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«The Development of communicative competencе and methods of teaching English »

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teaching English »


Amandykova Gulnar Nabigalievna.

The English Teacher of Pedagogical College named after Zh.Dosmukhamedov


«We need the English language to enter the global arena.»

Nazarbayev N. A.

President Nursultan Nazarbayev has called Kazakhstan citizens to learn three languages - Kazakh, Russian and English."Knowledge of three languages should become a standard practice for us. We are teaching (these languages to) our children starting from their first year at school," he said. Nazarbayev emphasized that all the Kazakhstan citizens should strive to know their national language. “Lifting of one nation through humiliation of other nation is unacceptable. That is why I am talking about trilingualism," he said. "Kazakhstan has to know its official language – the Kazakh language. The Russian language is the language of our big neighbor and one of the six UN languages. This language enabled us to access the great literature, the great culture. That is why we should not forget it, or put it aside, every language is wealth for a person,” the President said. Out of 10 million books published in the world 85% are in English. The science, all the new developments and information - they are all in English nowadays,” said the President. He added that there were 3500 foreign companies in Kazakhstan and the local citizens needed English to communicate with them and use the equipment they bring into the country. There are many methods of teaching languages. Some have fallen into relative obscurity and others are widely used; still others have a small following, but offer useful insights. There are three principal views

  1. The structural view treats language as a system of structurally related elements to code meaning (e.g. grammar).

  2. The functional view sees language as a vehicle to express or accomplish a certain function, such as requesting something.

  3. The interactive view sees language as a vehicle for the creation and maintenance of social relations, focusing on patterns of moves, acts, negotiation and interaction found in conversational exchanges. This view has been fairly dominant since the 1980s.

Teaching English we, the English teachers must find a competent approach to students. What is competence? Competence can be described as the combination of training, skills, experience and knowledge that a person has and their ability to apply them to perform a task safely. Other factors, such as attitude and physical ability, can also affect someone’s competence. Competence indicates sufficiency of knowledge and skills that enable someone to act in a wide variety of situations. Because each level of responsibility has its own requirements, competence,can occur in any period of a person's life or at any stage of his or her career. Synonyms: = able, skilled, capable, clever, endowed, proficient; = fit, qualified, equal, appropriate, suitable, sufficient, adequate, A competent person should not be chosen lightly, experts say, because he or she needs to be qualified to identify the hazards associated with a particular operation. For instance, if work is being performed on scaffolding, the competent person must be knowledgeable about scaffolding hazards.This knowledge can come from a person’s skills, experience and training.What Is a Competent Teacher? A competent teacher could be described as one whose students show significant progress and gains in their various subjects. A competent teacher must also be an inspirational leader with lots of motivational techniques. Sound judgement and good sense are requisite skills too. One of the most serious and comprehensive methods of learning a foreign language - lingvosotsiocultural, involving an appeal to such a component, as a social and cultural environment. Proponents firmly believe that language loses life when teachers and students aim to acquire a "lifeless" lexical and grammatical forms. Someone said that "a person - it is a product of culture." Language - as well. And it convincingly confirm our language mistakes. The student may use any English grammatically correct expression of The Queen and Her relatives, but the British could hardly understand what they mean The Royal Family; or, for example, such a phrase as “hero - is the spokesman of the author's ideas” were translated as "The hero is the loudspeaker of the author ", which ideally wanted to be used as " mouthpiece ". Such oddities are common. Turn to the more subtle matter: for example, if our compatriot, superficially know the language, the difference between the expressions Don't you want to go? and Would you like to go? not very large, it is principled for the British, because the first he perceives as not the best tone. Familiar to our business communication What issues are you interested in? often translated as "What problems are you interested in?", without matter that the English word "problems" has negative meaning. Correct question will be heard as: "What issues are you interested in?" Schools and colleges should form an integral system of universal knowledge and skills as well as self-employment and personal responsibility of students, that is the key competencies that define the modern quality education.

I held such lessons for the students of the professions as: «Tailor - Universal», «Tour Manager», «Cooker». The themes of the lessons : «Ecology. Modal Verbs.», «Travelling. Degrees of Comparison of Adjectives.», «Shopping. Possessive and Reflexive Pronouns», etc.

«Ecology. Modal Verbs.» The lesson plan:

Educational aims: to get some information about the ecology, enriching knowledge about it to teach students to make sentences using modal verbs. Bringing-up aims: to teach students to express their opinions , to be organized protect our nature. Developing aims: to develop computer skills, to teach to be more active using the interactive whiteboard, to teach them to be patriots of their country and to protect nature. Equipment: a computer, pictures, cards ,diagrams .


Interaction: Kazakh, Russian, Geography, Chemistry, Technology, Computer studies. The type of the lesson: grouping .



Good afternoon students! You may sit down! Who is on duty today? Is anybody absent today? Thank you .

