The theme of the lesson: Sport. Sport in my life. Healthy Lifestyle. Bad habits. Main subordinate conjunctions.
The aim of the lesson:
Educational: to give more information and to enrich pupil’s knowledge about Sport. Healthy Lifestyle. Bad habits.
Developing: to develop critical thinking, logical thinking, to develop pupils’ speaking, reading, writing, listening comprehension abilities; to develop the students’ interest in the subject of English.
Bringing up: to discuss Healthy Lifestyle, to take care of their health.
The type of the lesson: Demonstrative lesson
Methods of the lesson: showing, explaining, group work, individual work, question-answer.
The visual aids: lecture, table, pictures, CD, interactive board.
Connection of the subjects: Kazakh, Biology, Physical Training.
The procedure of the lesson.
I. Organization moment: Good morning? Glad to see you! How are you? What date is it? Who is absent today? What problem has he (she)? Are you ready for the lesson? Let’s start!
T: Today we`ll devote our lesson to reading, writing, speaking about WHAT??? Have a lok at these pictures and guess WHAT ARE WE GOING TO SPEAK ABOUT?
P: I think we are going to speak about sport…, smoking…….., alcohol drinking……., taking drugs………., about regular meals……, healthy food and going in for sports.
T: Yes of cause, you are right we are going to speak about sport, health, health problems and healthy way of life. I am sure it is very important to be healthy. Health was valued greatly in all times and in all countries. People can buy different things but they can't buy their health.
T:What kind of sport do you know? What is your favourite sport?
acrobatics — акробатика
aerobics — аэробика
alpinism — альпинизм
archery — стрельба из лука; мастерство стрельбы из лука
arm wrestling — армрестлинг (борьба на руках: побеждает тот, кто сможет прижать руку соперника к столу)
athletics — атлетика; занятия спортом
auto cross-country - авто кросс
baseball — бейсбол
basketball — баскетбол
biathlon — биатлон (вид двоеборья, представляет собой лыжную гонку с оружием на установленные дистанции и стрельбу по мишеням из положения лежа и стоя на огневых рубежах; входит в программу зимних Олимпийских игр)
boat racing — гребля
boxing — бокс (олимпийская дисциплина)
championship — чемпионат, соревнование, первенство
chekers — шашки (американский вариант)
cross-country — бег по пересечённой местности; гонки по пересечённой местности
cycle racing — велогонка
football — футбол
golf — гольф
gymnastics — гимнастика (комплекс олимпийских дисциплин)
hockey — хоккей
horse racing — скачки
hurdling — барьерный бег
javelin throwing — метание копья
judo — дзюдо, дзю-до (боевое искусство, возникшее в Японии в 19-м в.; олимпийская дисциплина)
karate — каратэ, японская система самозащиты без оружия
marathon race — марафон
mountaineering — альпинизм
parachute jumping — прыжок с парашютом
pentathlon — пентатлон, пятиборье
polo — поло (командная игра в мяч верхом на лошадях)
race — состязание в беге или в скорости; гонка, гонки; скачки; бега
rally — ралли, авторалли
relay-race — эстафетный
running — беганье, беготня
shaping — шейпинг
shooting — стрельба
skating — катание на коньках
skiing — катание на лыжах
sports day — день спортивных состязаний (в школах; обычно с приглашением родителей в качестве зрителей)
struggle — борьба
sumo — сумо (японская борьба)
surfing — сёрфинг
swimming — плавание; купание (в водоёме)
tennis — теннис (олимпийская дисциплина)
tournament — турнир, соревнование
valley-ball — волейбол
walking — ходьба
windsurfing — виндсёрфинг
Активизация познавательной деятельности учащихся (работа в парах)
T:Are you healthy? Ask each other questions and put “one” for each “Yes”
1. Do you often eat vegetables and fruit?
2. Do you eat chocolate, sweets, chips and biscuits every day?
3. Do you drink one glass of milk every day?
4. Do you never eat in front of the TV?
5. Don’t you like McDonald’s food?
6. Do you think about health?
What is your score?
Now read about yourself:
Oh, dear! Forget about sweets and chips. You need fruit and vegetables and lots more exercises
Do more exercises and eat more carefully.
You are healthy! Well done!
III. Phonetic Drill.
I would like to pay your attention that health is not something that comes to you by accident. Our health depends on many things: the food we eat, our good or bad habits, our physical activity.I want you to remember proverbs about eating and some habits, but the words have mixed. Can you put them in the correct order to make the proverbs.
