Зам.директор по УР
The theme of the lesson: The USA. Geographical position. Population. The discovering of America.
The aim of the lesson:
Educational: to give more information and to enrich student’s knowledge about the USA.
Developing: to develop critical thinking, logical thinking, to develop pupils’ speaking, reading, writing, listening comprehension abilities; to develop the students’ interest in the subject of English.
Bringing up: to
The type of the lesson: Demonstrative lesson
Methods of the lesson: showing, explaining, individual work, question-answer.
The visual aids: lecture, table, pictures, CD, interactive board.
Connection of the subjects: Geography, History
The procedure of the lesson.
I. Organization moment: Good morning? Glad to see you! How are you? What date is it? Who is absent today? What problem has he (she)? Are you ready for the lesson? Let’s start!
To presentation of video
To show the video
What do you say in this video?
What do you think?
What country you see?
T: Have a look at these video and guess WHAT ARE WE GOING TO SPEAK ABOUT?
P: I think we are going to speak about the USA.
T: Yes of cause, you are right we are going to speak about geographical position of the USA.
Today’s lesson’s theme: The USA .Geographical position. Population. The discovering of America.
Активизация познавательной деятельности учащихся
III. Phonetic Drill.
What do know about the USA?
1.Сколько полосок на флаге США? (13)
2.Что они обозначают? (первые объединившиеся колонии)
3.Сколько звезд на флаге США? (50)
4.Что они обозначают? (штаты)
5.Губернатором какого штата является А.Шварцнегер? (Калифорния)
6.Сколько человек проживает на территории Соединенных Штатов? (более 236 млн.человек)
7.На сколько лет избирается президент? (на 4 года)
8.Сколько президентов было в США? (43 президента)
9.Назовите центр киноиндустрии в США? (Голливуд)
10.В каком веке Соединенные штаты стали государством? (18 век, 4 июля 1776)
11.Сколько медалей заработали спортсмены США на олимпийских играх в Пекине? (110 медалей: 36 золотых, 38серебряных, 36 бронзовых)
12.Где располагается правительство США? (в Белом доме)
IV. Checking up homework .
V. Demonstration of the new language: Организация восприятия нового материала.
Now we’ll read the text about the geographical position of The USA. Before you make a new theme let's me introduce you with new words
Pathific ocean – Тихий океан
Gulf Mexico – Мексиканский залив
border – граничит
consist- составляет, включает
outlying areas — внешние территории
Huron [‘hju:ərən] Lake - озеро Гурон
Erie [‘iəri] Lake - озеро Эри
Superior [sju:’piəriə] Lake – озеро Верхнее
peak — вершина, пик
District of Columbia — Федеральный округ Колумбия
to include — включать
lowlands — низины
to be located — располагаться
to be made up from — быть составленным, состоять из
stripe — полоса
to symbolize — символизирова
Great Plains — Великие равнины government-правительство
The Snake River - река Снейк comprise- охватывать honour- честь
Hudson River [hΛdsn] –Гудзон
The Platte River - река Плат Rocky Mountains – Скалистые горы landed – высаживаться на берег
Appalachian mountains — Аппалачские горы explore- исследовать
Rocky mountains — Скалистые горы introdused- представлять / знакомить
connect - соединятся
V. Demonstration of the new lexical material.
Read the text «THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA»
The United States of America, or the USA, the US, the States, or America, is one of the biggest countries in the world. It is situated in the central part of the North American continent. Its area of the United States (including the District of Columbia) is about 9 million square kilometers.
The USA is the 4th largest country in the world after Russia, Canada and China. It occupies the central part of the North American continent. The country is washed by 3 oceans: the Arctic, the Atlantic and the Pacific. The main land stretches from the Pacific to the Atlantic Ocean, from the Great Lakes to the Gulf of Mexico. It borders on Canada in the north and Mexico in the south and has a sea-border with Russia. It also includes Alaska and Hawaii. The USA is separated from Canada in the north by the 49th parallel and the Great Lakes, and from Mexico in the south by a line following the Rio Grande River and continuing across the highlands to the Pacific Ocean.
The United States of America is a democratic federal republic, consisting of 50 states including the District of Columbia, where the capital of the country is situated. Outlying areas include Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, and the US Virgin Islands. The northern boundary is partly formed by the Great Lakes and the St Lawrence River; the southern boundary is partly formed by the Rio Grande.
The USA has thousands of lakes of all kinds, with the Great Lakes included. The Great Lakes make up the largest group; they are the greatest collection of fresh water lakes in the world with the total area equal to that of Great Britain. They are Lakes Huron, Erie, Ontario, Michigan, and Superior. Here the famous Niagara Falls precipitate from the height of 50 meters. Among salty lakes the Great Salt Lake in Utah and the Salton Sea in California are the most famous. They are rich in salt (6,000 million tons).
There are also many rivers on the US territory. The longest rivers of them are the Mississippi (7330 kilometers), («the father of waters») the longest river in the world, the Missouri, (1,600 kilometers), the Colorado wild, restless and angry, the Columbia full of quiet dignity and the Rio Grande (3,200 kilometers), a national boundary between the USA and Mexican sizes. Also rivers are the Snake, the Platte, and the Hudson, and some others.
