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Stonehenge - giant stone mystery in the heart of Europe. Today, we know very little about its origin, history and purpose, but even this information is enough to understand that ordinary people could not calculate and construct a whopper ... We suggest you learn about this phenomenal research facilities and hypotheses put forward by different scientists, according to age of Stonehenge and its purpose
Stonehenge ... A few stones, mounds, ditches, pits and shafts, but about it do not stop talking and historians, and esoterica, sharing their feelings and hunches. And these feelings and thoughts can not be compared with ordinary and primitive. Indeed, Stonehenge was a lot said, but much remains to be find to solve the riddle of this truly strange constructions
Stonehenge - a stone megalithic structure, 130 km south-west of London. In a circle along the outer shaft located 56 small funeral "Aubrey holes", named after John Aubrey, who first described them in the XVII century. To the north-east of the entrance to the ring was huge, seven-Heel Stone. During the construction of Stonehenge II was built earthen alley between the Heel Stone and entrance. Were built two rings of 80 huge boulders blue, which are likely to be delivered within 320 miles from South Wales. At the final stage of construction was carried permutation megaliths. Blue stones ring replaced by a colonnade of 30 trilitov, each consisting of two upright stones and build on the horizontal plate. Inside the ring once more were 5 separate trilitov forming a horseshoe
According to legend the erection of the monolith had a hand Merlin himself who brought the stones from the south-west Wales, famous cluster of sacred springs
The origin of the huge stone calcaneal already associated with another legend. They say that once saw the devil hiding among the rocks monk. Before the unfortunate managed to escape, the devil has launched a huge boulder that crushed his heel
However, scientists have a different opinion. Thus, in the Renaissance architect J. Jones suggested that Stonehenge was built by the Romans
Medieval scientific minds believed that building - the work of Swiss and Germans
In the XIX century decided that here was a place of power of the Druids, through which they could commit serious rituals, combining their communal forces with the forces of nature - it was thought that megalith is located at the intersection of power lines
English writer and historian Tom Brooks as a result of its many years of research has concluded that Stonehenge was part of a giant navigation system consisting of isosceles triangles, the vertex of each of which points to the next item
In our time, some historians have theorized that says that Stonehenge - Boadicea tomb, some pagan queen. In any case, all agree on the existence of a deeper meaning, which the ancient architects endowed his work. After all, obviously, is not in vain in the XVIII century from the megalithic Aborigines chipped pieces and carried with them as an amulet
In general, Stonehenge is a structure of 82 five-ton megaliths, 30 stone blocks weighing 25 tons and 5 huge so-called trilitis stones, weighing up to 50 tons. Stacked stone blocks form the arches, which once served as a perfect indicator of the compass
Until recently, scientists assumed that this monument was erected in the second millennium BC lived in the British Isles tribes to observe the Sun and the Moon. But the latest data of modern science are forced to reconsider many of the conclusions of researchers. Now archaeologists agreed that this architectural monument erected in three stages between 2300 and 1900. BC A recent study of the area showed that people lived here as early as 7200 BC, long before the creation of Stonehenge (before that it was believed that before the year 3600 there was no one there)
Back in the 20s of last century, the famous geologist Thomas X. established. that the stones for the construction of complex brought from the quarries. who were more than 300 kilometers from the construction site! Needless to say, that the transport of huge stone blocks required extraordinary effort
In late 1994, a Yale University professor David Bowen using the latest methods for determining the age of Stonehenge. It turned out that it is 140,000 years. Why did the ancient people needed to make great efforts on cutting, complex shipping, handling and durable blocks their incredible accuracy installation in strict order? Answer to this question is no ...
Famous astronomer Fred Hoyle. Having examined all the geometric features of Stonehenge, has determined that the creators of this building knew the exact orbital period of the Moon and the length of the solar year. According to the conclusions of other researchers, the wells inside the circle formed by stone blocks, precisely indicate the path of peace poles 12-30 thousand years ago!
In 1998, astronomer recreated by computer original appearance of Stonehenge and conducted various research Their findings were shocking to many. It turns out that this ancient monolith is not only the solar and lunar calendar, as previously assumed, but is an exact model of the solar system in cross-section. According to this model, the solar system is not composed of nine and twelve planets, two of which are beyond the orbit of Pluto, and another - between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter, is now the asteroid belt. In principle, this model confirms the assumptions of modern astronomy and is fully consistent with the views of many ancient peoples, who also believed that the number of planets in our solar system is twelve
A feature of all the ancient megaliths is their unusually high earthquake resistance. Studies have shown that in their construction used special platform, mitigating or completely extinguishing tremors. On such platforms erected most of all ancient structures. Also, these bases allow practically no "shrinkage soil", which inevitably occurs when modern construction
Scientists still do not know who and what is raised during the Stone Age this great astronomical observatory. On this occasion, still raging debates and arguments, which are unlikely to abate in the near future - too colorful building is the subject of this debate
One thing is certain, no matter who the ancient builders, they had a tremendous knowledge of astronomy, mathematics, geology and architecture! And when you consider that the grandiose monuments and buildings were erected in prehistoric times, almost all over the world, we can conclude that we modern people know almost nothing about their own history ...
Most researchers, considering Stonehenge lead it as evidence of brilliant astronomical knowledge of the ancient Britons. It is possible that for the ancient inhabitants of Britain and northern France megalithic structures such as Stonehenge were both astronomical and ritual structures. They simultaneously with the study of planets, stars, sunrise and sunset times, producing burial of the dead, as evidenced by the numerous mounds and other ceremonial sites
By the way, the ancient Britons called Stonehenge "Dance of the Giants." Other sources are given a slightly different name - "Round Dance of Giants." When you first look at this gigantic structure their logic becomes absolutely clear)
Данная презентация была создана и использована на уроке английского языка в 10 классе в 3 четверти. Unit 3 "Civilization and progress",section 3 "Man -made wonders of the world". При работе над темой были подготовлены несколько презентаций : "Panama canal", "Trans-Siberian Railway","Hoover Dam","English Channel Tunnel or the Chunnel"," The Stonehenge". Все работы получились интересными и познавательными. Я представляю одну из них: " The Stonehenge"
Стоунхейндж -одно из самых мистических доисторических построек на земле.В работе рассматриваются версии её создания.Работа можно использовать как дополнительный материал к урокам английского языка при изучении истории Британии. Данная тема всегда вызывает огромный интерес у учащихся.
Изучение английского языка в 10 классе направлено на достижение следующих целей:-дальнейшее развитие иноязычной коммуникативной компетенции (речевой, языковой,социокультурной,компенсаторной,учебно- познавательной). Данная работа направлена на дальнейшее развитие социокультурной компетенции.Это означает, увеличение объёма знаний о социокультурной специфике страны изучаемого языка, совершенствование умений строить своё речевое и неречевое поведение адекватно этой специфике, формирование умений выделять общее и специфическое в культуре страны изучаемого языка.
В число задач входит :
-совершенствование орфографических навыков;
-совершенствование слухо- произносительных навыков;
-расширение объёма лексического минимума;
-развитие страноведческих знаний и умений.
В данной презентации я и придерживалась основных целей и задач обучения в 10 классе.
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