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Презентация по английскому языку

Variant 1

1. Установите соответствие между текстами A–G и заголовками 1–8. Запишите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.

 

1. Unhealthy eating habits

2. Correcting mother nature

3. The turning point

4. The solution

5. Simple lifestyles

6. Summer all year round

7. Unnatural lasts longer

8. A tricky question

 

A. Have you ever wondered where our food comes from? The obvious answer is that it comes from the supermarket. However, that still doesn't answer the question because nowadays, it can come from anywhere on the planet. In addition, we have no idea how some of the food products we buy, such as hot dogs or cookies, are made. For us, food is sometimes a mystery.

B. Long ago, things were not so mysterious. Our ancestors would have known exactly where their food had come from. When we were hunters and gatherers, we ate what we killed or gathered with our own hands. Later as farmers, we grew or raised the food that we ate. If we didn't grow it ourselves, it would have come from a nearby farm or at the furthest, a neighboring village.

C. Beginning in the late 15th century, during the development of trade with India and America everything changed. Explorers discovered exotic kinds of food such as potatoes, tomatoes, pumpkins and chocolate, and introduced them to Europe. Although they are common now, people back then were suspicious and even thought they might be poisonous. All of a sudden, what you were eating was not so obvious.

D. In recent times, technology and modern forms of transportation have changed things even more. Food can be shipped from one side of the planet to the other, and refrigeration means that we don't have to worry about things spoiling. As a result, the whole idea of seasonal fruits and vegetables has lost its meaning and it no longer seems strange to eat strawberries in winter. Exotic fruits have become common, and many people have no idea where they come from.

E. Advances in food science and chemistry have changed food even more. Processed foods such as cookies, cereal, spaghetti sauces and soft drinks are made in factories with chemicals. The reason this is done is to save money since natural ingredients cost much more than artificial ones. It's also done to increase the shelf life, meaning the time that the products can remain on the shelves of the supermarket without going bad.

F. Even if you avoid eating processed foods, you still can't be sure what you are eating. Farming practices have changed beyond recognition and farms are often run like a factory. Animals are injected with hormones to make them fat and fruits and vegetables are genetically modified to produce 'improved' versions. In addition, chemical fertilizers and pesticides are regularly sprayed on plants. The health effects of this are not yet known and have yet to be seen.

G. So what can you do? The main thing you can do is educate yourself so that you know exactly what you are eating. Read the labels carefully and know what chemical ingredients are harmful. Try to buy organic fruits and vegetables that are grown naturally or buy them from local farmers' markets. By being aware and selective of the food that we buy, we can be more certain of what we are eating, enjoy more delicious food, as well as make sure we are eating healthily.

 

Текст

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

Заголовок




















19. Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово «CHOOSE» так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

Did you know?

Here are some interesting facts about Australia. Canberra __________________ as the capital because Sydney and Melbourne could not stop arguing which city should be the capital of Australia.

20. Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово IT так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

The sports capital of the world has 70 percent of __________________ total population participating at least once a week in a particular recreational activity or sport.

21. Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово ORGANISE так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

80 % of Australians believe Australia has a strong culture and identity characterised by honesty, sports and multiculturalism based on research __________________ by the Australia Day Council of NSW in 2008.

22. Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово SEE так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

The wolf and the goat

A hungry wolf was out searching for a meal. He

__________________ a goat feeding on grass on top of a high cliff. The wolf wished to get the goat to climb down from the rock and into his grasp and he called out to her.

23.  Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово GREEN так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

Excuse me, dear Goat,” he said in a friendly voice, “It is very dangerous for you to be at such a height. Do come down before you injure yourself. Besides, the grass is much __________________ down here. Take my advice, and please come down from that high cliff.”

24. Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово NOT CARE так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

But the goat knew too well of the wolf’s intent. “You __________________ if I eat good grass or bad.

25. Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово EAT так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

What you care about is __________________ me.”

26.  Образуйте от слова COMPETE однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

Texas Rodeo

The rodeo is a really exciting event. It is a thrilling __________________ between cowboys from all over the country.