II. Games a) warm-up

Dear students! Please, look at the pictures! What is this? (what can you see in this picture?) (students answer the questions and describe environmental pictures) In this picture we can see… (ecological problems, air pollution, water pollution , litter, etc.)


That’s all right, thank you. Please, answer my question!

What is Ecology?

pollution environment sewage


to protect ECOLOGY process

litter raw urgent

Now, open your exercise-books and write down the date please! And the theme of the lesson is « ECOLOGY» b) Checking-up the home task.

Level tasks I. ▲ Fill the missing letter:

Group “A” Group “B”

s-lve, enviro-ment, to prote-t, env-ronmental, pollu-ion, r-w, lit-er.

ur-ent. ecolo-y. □ 2) Match the Kazakh words and phrases with the English:

Exercise 6 . page 82. (textbook)

О 3) Give the English equivalents and the transcriptions of the the words:

судың ластануы- ауаның ластануы- жедел- тұрып қалған су-

мәселені шешу- қорық-

өсімдік- өңдеу-

қоқыс өңдейтін зауыт - қауіп-қатер төну-


Level tasks II ( Modal verbs)

Read and translate:

1) I can knit. 1) I can play computer games.

2) She can sew the dress. 2) He can speak English.

Make negative ones:

1) Robots can do a lot of things. 1) My sister may go to the theatre.

2) You may go home. 2) He can play tennis

О Make sentences and ask questions:

1) can, sew, we, shirts. 1) can, brother, speak, Russian,

2) my, play, the, can, sister, piano 2) read, can, they, English.

C) Work on the text and the diagram:

Fibre is thin, long, flexible and strong thing. Fibre is devided into two groups:

natural and chemical. Fibre

natural chemical

in nature

artificial factory


plants flax synthetic

cotton , wood capron

Translate these word-combinations:

таза талшық- химиялық талшық-

талшықты өңдеу- жасанды талшықтар-

Now, repeat after me in chorus!

III. Giving the home task (write the Russian and English equivalents of the types of fabric)

IV.Conclusion. (talking about the use of the natural fabric)

What is the use of the fabric? (It is soft, warm, strong and comfortable)

V. Giving marks for the lesson.

The lesson is over. Thank you very much. Good-bye!

My report is devoted to the methods of teaching English.
Language came into life as a mean of communication. It exists and is alive only through speech. When we speak about teaching a foreign language, we first of all have in mind teaching it as a mean of communication.
In teaching speech the teacher has to cope with two tasks. They are: to teach his pupils to understand the foreign language and to teach them to speak the language. So, speech is a bilateral process. It includes hearing, on the one hand, and speaking, on the other. When we say "hearing" we mean auding or listening and comprehension.
Speaking exists in two forms: dialogue and monologue.
My purpose here is to explore the interactive methods of teaching English that have attracted the attention of the teachers in recent years, to show reason for interest in them, in what they are exploring, in what they accomplish, the principles and ideas that guide them.
I shall make a lesson plan and during the lesson   I shall experience the interactive methods of teaching which give the foreign language teacher the possibility to master some new techniques of communicative methods of foreign language training. Teacher has to organize different forms of activity at the foreign language classes that is individual, pair, group and team.
Literature:

The communicative method of teaching the speaking foreign language/ E.I.Passov- M: education, 1991.

Magazine “Foreigner”, 2003 http://enative.narod.ru/theory/methods/prepod.htm

Methods of teaching English. http://www.native-english.ru/articles/prepod



«The Development of communicative competencе and methods of teaching English »
  • Иностранные языки
Описание:

The English Teacher of   Pedagogical College named after Zh.Dosmukhamedov

 

«We need the English language to enter the global arena.»

Nazarbayev N. A.

 

President Nursultan Nazarbayev has called Kazakhstan citizens to learn three languages - Kazakh, Russian and English."Knowledge of three languages should become a standard practice for us. We are teaching (these languages to) our children starting from their first year at school," he said. Nazarbayev emphasized that all the Kazakhstan citizens should strive to know their national language. “Lifting of one nation through humiliation of other nation is unacceptable. That is why I am talking about trilingualism," he said. "Kazakhstan has to know its official language – the Kazakh language. The Russian language is the language of our big neighbor and one of the six UN languages. This language enabled us to access the great literature, the great culture. That is why we should not forget it, or put it aside, every language is wealth for a person,” the President said. Out of 10 million books published in the world 85% are in English. The science, all the new developments and information - they are all in English nowadays,” said the President. He added that there were 3500 foreign companies in Kazakhstan and the local citizens needed English to communicate with them and use the equipment they bring into the country. There are many methods of teaching languages. Some have fallen into relative obscurity and others are widely used; still others have a small following, but offer useful insights. 

Автор Амандыкова Гульнар Набигалиевна
Дата добавления 14.03.2015
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Другое
Просмотров 544
Номер материала 58001
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