The theme of the lesson: New Zealand. Climate. Flora and fauna. Geographical position. Population.
The aim of the lesson:
Образовательный компонент: формирование социокультурной компетенции через использование страноведческой информации на английском языке и познакомить учащихся с географическими особенностями Новой Зеландии.
Развивающий компонент: совершенствование навыков перевода и чтения незнакомого текста; развитие умений ознакомительного чтения.
Воспитательный компонент: способствовать воспитанию у учащихся уважительного отношения к истории и культуре другого народа.
1. Активизировать в речи учащихся лексику по теме.
2. Практиковать в устной речи (монолог, диалоги – расспрос)
3. Расширить знание учащихся о Новой Зеландии, ее географических особенностях.
4. Развивать УН извлекать из прочитанного текста необходимую информацию.
5.Воспитывать интерес к культуре и истории страны изучаемого языка.
The type of the lesson: Combined lesson
Methods of the lesson: showing, explaining, group work, individual work, question-answer.
The visual aids: lecture, table, pictures, interactive board.
Connection of the subjects: History, Russian, Geography, Biology.
Procedure of the lesson
I. Organization moment. Brainstorming: Good morning? Glad to see you! How are you? What date is it? Who is absent today? What problem has he (she)? Are you ready for the lesson? Let’s start!
II. Warming up.
a) Speech drill. Microphone
T: So students it's quite clear that the theme of our lesson is New Zealand. Please, imagine that this is a microphone and try to give answers to my questions. You can answer if you have a microphone, you can’t answer without it.
What interesting facts do you know about New Zealand?
Do you know any exotic animal in New Zealand?
Have you ever been to New Zealand?
Would you like to go to New Zealand some day?
b) Phonetic drill. T: Pupils, look at the blackboard and repeat the following words after me. We will need these words at our lesson today.
The Geographical names: New Zealand, Tasmania, North and South Islands and Steward Island, volcanoes Egmont and Tongariro , Auckland, Christchurch,Wellington, Maoris, Polynesian, aborigines, the Commonwealth, the Indian ocean, the Pacific ocean, Waikato ,the Wairu, Southern Alps, Mount Cook ,the kiwi.
III. Checking up the hometask. The make a report by internet.
IV. Main Part. Этап усвоения новых знаний (Purpose: become familiar with some information about another part of the English-speaking world)
T:Let’s watch the presentation and listen to the information about this unusual country. After that you will have to do some tasks. Today we’ll continue to discuss the main aspects of geographical position, population of New Zealand.
Ученики смотрят презентацию, слушают учителя, задают возникающие вопросы.
V. Read the text: New Zealand
Auckland [כ' : klәnd]-Окленд Maori[‘mauri]-маори Dunedin [d٨ ‘ni:dn]-Данидин
Christchurch [' kraist tς ә:tς]- Крайстчётч Polynesian [,pכ li’ni:zjәn]- полинизийский
What is the name of the country which has volcanoes and rivers of ice, deer and sea-elephants? It is New Zealand, called the Land of the Long White Cloud by the Maoris. New Zealand, an independent state and a member of the Commonwealth, is situated south-east of Australia in the Pacific Ocean. New Zealand is an island country. It is made up of three islands: the North and South Islands and Steward Island, a small land mass just to the south of the South Island. North Island is where you find the Maoris, the fine people who lived in these islands hundreds of years before the white man came. Most of its people live in North Island, and that is where you find big volcanoes like Egmont and Tongariro and the boiling pools and geysers and lakes of bubbling mud. Auckland, Christchurch and Wellington are the biggest cities. Wellington is the capital. It is a financial centre too. The population of New Zealand is over three million people, more than two thirds of whom live in North Island. The Maori people make up eight per cent of the total population. The official language is English.
The Maoris, a Polynesian people, are the aborigines of New Zealand. After long stays in Indonesia and the South Pacific, which they explored for many years, they made their great journey to New Zealand about the middle of the 14th century. They sailed in double canoes open to all weathers. They knew the winds, the ocean currents and the stars, and this earned them the name of Vikings of the Sunrise. The Maoris are famous for their folk-songs, music and dances; they are very skilled in wood-work.