27.  Образуйте от слова PROFESSION однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

It has a long tradition and even today there are rodeo schools which keep it alive and __________________.

28.  Образуйте от слова VISIT однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

The rodeo is a spectacular sight. If a __________________ has a place in the first row of the arena, he or she may even be sprinkled with sand by the passing horses.

29.  Образуйте от слова PERFORM однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

The __________________ usually starts with an opening ceremony by horsemen dressed in bright colours and carrying flags.

30. Образуйте от слова CONSTANT однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

All through the show the master of the ceremony __________________ jokes with special clowns.

31. Образуйте от слова POSSIBLE однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

A rodeo in Texas is certainly an exciting experience which is practically __________________ for a tourist to forget.











Variant 2

1. Установите соответствие между текстами A–G и заголовками 1–8. Запишите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.

 

1. A shop that inspired writers

2. Country’s brave defenders

3. A truly international place

4. Governesses of rich children

5. Birth of a popular sport

6. Textile business links

7. A nice-sounding building

8. The initial steps of commerce

 

A. Moscow has always been a multicultural city. If we look back at its history, we will see that there were several foreign communities living in Moscow on a permanent basis. We all know about German people inhabiting the banks of the Yauza river, where little Peter, the future tsar of all Russia, ran around, made friends and got his first ideas of learning about ships and fleets. But what do we know about the British community of Moscow? Did it even exist?

B. The first ties between Russia and Britain were formed in the middle of the 16th century in the time of Ivan the Terrible. It was then that some wealthy British merchants founded the Muscovy Company which held a monopoly on trade between Britain and Russia until 1698. The building of its Moscow headquarters was granted to the company by the tsar in 1556 and can be still visited at 4, Varvarka Street, known to us now as The Old English Court.

C. Beginning from the time of Peter the Great, several talented British military men moved to Russia. Many of them served as army generals and navy admirals, defending Russian borders in different wars and battles. Among the most famous ones were Field Marshall James Bruce, Field Marshall Barclay de Tolly and Admiral Thomas Mackenzie, all of them of Scottish origin.

D. In the 18th century, British industrialists made themselves known in Russia. One of the most outstanding figures was Robert McGill, who lived in Moscow and served as an intermediary between Lancashire mill engineers and the Russian cotton industry, and built over 150 mills (cotton factories) in Russia. Robert McGill had a house in Spiridonovka Street and together with his wife Jane was a prominent member of the British community in Moscow.

E. If you talk to Moscow concert musicians who were active between the 1960s and the 1990s, they will tell you of the fantastic acoustics of the “Melodiya” recording studio at 8, Voznesensky Lane, which they lovingly called ‘kirche’, mistakenly thinking it was a German church. This building, designed in the English neo-gothic architectural style, was in fact built in 1885 by Robert McGill and is St. Andrew’s Anglican Church, which was used as a recording studio in Soviet times.

F. Another spectacular example of British architecture in Moscow is the old building of TsUM next to the Bolshoy and Maly theatres. Built in the early 1900s, it was back then the biggest department store in Moscow. It was owned by Scottish merchants Andrew Muir and Archie Mirrielees. Mayakovsky mentions Muir&Mirrielees in several of his poems, while Chekhov named his dogs after its two owners.

G. In 1887, two other cotton industrialists from Lancashire, Clement and Harry Charnock, moved to work at a cotton factory in Orekhovo-Zuevo, near Moscow. They were both great football fans and decided to introduce this game to the workers of the factory. This resulted in the first professional football team in Russia which after the Revolution became the core of Moscow Dynamo team.

 

Текст

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

Заголовок




















19.  Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово «MEAN» так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

The name of Alaska

Do you know the origin of the place name Alaska? The name Alaska comes from the Aleut word alaxsxaq, __________________ “object toward which the action of the sea is directed” – that is, the mainland.

 

20.  Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово FORM так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

It is also known as Alyeska, the “great land”, an Aleut word __________________ from the same root.

21. Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово CONSIDER так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

Its nicknames are the Land of the Midnight Sun and America’s Last Frontier. Its first nicknames were “Seward’s folly” and“Seward’s icebox” to laugh at the secretary of state who negotiated the purchase of Alaska from Russia, which __________________ foolish at the time.

22.  Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово LOCATE так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

A landmark for the new millennium

Have you seen the photos of the London Eye? The London Eye is a giant observation wheel __________________ in the Jubilee Gardens on the South Bank of the river Thames.

23. Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово DESIGN так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

The structure __________________ by the architectural team of David Marks and Julia Barfield, husband and wife.

24.  Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово WIN так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

They submitted their idea for a large observation wheel as part of a competition to design a landmark for the new millennium. None of the entrants __________________the competition.

25.  Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово THEY так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

However, the couple pressed on and eventually got the backing of British Airways, who sponsored __________________ project.

26. Образуйте от слова ABSOLUTE однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

Pronunciation is important

Some learners of English think that pronunciation is not very important. That is __________________ wrong.

27.  Образуйте от слова EXTEND однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

Even if you have an acceptable grasp of the English language, with good grammar and an __________________ vocabulary, native English speakers may find you very difficult to understand you if you don't work on your pronunciation.

28. Образуйте от слова ESSENCE однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

Correct, clear pronunciation is __________________ if you really want to improve your level of English.

29.  Образуйте от слова FAMILIAR однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

Pay particular attention to any sounds that you are __________________ with or that do not exist in your native tongue.

30. Образуйте от слова RUSSIA однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

For example, __________________ have difficulty pronouncing the “th” sound, as it does not exist in their native language.

31.  Образуйте от слова GREAT однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

Remember that the pronunciation of certain English words varies depending on the part of the world it's spoken in. For example, American English differs __________________ from British English.



Variant 3

1. Установите соответствие между текстами A–G и заголовками 1–8. Запишите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.

 

1. Reasons to be afraid

2. Fight your fear

3. A place of wonders

4. How to say thank you

5. Visiting for wild life and animals

6. Learn to be grateful

7. It’s never late to learn

8. Reading non-verbal language

 

A. Nowadays when it’s all too easy to send an email or text, the best way to show that you are grateful to somebody is to actually mail a hand-written card. The person who gets it will know you took the extra time and thought to write a card and put it in the mail with a nice stamp. That person will appreciate your efforts much more. Plus, you’ll get the added bonus of feeling grateful a little longer than usual as you write out each note and wait for it to arrive.

B. Music is a noble passion, and people who can play a musical instrument have always been seen as intelligent people. Learning how to play a musical instrument is far more efficient if you do it in childhood. However, there are millions of adults who learn to enjoy music throughout their lives. Moreover, they don’t focus on just one instrument, but specialize in two or even more, if they have the time and the necessary ambition.

C. Millions of people avoid air travel each year because of their fear of flying. The fear of accidents happening is probably the most common fear among air travellers. It is an understandable fear, since there have been many aviation accidents throughout history. Some people may have a fear that the plane has some type of malfunction or breakdown, while others may have a fear that the weather or turbulance will affect the plane.

D. Try to understand that being scared is just an illusion that makes you limited and miserable. Take control of your mind and don’t let your imagination create frightening pictures in your head. If you cannot deal with it, you should make attempts to leave your comfort zone. Choose things and activities you are afraid of and meet your worries face to face, because it is impossible to run away from them. Just face your troubles no matter how powerful they may seem.

E. When you get chronically bored with something, your mind gets used to seeing the world negatively. It is necessary to break the chain of negative thoughts and train your mind to notice the best. Just write down 5 things you are thankful for. This way, your mind will change for the better in a while. The thankfulness will open your eyes to the beauty of the world around you and will help you to focus on positive moments in your life.

