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Is used to express an action which took place before another past action The doctor prescribed some medicine after he had examined the patient.
The doctor had come by 2 o’clock. Is used to express an action which took place before a definite moment in the past
Time expressions 1) By that time he had recovered from his illness. 2) The doctor examined Boris before he had passed all the analyses. 3) After the doctor had taken Bill’s pulse, he listened to his breath. 4) As soon as she had drunk a glass of warm water, she felt better. By By that time Before As soon as When After
Is formed 1) Had + the Past Participle (the third form) 2) Тhe 3d form of the regular verbs is formed infinitive + ed without to To examine – examined To pass – passed To check – checked She had checked the temperature.
The 3d form of the irregular verbs is formed in different way To drink – drunk To take – taken To do - done The doctor had taken the pulse.
Fill in the gaps with the right form of the regular verbs 1) She had (to call) in the doctor. 2) Bob had (to visit) the doctor. 3) He had (to stay) in bed. 4) I had (to suffer) from the pain. 5) Healthy food had (to help) him to keep fit. 6) She had (to change) a lot. 7) After her illness she had (to consult) the doctor
Fill in the gaps with the right form of the irregular verbs. 1) She had (to catch) a cold. 2) We had (to keep) a diet. 3) The boy had (to break) his leg. 4) The nurse had (to give) an injection. 5) They had (to do) exercises. 6) Mum had (to give) her son some medicine. 7) He had (to go) to bed.
Interrogative Had + subject + V3 Put the words in the correct order. 1) She suffered a sore throat had for a week? 2) Changed had he a lot since I saw him? 3) Nick had a flu had for ten days? 4) Children caught had a cold before their grandmother came? 5) Had you an aspirin taken?
Negative Subject + hadn’t + V3 Put the words in the correct order. 1)She not had taken a temperature. 2) Had they had a stomachache not. 3) Had I not warm milk drunk. 4) She had a pain not had in the heart. 5) She drunk not had an aspirin.
Compare Past Future Present Past Perfect The previous action to the action in the past. He had visited the dentist before his tooth was decayed. Past Simple The action in the past. He visited the dentist yesterday. Put the verbs in the right form. 1) My friend (to recover) soon last month. 2) I (to recover) by the end of the week. 3) She (to take) some medicine before she had lunch. 4) She (to take) medicine twice a day when she was ill. 5) The nurse (to give) me injections when I was ill. 6) The nurse (to give) me an injection before the doctor came.
Hello, Boris! Hi, Kate! Act out the dialogue. Pay attention to the forms of the verbs in the Past Simple Tense and the Past Perfect Tense. Kate Boris How are you?
I am well now, but I had had a sore throat for a week. What’s a pity! Why did you fall ill?
I fell ill because I hadn’t put on my coat. Did you call in the doctor?
Sure! After I had checked my temperature I called in the doctor. What did the doctor do?
She took a pulse, listened to my breath, examined my throat! Was it flu ?
No, it was not. It was just a bad cold. Did the doctor prescribe you any medicine?
Yes, she did. After the doctor had prescribed the medicine, my mum bought it. Before I went to bed, I had drunk some warm milk with honey, I recovered soon. Sorry. It’s not so good to be out of school for a week.
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