Здоровы ли вы? Почти каждому из вас есть, над чем задуматься.Что же значит «быть здоровым» и вести здоровый образ жизни?Люди всегда заботились о своём здоровье и берегли его. Существует много пословиц и поговорок об этом.Знаете ли вы пословицы о здоровье?
Здоровье дороже денег.
Держи голову в холоде, живот в голоде, а ноги в тепле.
Деньги потерял - ничего не потерял, время потерял многое потерял, здоровье потерял - все потерял.
Где здоровье, там и красота.
В здоровом теле - здоровый дух
Если хочешь быть здоров - закаляйся.
Что русскому здорово, то немцу смерть.
What about English proverbs and sayings)
“EAT TO LIVE BUT DON’T LIVE TO EAT”
“EAT AT PLEASURE BUT WITH MEASURE” -Ешь в волю, пей в меру.
“APPETITE COMES WITH EATING”.
“An apple a day keeps the doctor away “-Кушай по яблоку в день, и доктор не понадобится.
Good health is above wealth – Здоровье дороже богатства.
A sound mind in a sound body – В здоровом теле – здоровый дух.
Early to bed and early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise.- Кто рано ложится и рано встает, здоровье , богатство и ум наживёт.
He who has health has hope and he who has hope has everything – Было бы здоровье, а остальное приложится.
Live not to eat, but eat to live – Много есть – не велика честь.
IV. Checking up homework .
V. Demonstration of the new language: Организация восприятия нового материала.
Now we’ll read the text about healthy food. Let’s read the words and guess their meanings. Repeat after me.
Новые лексические единицы: догадываются о значении слов по аналогии с родным языком
People need vitamins to stay healthy. "Vita" means life in Latin. People get vitamins from the food they eat. There are a lot of vitamins in fruit and vegetables. But you can’t find vitamins in Coke, chips and other fast food. Each vitamin is useful for different things in the human body. There are about ten vitamins. They are usually named by a letter of the alphabet (А, В, C, D, etc.)
•Vitamin A is in green and yellow vegetables, milk and eggs. It's necessary for seeing in the dark. Carrot has a lot of vitamin A, so it is good for your eyes and it helps to grow.
•Vitamin B1 is in meat, porridge and bread. B1 is useful for the nervous system.
•Vitamins B6 and К are necessary for human blood. You can find B6 in beans and milk; К - in potatoes, tomatoes and carrots
Vitamin С is in every fruit and vegetable. You can find this vitamin in lemons, strawberries, oranges and grapefruits, onions, cabbages and beans. Vitamin С is important for building bones and teeth. It helps to prevent colds. Pumpkin is full of vitamin С and minerals. Eat it when you have problems with your skin.
•Vitamin D is in eggs. People can also get it from sunlight. It makes our bones strong.
•Vitamin E is necessary for skin and body. It's in bread and nuts.
Vitamins make people healthy, optimistic and strong.
I eat to live, but I don't live to eat. Choose healthy food.
Teacher: What do we know about healthy eating? Eating the proper foods is important to stay healthy. Do you agree with me? Look at this poster, read and get ready to answer my questions, to share your opinions.
На доске плакат
Рис. 1. Meat – helps you have a strong and healthy body by providing protein.
Рис. 2. Dairy – builds strong teeth and bones by providing calcium.
Рис. 3. Fruits/Vegetables – help you have healthy gums, good eyesight etc, by providing Vitamins A and С.
Рис. 4. Bread /Cereal – Gives you energy by providing protein, iron, and several В vitamins.
Рис. 5. Fats/Sugars – Fast sources of energy.
VI. The questions for discussion:
1. What are the five basic types of food a person should eat?
Answer: Meat, dairy, fruits, vegetables, bread, cereal, fats, sugar.
2. What foods contain carbohydrates?
Answer: Fruits, bread, cereals, rice, potatoes, peas, beans, sugar.
3. What does dairy build in our body?
Answer: Dairy builds strong teeth and bones by providing calcium.
4. Why are fruits and vegetables important for our health?
Answer: Fruits and vegetables help us have healthy gums, good eyesight by providing Vitamins A and C.
5. What do you usually eat for breakfast? What groups are the foods from? What do people in your country usually eat for breakfast?
Answer: I have... /I always have cereal for breakfast.