F. If you go to Ireland, go to isolated distant places in the country, talk to the locals and they will tell you the stories about the mythical Irish place, called the Otherworld. They believe that it is the land of paradise and happiness. In Irish poetry and tales, it is described as a series of islands near Ireland where the various fairytale creatures lived. Also the Otherworld seemed to be able to move from one location to another.

G. Many people can understand the nature of character without talking to the person they are interested in. The gestures and postures usually reflect the mood and the level of the person’s confidence. It’s easy to notice a highly confident person even in a big group of people. They stand in one place without constant moving from place to place, and they always make eye contact with the person they are talking to.

 

Текст

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

Заголовок










19. Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово «GO» так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

First Day of School

Melanie River had just turned ten years old, but she had never been to school.

Most children in the third grade _________ to school for two years. But Melanie was not most children.

20.  Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово BAD так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

She suffered from severe social anxiety. Attending a school with over 800 students was her ________ nightmare. But this year Melanie was determined that things were going to be different.

21.  Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово BE так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

She and her family had just moved to a smaller town. There were only about 200 students at the local elementary school. Her mother hoped that Melanie _________ able to control her emotions and finally have a few friends.

22.  Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово ONE так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

And so here Melanie was, on the way to school. And even though she felt as if her heart might explode out of chest, for the ___________ time in her life she was truly happy.

23.  Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово DRIVE так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

Panic 

At some point of your life you’ve probably used the word panic. But have you ever wondered where it comes from?

Panic actually originates from a Greek myth. Pan, the Greek god of nature, had a strange power. When awakened from his sleep, he would cry out which __________the nearby animals into a state of terror.

24.  Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово THEY так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

Pan would also use this power on his enemies, driving some of _____________ mad.

25. Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово KNOW так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

Among the Greeks this mental state ____________ as panic fear.

26.  Образуйте от слова OPEN однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

Clothes and Personality

What do your clothes really say about you? Some people wear their personality ___________ on their sleeves, while others try to hide it deep in the dark layers of their clothes. Nonetheless, one’s clothes can often be a window into the workings of their head.

27.  Образуйте от слова APPEAR однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

In the past people dressed in accordance with their rank, position, culture, and so forth. Back then you could tell a lot about a person just by looking at them. Nowadays a lot has changed: you can still judge a person by their ______________,

28. Образуйте от слова EXPRESS однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

but now it is possible to do so on a more personal level, as people use their outfits as a form of self-________________. Even when there is nothing obvious like blue hair or a shredded shirt.

29. Образуйте от слова CONVENTIONAL однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

For example, plain, simple clothes can show that a person is modest and doesn’t like to stand out. _________________ clothes can mean that the person

30.  Образуйте от слова DIFFER однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

doesn’t mind being ____________ or simply enjoys attention. The person could also be hiding behind his clothes, using them as a shield.

31.  Образуйте от слова COVER однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

All in all, clothes can definitely tell you a lot about a person. And if you take the time to notice, you might be surprised by what you ________________.




Variant 4

1. Установите соответствие между текстами A–G и заголовками 1–8. Запишите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.

 

1. For information and urgent help

2. World without buttons

3. To monitor and treat the disease

4. A built-in charger

5. Key under your skin

6. Big brother is watching you

7. Disadvantages of tech

8. Phone always on you

 

A. Sure, we’re virtually connected to our phones 24/7 now, but what if we could be literally plugged in to our phones? That’s already starting to happen. Last year, for instance, artist Anthony Antonellis had a chip put in his arm that could store and transfer data to his handheld smartphone. And researchers are already experimenting with sensors that turn human bone into living speakers.

B. In the future patients will be able to use implantable technologies to diagnose and even treat diseases. Scientists in London are developing swallowable capsule-sized chip that will control fat levels in obese patients and generate genetic material that makes them feel “full”. It has potential as an alternative to surgery to handle obesity. Also it can monitor blood-sugar levels for diabetics.

C. The U.S. military has programs to identify any person using face scanning device. Some people see it as a doubtless advantage: improved crime fighting, secure elections and never a lost child again. However, such technologies can hammer against social norms and raise privacy issues. And one day there might be a computer to see all, know all and control all.

