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Текст на английском языке

Edinburgh


When we tell somebody about Great Britain, we couldn’t help mentioning such its interesting constituent as Scotland which is considered to be a land of mysterious lakes, called lochs, fabulous musical instruments, named bagpipes and courageous men, dressed in checked skirts and berets with feathers called tam-o’-shanter. We can imagine that the capital of Scotland is distinguished by remarkable places of interest, exciting history of the past and modern style of life being full of commercial activity, cultural events and communications of ordinary citizens.

So, Edinburgh is one of the most distinctive and widely recognized cities in the world. Two things usually come as a surprise to first time visitors: that the city is situated in three dimensions because it was built on and around the hills, and that this city has very compact center which is small enough to be explored on foot.

To begin with the history of this city it was founded by people called Votadini or Gododdini in 638 AD. That time it was called Din Eldyn. Then the Angles who defeated them gave this city their own anglicizing name Edinburgh. For more than a thousand years the city grew around the line of the upper parts of the Royal Mile, its main street. This resulted in the world’s first high buildings and at the time its highest population density.

One of the oldest buildings in Edinburgh is its Castle which occupies the top of volcanic rock towering 80 meters above the city. It can be visible for ten miles in every direction. It looks as a fairytale castle growing organically out of the living rock beneath it. Edinburgh castle started to develop into a royal fortress during the reign of David I from 1124 to 1153. For some time it served as a house for the royal family. At the beginning of the 16th century the Palace of Holyroodhouse was built as a more comfortable palace in peaceful times. Edinburgh Castle remains a military base today, but it is also the most popular place of tourist attraction. Its position on a high rock makes it possible to enjoy the beauty of remarkable views of Edinburgh.

Visitors of Scotland can’t imagine this country without traditional Scottish whisky. Every one has a chance to appreciate this hot drink visiting the Scotch Whisky Experience, a visitor’s attraction located not far from Edinburgh Castle. Parts of the Experience are open without an admission fee to anyone who wants to drop in to the superb shop on the ground floor, Amber Restaurant, which offers daytime dinner and coffee shop menus and the bar which offers 300 different types of Scottish whisky. The Scottish Whisky Experience also has its own Training School for those involved in the industry, or for anyone else who wants to expand and deepen their knowledge of Scotch whisky. But the heart of the Experience is its interactive tour. This starts in the reception area where visitors are taught how to taste the real whisky and then they are taken through a series of different aspects of this drink including such things as the unique flavour, the ingredients and the difference between grain and malt whisky, the different steps in production process. The highlight of a visit is the Scotch Whisky Barrel Ride, visitors take the cars with walls formed from barrels and they are taken through a series of sights, sound and smell that remind about over 300 years of the history of Scotch whisky. Here you can meet Robert Burns and a drinking companion; Sir Walter Scott and King George IV who helped turn Scotch whisky into profitable industry.

Many cities are hilly. But while Edinburgh is not unique in having hills, there can be very few cities that can boast anything quite as spectacular as Holyrood Park. Holyrood Park occupies some 650 acres, is roughly circular in shape, and measures about a mile across in any direction. The origins of Holyrood Park date back some 340 million years to the early Carboniferous period when a volcano erupted here. Over the following tens of millions of years the evidence of the eruption was buried in thick layers of sediment. In 1541, Holyrood Park was enclosed as a Royal Park. Today's Holyrood Park is looked after as an ancient monument by Historic Scotland. The most popular spot in the park is the summit of Arthur's Seat. The views from here are truly magnificent, extending for many miles in every direction.

In the 1970s dissatisfaction with conditions in the Old Town led to the construction of a huge extension of the city to the north. So, today the Old Town is home to many of the historical attraction like the castle or palace. The Royal Mile is also home to the National War Museum, the Scotch Whisky Experience and to a range of fascinating pubs, cafes and shops. At the foot of the Royal Mile is the new Scottish Parliament building. In the new town you can find most of Edinburgh’s excellent range of shops, the main railway station Waverley, the Royal botanical garden and Edinburgh zoo.

The National War Museum was established in 1930 to form part of a lasting memorial to the sacrifice made by so many Scottish people during the World War I. The museum is divided into a series of thematic sections. The first, “a nation in arms”, studies the way Scotland’s military experience has helped shape the nation as a whole. Most attention is paid to the difficult relations between Scotland and England. “A grand life for Scotsman” tells why so many Scottish became sailors, soldiers or pilots and the impact they had on the British armed forces. “Tools of the trade” looks at the clothing and equipment and weapons of individual servicemen and the way they developed over time.

