Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:
Система времён английского глагола
The Present Simple (Indefinite) Временные указатели: every day-каждый день usually- обычно as a rule- как правило always-всегда sometimes- иногда seldom- редко often- часто
The Present Simple (Indefinite) Утвердительная форма: I speak You speak It, he, she speaks We speak They speak 1) ss, sh, ch, x, o +es: watch-watches 2) согласн. +y i+es: study-studies
The Present Indefinite (Simple) Вопросительная форма: Do(it, he, she-does) + подлежащее +смысл. глагол + втор. члены? Do you study English every day? Does he speak English well?
The Present Simple (Indefinite) Отрицательная форма: Подлежащее + do(it, he, she-does)+not+ смысл. глагол + втор. члены. We don`t speak English well. She doesn`t read books every day.
The Present Continuous (Настоящее продолженное время) Временные указатели: Now At this moment To be + Participle I I am V+ing You, we, they are It, he, she is
The Present Continuous Утвердительная форма: I am working We are working You are working They are working It, he, she is working
The Present Continuous Вопросительная форма: To be +подлежащее + V+ing +втор. члены? Am I working? Are you working? Is he, she, it working? Are we working? Are they working?
The Present Continuous Отрицательная форма: Подлежащее + to be + not + V+ing + втор. члены. I am not working You are not working It, he, she is not working We are not working They are not working
The Present Perfect (Настоящее завершенное время) Временные указатели: already-уже, just-только что, совсем недавно, ever-когда-нибудь, в какой либо ситуации, never-никогда, lately- в последнее время, recently-недавно, на днях.
The Present Perfect To have + Participle II I have You have It, he, she has+(V+ed) (III колонка) We have They have
The Present Perfect Утвердительная форма: To have +V+ed I have worked We have worked You have worked They have worked It, he, she has worked To have +V (III кол.) I have seen We have seen You have seen They have seen It, he, she has seen
The Present Perfect Вопросительная форма: To have + подлежащее + Participle II+втор члены? Have I seen? Have we seen? Have you seen? Have they seen? Has it, he, she seen?
The Past Simple (простое прошедшее время) Временные указатели: Yesterday- вчера, Ago- назад, The day before yesterday- позавчера The other day- в тот день, last month- в прошлом месяце, In 1974- в 1974 году.
The Past Simple Правильные Неправильные V+ed II форма to ask-asked to see-saw to work-worked to get-got
The Past Simple Утвердительная форма: I asked I did You asked You did It, he, she asked It, he, she did We asked We did They asked They did
The Past Simple Вопросительная форма: Did I go yesterday? Did you go yesterday? Did it, he, she go yesterday? Did we go yesterday? Did they go yesterday?
The Past Simple Отрицательная форма: I did not go yesterday. You did not go yesterday. It, he, she did not go yesterday. We did not go yesterday. They did not go yesterday.
The Past Continuous (прошедшее длительное время) Временные указатели: At 5 o`clock yesterday- в 5 часов вчера, at that moment yesterday – в этот момент вчера, The Past Continuous: was\were + Participle I
The Past Continuous Утвердительная форма: I was working It, he, she was working You were working We were working They were working
The Past Continuous Вопросительная форма: Was I working? Was it, he, she working? Were you working? Were we working? Were they working?
The Past Continuous Отрицательная форма: I was not working It, he, she was not working You were not working We were not working They were not working
The Past Perfect ( Прошедшее законченное время) By 5 o`clock – к 5 часам, last Monday – прошлый понедельник, by the end of…. – к концу..(какого-то действия), when (before) he came – когда (до того, как) он пришел The Past Perfect= Had+ Participle II(V3)
The Past Perfect Утвердительная форма: I had worked\seen It, he, she had worked\seen You had worked\seen We had worked\seen They had worked\seen
The Past Perfect Вопросительная форма: Had I worked\seen? Had it, he, she worked\seen? Had you worked\seen? Had we worked\seen? Had they worked\seen?
The Past Perfect Отрицательная форма: I had not worked\seen. It, he, she had not worked\seen. You had not worked\seen. We had not worked\seen. They had not worked\seen.
The Future Simple (простое будущее время) In two days- через 2 дня, Tomorrow – завтра, Next week – на следующей неделе. I, we +shall (will)+ Verb You, (infinitive) it, he, she, +will + без «to» they
The Future Simple Утвердительная форма: I shall (will) work You will work It, he, she will work We shall (will) work They will work
The Future Simple Вопросительная форма: Shall(will) I work? Will you work? Will it, he, she work? Shall (will) we work? Will they work?