D. One of the challenges for implantable tech is delivering power to devices which are inside human bodies. You can’t plug them in as you do with your phone or computer. You can’t easily take them out to replace a battery. A team in Cambridge is working on specific bio batteries that can generate power inside the body, transfer it wirelessly where needed, and then simply melt away.

E. Soon tattoos will not only make you look cool but will be able to perform useful tasks, like opening your car or entering smartphone codes with a fingerpoint. Researchers have made an implantable skin fibers thinner than a human hair. Scientists are working on the chip that can be put inside a finger through a tattoo-like process, letting you unlock things or enter codes simply by pointing.

F. The British research team is developing pills with microprocessors in them that can text to hospitals directly from inside your body. The pills can share inside info to help doctors know if you are taking your medication properly and if it is having the desired effect. Moreover, in case of emergency, it can send a signal to the computer and the ambulance will come straight away.

G. Lately touchscreens are everywhere – from computers, phones, tablets to car systems and vending machines. Even doorbells now include touch screen controls. One has to wonder: are we moving to a world of only touchscreen devices? And the answer is probably yes. We are coming to an age where every flat or even curved surface could be made a touchscreen and we can operate from it.

 

Текст

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

Заголовок

















19.  Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово «ONE» так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

The Renaissance

Around 1350, art, learning, and science started to flourish in some parts of Europe. To many people, this was the beginning of a new golden age.

This period was not the _________ golden age in Europe.

20.  Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово HAVE так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

Greece ________ one 1,900 years before. About 500 years later, Roman civilization had been at its height.

21.  Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово EARLY так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

Because this new golden age was something like _________ Greek and Roman periods, it is called the Renaissance. The word 'renaissance' means 'rebirth.' Many Greek and Roman values were reborn in the Renaissance.

22.  Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово WIFE так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

Windsor Castle

Windsor is a small town not far from London which is about a thousand years old.

It became the setting for The Merry ___________ of Windsor,

23.  Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово HE так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

Shakespeare’s only comedy that takes place in England, when Queen Elizabeth I commanded ______ to write a play for her court.

24.  Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово DESTROY так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

What the town is famous for today is Windsor Castle, the Royal residence. From a plane Windsor Castle with its big round tower looks like a child's dream of a sand castle. Sadly, in 1992 fire ___________ a large part of the castle buildings.

25.  Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово WILLING так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало содержанию текста.

In 1770, James Cook landed on the east coast of Australia and claimed the land for Great Britain. For many years after that, only a few people came to Australia ___________. It was too far from Europe to attract many outsiders.

26.  Образуйте от слова OPEN однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

Australia

What do your clothes really say about you? Some people wear their personality ___________ on their sleeves, while others try to hide it deep in the dark layers of their clothes. Nonetheless, one’s clothes can often be a window into the workings of their head.

27.  Образуйте от слова PRISON однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

The first settlers were ______________. They were not asked if they wanted to come.

28.  Образуйте от слова PUNISH однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

 Moving to Australia was part of their ___________________. In time they were joined by more willing settlers who wanted to find adventure and a better life.

29.  Образуйте от слова DIFFER однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

Like the settlement of the United States, much of Australia’s history deals with the push west. There was, however, one big ______________. In their drive westward, the Australians found no rich river valleys or fertile plains. Instead, they found only dry empty land they called the outback.

30. Образуйте от слова LIKE однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

The outback was _________________ any place the early settlers had ever seen. For months there would be no rain at all. Then suddenly the skies would open up. Within hours, rivers overflowed their banks. Yet only a few days later the land would be as dry as ever.

31. Образуйте от слова COVERED однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

Few settlers were willing to risk their life in such a harsh land. Then gold was ___________ there in 1852. Thousands flocked to the outback of Australia to make their fortunes.


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Автор Чалова Кристина Витальевна
Дата добавления 15.12.2017
Раздел Другое
Подраздел Другое
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Номер материала MA-072662
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