South Island is larger than North Island and has the highest mountains. There you can find the snow-capped Southern Alps, rising 3.764 meters to the tip of Mount Cook (named after Captain Cook, of course, because he visited the islands before sailing on westwards and discovering the eastern coast of Australia). South Island is very beautiful with its Alps and lakes, its glaciers and fiords. Have you ever heard of Milford Sound? That is one of the most picturesque of the fiords, with cliffs rising straight up out of the water, the whole scene reflected in the water. Down there, too, are the Sunderland Falls, where water drops six hundred meters, making these falls one of the highest waterfalls in the whole world? There are many rivers and lakes in the country. The chief rivers are the Waikato and the Wairu. New Zealand's rivers are short.So you can see there is plenty to look at in New Zealand. Plenty of things to do for tourists, because New Zealand is also famous for its fishing, snow sports, mountaineering, sailing and hiking.
The climate of New Zealand is moist. The climate in New Zealand is warm and the greater part of the country is well watered. There are good forests of evergreen trees and large areas are rich grasslands. New Zealand's climate with rainfalls all the year round, is very favourable for dairying, sheep-farming and cattle-farming, as well as growing fruit, vegetables and flowers. The climate is pleasant at all seasons, without much difference between winter and summer. New Zealand does not have the terrible heat of Australian summers; the oceans temper its climate and the mountains bring down quite a lot of rain.
What do the people do? Farm mostly. New Zealand exports wool, meat, butter. Dairy products, meat and wool are the main exports. New Zealand ranks second only to Australia as an exporter of wool. There are many factories there too, with hydro-electric stations to produce the power for them.
The capital of New Zealand since 1865 and one of its busiest ports, Wellington is at southern end of North Island, lying among hills on the western side of a natural harbor. It is the third largest city in New Zealand. Auckland (the former capital) is the first largest city, and Christchurch is the second.
The Maori name for Wellington Harbor means the great bay of Tara. According to Maori legend, Tara was the first Polynesian settler in this place. But Nicholson (after a Royal Navy captain) was the name given to it by the first British settlers, and it is still sometimes called by this name.
In 1839 a British officer bought the site of Wellington from the Maoris; he got it in exchange for blankets and some other unimportant things. In 1840 the first settlers arrived and called their settlement Britannia. By 1842 there were 3.700 colonists in the settlement and Britannia had become Wellington.
New Zealand has very few native animals. The kiwi is rather an unusual bird found only in New Zealand. It has no tail, almost no wings, and its nostrils are situated near the end of its bill. No other bird lays an egg so large in proportion to its size. Its egg is about one fifth of its own weight. This is a tremendous size. The kiwi, a bird which lives in the forest and does not fly, is found nowhere else in the world. The kiwi is the national emblem of New Zealand.
The main cities in North Island are Auckland, the largest city and port, and Wellington, the capital. Christchurch and Dunedin are the most important towns in South Island. New Zealand is sometimes called “The Britain of the Pacific”, because the cities and towns of the country resemble very much those of England.
New Zealand is rich in minerals. There are some main industries in the country, for example, iron and steel industry. The country has gas and petroleum. Forests of exotic pines near the centre of New Zealand's North Island cover an area of more than 160000 hectares. This is the largest single continuous area of planted forest in the world. New Zealand has more than four hundred thousand hectares of planted forests.The most important wood is pine, which grows five times faster in New Zealand than in its native habitat in California, USA.
VI. Answer the following questions:
1. Where is New Zealand situated?
2. What islands does it consist of?
3. On which island are there many lakes?
4. What sea washes the western coast of New Zealand?
5. What is the highest mountainous range?
6. What is the national emblem of New Zealand?
7. What is the capital?
8. What are the main cities?
9. What is the nickname of New Zealand?
10. Which city resembles Edinburgh?
11. What is the population of New Zealand?
12. Who are the Maoris?
13. What are they famous for?
14. What is New Zealand called by the Maoris?
15. Are there many geysers in New Zealand?
16. What unusual bird is found in New Zealand?
17. What does New Zealand export?
18. Who was Tara according to Maori legend?
VII. Solve the puzzle “NEW ZEALAND”
VII. Grammar revision.
So now I give you 3 puzzles. Which are red, green and yellow.
Do you like the lesson?- Choose a red one.
You don’t understand something – choose a green one.
You don’t like the lesson – choose a green one.
Thanks for your work. I hope our lesson will be useful for you.
At home Learn the new words Text p393-394 by Meiramova.
Now our lesson is over. Thank you for your active work. You are really industrious. It was very pleasant to listen to your answers.
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