The Scottish Parliament building was opened for business and to the public in autumn 2004. The first session of Scottish Parliament took place on July 1, 1999, almost 290 years after 1707 when Scotland had lost its independence. Now it is open to visitors 6 days a week almost all year round and admission is free. When there are no sessions of Parliament it is possible to visit Debating Chamber where these sessions take place. On business days admission to the public gallery of debating chamber is by ticket.

The Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, known locally as the "Botanics", is an important element of any visit to Edinburgh, whatever the time of year. The plants grown at the Botanics represent nearly 17,000 different species from all over the world, or about 7% of all known plant species. And people travel to Scotland from all over the world to see them, to appreciate them, and to learn about them. The herbarium, a collection of preserved plants dating back to 1697, contains over two million specimens. There is also a 100,000 book botanical library on site.

Edinburgh Zoo can be found on the western side of Edinburgh, three miles from the city centre. Despite its large size, the zoo is very easy to overlook. Today the zoo plays a significant role in the safeguarding of species endangered in the wild, and you come away with the sense that although visitors do have the privilege of looking in on the lives of many of its residents, the emphasis is on making those lives as pleasant and "wild" as captivity allows. Penguins first arrived at Edinburgh Zoo in 1914and now you can see them in the pool, built in 1930. Nearby is the monkey house and, in late 2007, the temporary home of the chimpanzees.

Part of what gives Edinburgh such distinctive atmosphere is its large student population. It is home for four universities: University of Edinburgh, Herriot-Watt University, Napier University and Queen Margaret University. Besides, there is also a thriving art college called Edinburgh College of Art.

All in all, Edinburgh is one of the most famous cities in Great Britain, and one of the most popular places of visiting in the world.


Questions to the text:

  1. What are the main markers of Scotland?

  2. What do you know about the history of Edinburgh?

  3. Why is Edinburgh Castle situated on the highest hill?

  4. Where can you taste famous Scotch whisky?

  5. Whom can you meet while having an excursion to Whisky Experience?

  6. When was Hollyrood Park formed?

  7. What is the most popular place in this park?

  8. Which exhibits can we see in the National War Museum?

  9. When was the new building of Scottish Parliament opened?

  10. Is it possible to visit this building while sessions of the Parliament?

  11. How many plants are represented in Botanical Garden?

  12. What role does the local zoo play in conservation of wild life?



Task to the text:

Try to match the words for making appropriate phrases and then make a sentence with them:

to be explored, an admission fee, a lasting memorial, to overlook, in three dimensions, remarkable views, to expand and deepen, preserved plants, species endangered


  1. to be situated___________

  2. ________________on foot

  3. to enjoy the beauty of ___________

  4. to open without _______________

  5. to want _____________one’s knowledge

  6. __________________to the sacrifice

  7. a collection of _______________

  8. to be very easy _______________

  9. ____________________in the wild





Edinburgh


When we tell somebody about Great Britain, we couldn’t help mentioning such its interesting constituent as Scotland which is considered to be a land of mysterious lakes, called lochs, fabulous musical instruments, named bagpipes and courageous men, dressed in checked skirts and berets with feathers called tam-o’-shanter. We can imagine that the capital of Scotland is distinguished by remarkable places of interest, exciting history of the past and modern style of life being full of commercial activity, cultural events and communications of ordinary citizens.

So, Edinburgh is one of the most distinctive and widely recognized cities in the world. Two things usually come as a surprise to first time visitors: that the city is situated in three dimensions because it was built on and around the hills, and that this city has very compact center which is small enough to be explored on foot.

To begin with the history of this city it was founded by people called Votadini or Gododdini in 638 AD. That time it was called Din Eldyn. Then the Angles who defeated them gave this city their own anglicizing name Edinburgh.

One of the oldest buildings in Edinburgh is its Castle which occupies the top of volcanic rock towering 80 meters above the city. It can be visible for ten miles in every direction. It looks as a fairytale castle growing organically out of the living rock beneath it. Edinburgh castle started to develop into a royal fortress during the reign of David I in the 12th century. For some time it served as a house for the royal family. At the beginning of the 16th century the Palace of Holyroodhouse was built as a more comfortable palace in peaceful times. Edinburgh Castle remains a military base today, but it is also the most popular place of tourist attraction. Its position on a high rock makes it possible to enjoy the beauty of remarkable views of Edinburgh.

