1. Read the text and translate it
Saint Valentine’s Day
Valentine’s Day has always been the day dedicated to lovers. There are many stories about how Valentine’s Day started. Here are some of them.
There are several legends about St.Valentine’s Day. One of the legends says that Valentine was Christian priest who lived in the third century A.D. He was put into prison by roman authorities for his teachings and was beheaded on February 14. According to the legend he performed a miracle – he cured his jailer’s daughter of her blindness. Before the execution he wrote her a letter signed “From Your Valentine”.
According to another legend, Valentine was an Italian bishop who lived at about the same time. He was thrown into prison because he secretly married couples, contrary to the laws of Roman Empire. The legend says that he was burnt at the stake.
February 14 was also a Roman holiday. On this day young men randomly chose the name of the girl to escort to the festival. The custom of choosing a sweetheart on this day became very popular in the medieval Europe. Later this custom spread to American colonies.
Now, St.Valentine’s Day is the day of sweethearts. In Great Britain on the eve of St.Valentine’s Day, women used to pin four bay leaves to the corner of their pillow and then eat boiled eggs with salt. They believed they would dream of their future husbands. Another custom was to write the names of eligible young men on pieces of paper and stick them to balls of clay. They would then drop them into water and watch and wait. The first name to rise first would, they believed be their future husband. These days it is more customary to send your secret love an unsigned greetings card, in the hope that he or she will know who sent it and send a card return.
Most people in the United States treat Valentine’s Day as an opportunity to express their feeling towards their loved one or to offer the hand of friendship to others. However, a popular trend these days is to send an “anti-Valentine” card. These cards either contain an insulting message (to your enemy) or to say goodbye (to your existing partner. If you receive a card with the massage C-Ya! (See you!), it means your boyfriend or girlfriend wants to end your relationship.
2. Answer the following questions:
What do the legends say about St.Valentine’s Day?
What did the Roman do on this day?
What did women in Gr. Britain do on the Eve of St.Valentine’s Day?
What is customary for this day in Great Britain?
What is an “anti-Valentine” card?
3. Find the English equivalents:
Традиция; приколоть лавровый лист; отправить анонимную открытку; возможность выразить чувство; оскорбительное послание; разорвать отношения.
4. Unscramble the words
Love, heart, cake, Valentine,
Red, February, kiss, card,
Party, dear, pink
5. Write a Valentine card to your friend, relatives, enemy
6. Write the story
Use some of the words to write a Valentine story
Valentine decorate cupid streamers arrow live darling party gift wrapped candy ribbons flowers funny exchange secret admire danced bow games adore verse lovely thoughtful written tasty sweetheart heart roses pretty handmade blush bought poem sweets
Insert prepositions where necessary:
One … the legends says that Valentine was Christian priest who lived … the 3d century A.D.
According … the legend he performed a miracle.
He was put … prison …roman authorities …his teachings and was beheaded … February 14.
The custom … choosing a sweetheart … this day became very popular … the medieval Europe.
… Great Britain … the eve … St.Valentine’s Day, women used to pin four bay leaves … the corner … their pillow and then eat boiled eggs … salt.
If you receive a card … the massage C-Ya! (See you!), it means your boyfriend or girlfriend wants to end your relationship.
Another custom was to write the names … eligible young men … pieces … paper and stick them … balls … clay.
Многие ученые утверждают, что праздники существовали еще в доисторические времена, а начиная с каменного века, праздник стал постоянным элементом человеческой культуры. Складывались праздничные торжества в процессе трудовой деятельности человека, поэтому в их основе лежит богатейший людской опыт, связанный с освоением природы и окружающей среды.
Методическая разработка по английскому языку на тему "День Святого Валентина" предназначена для дополнительных занятий студентов 1,2 курсов и включает в себя текст для чтения и перевода, а также различные задания и вопросы к тексту, направленные на совершенствование грамматических навыков и освоение новых лексических единиц.
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