The largest state is Alaska. The Colorado forms the Grand Canyon, which strikes one's imagination as a fabulous phenomenon of nature. Its perpendicular walls go up to 1,500 meters above the river level.
On the US territory there are mountains and lowlands. The highest mountains are the Rocky Mountains, the Cordillera and the Sierra Nevada. The highest peak is Mount McKinley (6,000 meters), is located in Alaska. As compared with the Appalachians in the east, the Rocky Mountains are sharp and rugged, over 4,000 meters high, rich in gold, copper, lead, silver and other minerals.
Americans are made up from nearly all races and nations. The population of the United States of America is about 250 million people, who are called Americans. Most of the people live in towns and the population of the countryside is becoming smaller and smaller.
The national symbol of the USA is its national flag «Stars and Stripes», having 50 white stars and 13 white and red stripes on its field, symbolising the number of the original and present day states. The union was formed in 1787 when the original thirteen states being the Thirteen Colonies along the Atlantic Seaboard united. The last two states to be admitted to the Union were Alaska and Hawaii.
Officially the country comprises 50 states and one District of Columbia. Alaska and Hawaii are not connected to the other states. The states differ in size, population and economic development. Each state has its own capital.
Washington DC (District of Columbia) is the capital of the country and the seat of the government. It is situated on the banks of the Potomac River. It was named honour the fist President George Washington. The city was founded in 1791. There are many large cities in the country: New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Philadelphia, and Detroit, San-Francisco, Cleveland and some others.
The USA is a highly developed industrial state. Its agriculture is also highly mechanized. There are coal-mines in the Cordillera Mountains, in the Kansas City region. Iron is mined near the Great Lakes. The USA has rich oil-fields in California, Texas and some other regions. It occupies one of the first places among the countries of the world for production of coal, iron and oil. The USA has a highly developed motor-ear industry. It would be no exaggeration to say that cars have become the symbol of American way of life. The vehicles produced at such companies as Ford and the General Motors are known world-wide. The motor-car industry is concentrated in and around Detroit. Ship-building is developed along the Atlantic coast and in San Francisco. The textile industry is to be found in the north-east and in the south of the country. The USA has a highly developed railway system. It also has the best network of roads in the world. They are called highways.
Who discovered America?
In 1492 three ships- the "Santa Maria”, the "Pinta”, the "Nine” under Columbus landed the continent.
In 1507 Amerigo Vespucci explored the area of South America and introduced a new land to the world. This continent was called after him - "America». Christopher Columbus sailed four times across the Atlantic Ocean to explore the America.
VI. The questions for discussion:
1.What country is the USA?
2. Where is it situated?
3. What is the USA separated from Canada by?
4.What is its total area?
5.Where does the main land stretch?
6. What oceans is the USA washed by?
7. What are the US highest mountains ?
8. What is the highest mountain peak in the USA?
9. What is the longest river in the USA?
10. Name the fine Great Lakes, please.
11. What republic is the US?
12. How many states does it consist of?
13. Where is the capital of this country situated?
14. Does the D.C. belong to any state?
15. When did the original thirteen states unite?
16. What were the last two states admitted to the Union?
17. What is America’s largest state?
18. What is the most famous waterfall in the USA?
19. How many population of the country?
20. Is the agriculture in America highly mechanized?
21. What raw materials is America rich in?
22. What has become the symbol of American way of life?
23. Where is the motor-car industry situated?
24. Where is the textile industry to be found?
25. Has the USA a highly developed railway system?
VII. Practice. “True” or “False”.
You should say these sentences “True” or “False”.
1.The USA is the 10th largest country in the world.
2.It borders on Kazakhstan in the north and Mexico in the south and has a sea-border with Russia.
3.The longest rivers are the Mississippi (6,400 kilometers), the Missouri(1,600 kilometers)
4.The Mississippi (6,400 kilometers) is «the mother of waters».
5.The USA situated in the central North part of America.
6.The total area of the country is 10 million square kilometers.
7.The famous Niagara Falls precipitate from the height of 50 meters.
8.The USA has hundreds of lakes of all kinds.
VIII. Physical training.
Translate into English:
1. США — четвертая по размеру страна после России, Канады и Китая.
2. Внешние границы включают в себя Пуэрто Рико, Американское Самоа и Виргинские острова.
3. США имеет морскую границу с Российской Федерацией.
4. США омывается тремя океанами: Северным Ледовитым, Атлантическим и Тихим.
5. США — высокоразвитое промышленное государство со множеством отраслей.
6.Аэрокосмическая и электронные отрасли промышленности США занимают особое место в экономике США.
7. Каждый штат имеет свою столицу.
IX. Revision of grammar.
T: So today we have spoken about the USA.
You have worked very well today.
Write down your home task: Text p 397.The make a report by internet
Conclusion & Mark
- The lesson is over. Thank you for your attention. Good bye. See you late.
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