the place was boyarin Stepan Kuchko. He didn’t open the gates and a fight began. Prince Yuri and his men won the battle. And he said:”I will build it here and call it Moskva.”
RED SQUARE It is the heart of Moscow. It got its name in the 17th century. In old Russian the word RED means BEAUTIFUL. The Spasskaya Tower is the tallest of the Kremlin towers. It is 67.3 metres high. The tower is famous for its clock, the Kremlin clock, made in the 16th century. The minute hand is 3.38 metres long.
You can also visit the State History Museum here. There’s St Basil Cathedral. There’s a monument to citizen Minin and Prince Pozharsky. They were heroes in the war against Poland in 1612. It was the first monument built in Moscow.
PETER the GREAT Peter I, or Peter the Great, was born in Moscow in 1672. He was tsar of Russia for 43 years. He was the 1st Russian Emperor. People remember Peter I for his victories in wars and the great changes he made to his country.
Peter I made history in many ways He was the 1st Russian ruler to travel in Europe. He went to Holland and saw new ways of making ships. He made the rich people in Russia go to school and work for their country. Russia improved a lot and began to trade with other countries. At the beginning of the 18th century, Peter I joined the Great Northern War in Europe. He wanted to give Russia what he called “a window into Europe”. When he lost the Battle of Narva against Charles XII of Sweden, Peter I made his army stronger and won the Battle of Poltava.
Q U I Z ??? True or FALSE Peter I was tsar for more than 40 years____ Peter I was the first Russian tsar to visit Europe ______ Peter I won the battle of Narva _______ Peter I made the poor people go to school __ Peter I made big changes in Russia _____
Volgograd It stretches for 90 km along the banks of the Volga. It has an interesting story- 1589-Tsaritsyn was founded. It has its name from a small river called Tsari tsyn. 1925-It takes the new name of Stalingrad, in honour of Stalin.
1942-1943-during the battle the fighting destroys most of the city 1961-The Russian people name the city Volgograd, after the river Volga. 1967-the Mamayev Kurgan museum complex opens to remind of those who died during the war. The main monument there is the statue of Motherland. It’s 52 metres high.
Make the phrases about Volgograd: Its first name is… It stretches … Its second name is… During the war it … The Mamayev Kurgan is… The Statue of Motherland is… …was destroyed. …the main monument. …is a museum in the open air. …Tsaritsyn. …Stalingrad. …for 90 km along the Volga.
The History of Matryoshka Doll The Matryoshka Doll came to Russia from Japan at the end of the 19th century. The 1st Matryoshka was a girl in a print dress, a white apron and a bright shawl. There were six other dolls inside her. The doll looked very Russian and soon became popular. The name Matryoshka came from the common Russian name Matryona.
Connect the facts: MATRYOSHKA 19th CENTURY JAPAN SIX DOLLS POPULAR MATRYONA
Sit down to TEA Tea was introduced to Russia in 1640 when the Russian ambassador boyarin Vasily Starkov returned from the Mongol horde and brought a gift of 200 tea packages, 500 grammes each, to tsar Mikhail Romanov. It was praised for its ability to refresh and purify the blood. The tsar liked this exotic drink and said: “More!” People in the west call tea served with lemon Russian Tea.
FUN TIME Novosibirsk is in the center of Russia. It’s called the Snow Kingdom because it snows very often. Real winter starts in December. People prepare snow sites for the New Year’s celebrations. They make ice sculptures and snow mazes . They also decorate the places with lights. Everybody enjoys beautiful sculptures made of ice and snow.
С И Н К В Е Й Н 1. a noun (1 существительное) 2. two adjectives (2 прилагательных) 3. three verbs (3 глагола) 4. a sentence (1 предложение) 5. a noun (1 существительное-ассоциация) 1. Peter I 2. GREAT, RUSSIAN 3. made history, travelled, built a city 4. He was the 1st Russian Emperor 5. TSAR
Презентация "Welcome to Russia!" разработана для учащихся 5 классов, содержит краткую информацию о нашей стране (географическое положение России, символика, исторические факты), столице (история основания Москвы), других городах (Санкт-Петербург, Волгоград, Новосибирск), известных личностях (Юрий Долгорукий, Пётр I и др.)
Учащимся будут раскрыты секреты появления игрушки-матрёшки и зарождения традиции чаепития.
В процессе демонстрации презентации и знакомства с её содержанием, учащимся предлагается выполнить разнообразные задания, целями и задачами которых являются автоматизация полученных знаний страноведческого характера, формирование критического мышления, развитие коммуникативных навыков и умений, памяти, внимания учащихся.
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