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Australia is the sixth largest country in the world. Australia is an island, surrounded by water. It is located on the smallest continent in the world. Population: 17.5 million Geographic size: 2.97 million square miles Capital: Canberra Major cities and population: Brisbane, Sydney, Perth, Melbourne, and Adelaide.
The United States of America - a country in North America. Divides the third largest in the territory of China (9,518,900 km ², 9,522,057 km ²) and ranks third in population. Capital - Washington, DC. By the Pacific Ocean to the west and the Atlantic Ocean - from the east. Administratively, the country is divided into 50 states and the District of Columbia.
The geography of Australia encompasses a wide variety of biogeographic regions being the world's smallest continent but the sixth-largest country in the world. The population of Australia is concentrated along the eastern and southeastern coasts. The geography of Australia
The United States is the central part of the North American continent. They border on the north by Canada and Mexico to the south. They are washed by the Atlantic Ocean in the east, the Pacific Ocean to the west and the Gulf of Mexico to the south. The country area is about 9400000 km2. Its population is about 256 million people. The geography of USA
The flag of Australia is a defaced Blue Ensign: a blue field with the Union Flag in the canton (upper hoist quarter), and a large white seven-pointed star known as the Commonwealth Star in the lower hoist quarter. The fly contains a representation of the Southern Cross constellation, made up of five white stars – one small five-pointed star and four, larger, seven-pointed stars. The flag of Australia
The national flag of the United States is of a rectangular panel with seven red and six white horizontal stripes of equal alternate. In Kryzhov dark blue - 50 five-pointed white stars. 13 stripes symbolize the 13 colonies, which formed an independent state. The number of stars in the blue states Kryzhov corresponds to the number (currently there are 50). The red color symbolizes the endurance and courage, dark blue - hard work, justice, vigilance, white - innocence and purity. The national flag of the United States
The coat of arms of Australia (formally known as Commonwealth Coat of Arms) is the official symbol of Australia. The initial coat of arms was granted by King Edward VII on 7 May 1908, and the current version was granted by King George V on 19 September 1912, although the 1908 version continued to be used in some contexts, notably appearing on the sixpenny coin until 1966. Official symbol of Australia
U.S. Great Seal (born Great Seal of the United States) - used to confirm the authenticity of documents issued by the Government of the United States of America. U.S. Secretary of State is the official keeper of the Great Seal. See the Great Seal can be in the exhibition hall of the State Department in Washington. Front side printing is often called the emblem of the United States. U.S. Great Seal
Climate The climate of Australia is under significant influence of ocean currents, including the Indian Ocean dipole (English), Russian. and El Niño, which creates periodic drought (English), Russian. And the seasonal tropical low pressure.In most parts of south-east (including Tasmania), the climate is temperate of Australia
Climate Most of the USA (just north of 40 degrees c. M.) Is located in the temperate zone, the south dominated by a subtropical climate, Hawaii and southern Florida are in the tropics and the north of Alaska belongs to the polar regions. of the USA
As of July 1, 2007, Australia's population was 20,001,546 people. In 1901 the Australian colonies united in a federation. Consolidation of the Australian nation has accelerated in the first decades of the XX century, when finally matured a national economy of Australia. Population (95%) - are Europeans (mostly immigrants from England and Ireland), immigrants from the Middle East account for 4% of the Australian Aborigines - 1.5%. Australia's population
In 1915 the U.S. population of 100 million people. In 1967 the U.S. broke the barrier of 200 million people. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, October 17, 2006 at 7.46 eastern time in the country was born 300 millionth resident. 308 745 000 538 lived in the U.S. according to the general population census in April 2010. This is 9.7% more than during the previous census held in 2000 U.S. Population
Official language: English with a local accent. Religion: 26% of believers are Catholics and adherents of the Church of England, 20% - Protestants, the remaining 4% - Orthodox, Jews, Muslims, Buddhists. Largest cities: Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth. Australia language
U.S. language The most common U.S. language - English. It is owned 215 400 000 people from more than 300 million living in the United States. English has no official status in the state throughout the United States.
National cuisine Not long ago, one could say that the Australian cuisine is no different from English, but in recent years it has changed: an essential attribute of steel its various seafood dishes. In Australia, as represented by the French, Indian, Chinese, Greek, Japanese cuisine. The list does not stop there - the choice is very rich. National Australia cuisine
National American cuisine National American cuisine is high in calories and ease of preparation. The most popular dishes of American cuisine include: pumpkin soup, pork ribs, stuffed turkey, a variety of steaks and burgers. America is home to fast food (burgers, sandwiches, fries, etc.), and the United States rank first in diversity eateries offering similar cuisine: McDonald's, Burger King, KFC and many others.
Animals Australia The fauna of Australia includes about 200 thousand species of animals, among them a great number of unique animals. 83% of mammals, reptiles, 89%, 90% of the fish, and insects and 93% of amphibians are native to Australia and totally unique to the rest of the world.