6. What do you usually have for dinner? What groups are the foods from? What do people in your country usually eat for dinner?
7. What do you usually eat for supper? What groups are the foods from? What do people in your country usually eat for supper?
8. What snacks are healthy for you to eat?
9. What is junk food? Give some examples.
Answer: I always/ never eat...
10. Is it healthy to skip meals?
Answer: No. It may affect your energy level and you might be weak, nervous (jumpy) or irritable (in a bad mood).
11. Why are fresh fruits and vegetables better for you than canned fruits and vegetables?
Answer: Fresh fruits and vegetables have more vitamins.
Teacher: So thank you very much for your work. Your homework is to read and translate the dialogue.
1.Complete the table.
milk, eggs, carrot
eyes, helps to grow, seeing in the dark
meat, porridge, bread
the nervous system
potatoes, tomatoes, carrots
lemons, strawberries, oranges, grapefruits, onions, cabbages, bean, pumpkin
building bones and teeth, prevent colds, skin
2. Complete the sentences using the table:
1. If a girl has some problems with her skin, she should eat .
2. If you have got a bad cold, you need vitamin which is in .
3. To make your bones strong you should eat _____and drink_____.
4. If you can hardly see in the dark, you should have every day.
5. You should have to make your nervous system work.
6. People need vitamins to be .
Check yourself- Самоконтроль
If a girl has some problems with her skin, she should eat pumpkin, bread and nuts.
2. If you have got a bad cold, you need vitamin C which is in . lemons, strawberries, oranges and grapefruits, onions, cabbages and beans, pumpkins.
3. To make your bones strong you should eat eggs and drink milk.
If you can hardly see in the dark, you should have green and yellow vegetables, milk and eggs every day.
You should have meat, porridge and bread to make your nervous system work.
People need vitamins to be healthy, optimistic and strong.
3.Make up statements by matching their two parts. Write them down.
1. In Latin "vita" means...
A)a letter of the alphabet
2. There are lots of vitamins...
B)in chips and other fast food
3. You can hardly find any useful vitamins
C)optimistic, healthy and strong
4. Vitamins are usually named by
D)in vegetables, fruit an other natural products
5. People need vitamins to be
Check yourself: Самоконтроль
VIII. Group work.
1.Контроль знаний лексического материала, навыков устной речи.
There are good and bad health habits. What are they? Match the cards.
(healthy diet, do sports, eating sweets, drinking alcohol, obesity, snacking, eating breakfast, smoking, taking drugs, skipping breakfast, exercising, eating high fiber food, physical inactivity, sleeping too much or too little, regular meals, eating whole meal bread, sleeping 7 or 8 hours, eating low fat food, getting up early)
1 group-Good habits 2 group-Bad habits
How do they influence our health and our appearance? What habits have you got more?
Good habits Bad habits
Exercising Drinking too much alcohol
Good plain food Smoking
Taking a cold shower Snacking
Personal hygiene Taking drugs
A healthy diet Physical inactivity
Eating too much sweets
2.Some bad habits are really deadly. How do they influence our health and our appearance?
Make up the sentences. Match the beginning of the sentences with their endings.
Smoking … causes slow reactions and loss of
Drinking alcohol … makes our teeth yellow and our
hair, clothes smell.
Taking drugs … they have problems with their hair and
If people smoke … causes a cough and headache.
Some teenagers look pale affects the whole family and the
and tired because … people around you.
makes your brain centres sleep
and affects your social controls.
they don’t get enough vitamins
makes our speech unclear.
they have anemia
Intellectual training: 1 baseball 2 badminton 3 gymnastics 4 hockey 5 basketball 6 football 7 tennis 8 judo 9 chess 10 table tennis 11 volleyball
IX. T: So today we have spoken about different problems concerning health. Now I want you to make a conclusion and make up health rules for you. Your friends, Parents foe everybody who wants to be healthy and happy. And I hope that you will continue to take care of your health in everyday life in future.
OUR HEALTH DEPENDS ON:
1) the food we eat
2) our good or bad habits
3) our physical activity
You have worked very well today.
Home task: Read the text p104 by Meiramova
So now I give you 3 puzzles. Which are red, green and yellow.
Do you like the lesson?- Choose a red one.
You don’t understand something – choose a green one.
You don’t like the lesson – choose a green one.
Thanks for your work. I hope our lesson will be useful for you. You should always remember that health is above wealth. Try to follow these rules and you will be strong? Healthy and study well.
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