The Future Simple Отрицательная форма: I shall (will) not work You will not work It, he, she will not work We shall (will) not work They will not work
(будущее длительное время) Временные указатели: At 5 o`clock tomorrow – завтра в 5 часов, When he comes – когда он придет, At that time tomorrow- в это же время завтра I, we +shall (will)+ You, It, he, she, +will +be+ They
The Future Continuous Утвердительная форма: I shall (will) be working You will be working It, he, she will be working We shall (will) be working They will be working
The Future Continuous Отрицательная форма: I shall (will) not be working You will not be working It, he, she will not be working We shall (will) not be working They will not be working
The Future Continuous Вопросительная форма: Shall (will) I be working? Will you be working? Will it, he, she be working? Shall (will) we be working? Will they be working?
The Future Perfect (будущее завершенное время) Временные указатели: Before the bell – до звонка, By that time – к тому времени, By the end of – к концу…. I, we shall (will) + have + Part II You, it, he, she, they will + have + V+ed (III кол.)
The Future Perfect Утвердительная форма: I shall (will) have worked\seen You will have worked\seen It, he, she will have worked\seen We shall (will) have worked\seen They will have worked\seen
The Future Perfect Вопросительная форма: Shall (will) I have worked\seen? Will you have worked\seen? Will it, he, she have worked\seen? Shall (will) we have worked\seen? Will they have worked\seen?
The Future Perfect Отрицательная форма: I shall (will) not have worked\seen You will not have worked\seen It, he, she will not have worked\seen We shall (will) not have worked\seen They will not have worked\seen
The Present Indefinite (Simple) Nick attend…lessons every day. We study… many different subjects. My friend study…at extra-mural department. I combine… my study and work. She cook… dinner every Monday. I (not to drink) coffee in the evening. I drink… coffee in the morning. My grandmother (not to work). I usually get… up at seven o’clock in the morning. When you usually (to come) home from school? – I come… at three o’clock. Where your cousin (to work)? – He (to work) at a hospital. My cousin go… to school every day.
Задание 1. Определите время сказуемого: He usually drinks coffee but now he is drinking tea. We have walked ten kilometers already. I haven`t spoken to him yet. He does not play chess well. What are you doing? I translated the article yesterday.
Задание 2 . Найдите предложение, в которых сказуемое выражено глаголами в Past Perfect и переведите. 1) It was my first flight. I had never flown before.__________________________________ 2) We’d like to have a party tonight.___________________________________________ 3) We arrived at our country house in the evening and found out that somebody had broken into it.________________________________________________ 4) When parents came home they saw that their children hadn’t cleaned the flat. _________________________________________________ 5) Tom had just got home when I phoned him.____________________________________
Задание 3. Составьте предложения, используя слова, данные в скобках. Не wasn't hungry (I just /have/ lunch) 1. Mary wasn't at home when I arrived (she/just/go out) 2. They come to the cinema late. (The film/already/begin) 3. I invited my brother to dinner last night but he couldn't come (he/go on business urgently). 4. I knew the actor well. (I/ see / him / in / many plays) 5. My mother was busy in the kitchen. (She/not/ cook/ dinner/ yet) 6. Robert was late for lessons. (he/ miss/ the bus)
Задание 4. Раскройте скобки 1. I (not to know) what to give my brother for his birthday. 2. They (to want) publish this book in July? 3. She (to think) he (to drive) dangerously. 4. He (to understand) that he (to eat) noisily, but he always (to forget) about it. 5. Who that man (to be) who (to stand) in the doorway? 6. I (to have) no time now, I (to have) dinner. 7. Your family (to leave) St. Petersburg in summer? – Yes, we always (to go) to the seaside. We all (to like) the sea. Mother (to stay) with us to the end of August, but father (to return) much earlier. 8. Where Tom and Nick (to be) now? – They (to have) a smoke in the garden.
Задание 5. Составьте вопросы и ответы с данными выражениями Have dinner, speaking with friends/ at 19 o`clock, at that time yesterday. -Go to cinema, compute/ at 18 o`clock tomorrow, at this time tomorrow.
Данная разработка предназначена для изучения или повторения времен английского глагола среди школьников, а также студентов СПО. Каждый раздел включает в себя описание трех форм предложений - утвердительная, вопросительная, отрицательная. На закрепление изученного материала в конце предлагаются упражнения различных уровней сложности.
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