Animals United States are very diverse, there are also many predators. In the Cordillera usual brown grizzly bear - the largest predator, wolves, bobcats, badgers and foxes. Found puma, a native of neotropical region. Southwest United States is rich in reptiles - lizards, snakes, scorpions, poisonous spiders tarantulas. In the neotropical region of Central America there are pumas, jaguars and ocelots. A lot of monkeys, anteaters, porcupines. Animals United States
Australia - State of the Commonwealth (English Commonwealth realm), in which supporters of the republican form of government has the strongest position. The basic law of the state constitution is approved by Queen Victoria in 1900. Constitutional power also have other legal acts Fundamentals of state and legal system
Executive The head of the executive branch of government in Australia is the prime minister, at present - Julia Gillard. The formal head of state, Queen of the Commonwealth is Queen Elizabeth II. According to the constitution of Australia despite the fact that Elizabeth II is queen rolled into one of Australia and the UK, its power and influence is quite different in the two countries
Legislature Australia has a bicameral Federal Parliament consists of Senate (Upper Chamber) of 76 senators and House of Representatives (lower house) of 150 deputies. In Parliament also includes the Queen of Great Britain (represented by the Governor-General). In the Senate, each of the six states represented by 12 senators and each territory - two. Elections are held in the Senate on party lists. Senators are elected for six years. Every three years the election for half the Senate.
The political system In the United States Constitution, adopted in 1787, certain powers for the federal government transferred to the U.S. Government. Public authorities are not certain to pass under the jurisdiction of the federal government by the Constitution, made U.S. states. The highest legislative body - the bicameral United States Congress: the lower house - the House of Representatives; the upper chamber - the Senate. The highest executive body - President of the United States. President - the head of state, chief of the armed forces (see list of U.S. presidents). There is a vice president. The main political parties - Republican and Democratic. There are also many other smaller parties.
U.S. Congress (English United States Congress) - the legislature, one of the three highest federal authorities the United States. Powers are defined by the Constitution of the United States. Congress is bicameral, consisting of the Senate and House of Representatives. Meets at the Capitol in Washington. U.S. Congress
U.S. House of Representatives (English The United States House of Representatives) - the lower house of U.S. Congress. It presents each state in proportion to population. The number of permanent seats in the House and is 435, although Congress has the right to change the number of seats. U.S. House of Representatives
U.S. Senate (born the United States Senate) - one of the two chambers of the U.S. Congress, called the upper house. The Senate consists of 100 members, two from each state, elected for six years. Originally, senators were elected members of state legislatures, but in 1913, after the entry into force of the 17th Amendment to the Constitution. U.S. Senate
The Australian dollar is the currency of the Commonwealth, as well as Christmas Island, Cocos Islands and Norfolk Island. In addition, the currency is in use in the independent states of Oceania - Kiribati, Nauru and Tuvalu. The Australian Stock Exchange and the Sydney Futures Exchange - the largest shopping area of the country. Australia - one of the few capitalist countries, the most fully embody the principle of laissez-faire in economic management, according to the index of economic freedom around the world. Economy
Economy U.S. firms are flourishing thanks to the wide spread of American culture in the world. The world's largest exporter of goods. Political stability, qualified personnel. Weaknesses: strong decrease in the number of jobs in manufacturing. Globalization, the leakage of jobs to countries with cheap labor (in 1945 almost 50% of the total world production came from the United States, in the 1990s. - Only 25%). Fierce competition in the field of technology with the countries of East Asia and the European Union.
School sector includes primary education secondary education (equivalent to the unfinished secondary education) higher secondary education (the equivalent of a complete secondary education and a high school diploma). The Australians are in school for a total of 12 years. Graduates of schools receive state certificate, called Year 12. School sector is divided into three sections private state independent Education in Australia
The length and age for compulsory education vary by state. Children start school at the age of 5 to 8 years and end up at the age of 14 to 18 years. At the age of about five years, American children go to primary school (English elementary school), the zero class (German kindergarten). This is the zero class is not mandatory in some states. Nevertheless, almost all American children attend kindergarten. Education in the U.S
Презентация к уроку на тему:English-speaking countries The USA and Australia.
Тип урока: Урок обобщения и систематизации изученных знаний.
- знакомство с особенностями жизни англоязычной стран;
- совершенствование лексических навыков
- тренировка навыков чтения;
- развитие учебно-интеллектуальных навыков и умений ;
- развитие коммуникативных умений;
- развитие способности к сравнению, сопоставлению, формулированию выводов;
- поддержание у учащихся интереса к изучению иностранного языка как средства общения
1. Активизировать лексический материал
2. Тренировать в употреблении лексического материала
3. Обучать чтению с выборочным извлечением информации
4. Формировать умение собирать, систематизировать и интерпретировать культуроведческую информацию по теме .
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