Visitors of Scotland can’t imagine this country without traditional Scottish whisky. Every one has a chance to appreciate this hot drink visiting the Scotch Whisky Experience. Parts of the Experience are open without an admission fee to anyone who wants to drop in. The Scottish Whisky Experience also has its own Training School for those involved in the industry, or for anyone else who wants to expand and deepen their knowledge of Scotch whisky. But the heart of the Experience is its interactive tour. This starts in the reception area where visitors are taught how to taste the real whisky. The highlight of a visit is the Scotch Whisky Barrel Ride, visitors take the cars with walls formed from barrels and they are taken through a series of sights, sound and smell that remind about over 300 years of the history of Scotch whisky. Here you can meet Robert Burns and a drinking companion; Sir Walter Scott and King George IV who helped turn Scotch whisky into profitable industry.

Many cities are hilly. But while Edinburgh is not unique in having hills, there can be very few cities that can boast anything quite as spectacular as Holyrood Park. Holyrood Park occupies some 650 acres. The origins of Holyrood Park date back some 340 million years ago when a volcano erupted here. Over the following tens of millions of years the evidence of the eruption was buried in thick layers of sediment. Today's Holyrood Park is looked after as an ancient monument by Historic Scotland. The most popular spot in the park is the summit of Arthur's Seat.

So, today the Old Town is home to many of the historical attraction like the castle or palace. The Royal Mile is also home to the National War Museum, the Scotch Whisky Experience and to a range of fascinating pubs, cafes and shops. At the foot of the Royal Mile is the new Scottish Parliament building. In the new town that was built to improve housing conditions of rich Scotsmen, you can find most of Edinburgh’s excellent range of shops, the Royal botanical garden and Edinburgh zoo.

The National War Museum was established in 1930 to form part of a lasting memorial to the sacrifice made by so many Scottish people during the World War I. The museum is divided into a series of thematic sections such as “a nation in arms”, studying the way Scotland’s military experience has helped shape the nation as a whole, “A grand life for Scotsman” telling why so many Scottish became sailors, soldiers or pilots, “Tools of the trade” looking at the clothing and equipment and weapons of individual servicemen and the way they developed over time.

The Scottish Parliament building was opened for business and to the public in autumn 2004. The first session of Scottish Parliament took place on July 1, 1999, almost 290 years after Scotland had lost its independence. Now it is open to visitors 6 days a week almost all year round and admission is free. When there are no sessions of Parliament it is possible to visit Debating Chamber where these sessions take place.

The Royal Botanic Garden of Edinburgh, known locally as the "Botanics", is an important element of any visit to Edinburgh. The plants grown at the Botanics represent nearly 17,000 different species from all over the world. And people travel to Scotland from all over the world to see them, to appreciate them, and to learn about them. The herbarium, dating back to 1697, contains over two million specimens. There is also a 100,000 book botanical library on site.

Edinburgh Zoo can be found on the western side of Edinburgh. Despite its large size, the zoo is very easy to overlook. Today the zoo plays a significant role in the safeguarding of species endangered in the wild. Penguins first arrived at Edinburgh Zoo in 1914 and now you can see them in the pool, built in 1930. Nearby are the monkey house and, the temporary home of the chimpanzees.

Edinburgh has large student population. It is home for four universities: University of Edinburgh, Herriot-Watt University, Napier University and Queen Margaret University. Besides, there is also a thriving art college called Edinburgh College of Art.

All in all, Edinburgh is one of the most famous cities in Great Britain, and one of the most popular places of visiting in the world.




















Remake the following sentences using Complex subject.


  1. It was announced that the terrorist had captured several hostages.

  2. It is expected that the exhibition of modern art will attract a big audience.

  3. It was reported that the President of Russia had taken part in this Summit.

  4. It is known that Americans are working over a new cosmic program now.

  5. It is mentioned that a lot of new computer programs are created in Microsoft Company.

  6. People consider the housing conditions in this district to be very comfortable.

  7. It is believed that the poem was written by an unknown ancient poet.

  8. It seemed that the quarrel was coming to an end.

  9. It appeared that he had lost his confidence.

  10. It turned out that my proposals were correct.

  11. It was happened that one day Romeo saw Juliet and fell in love with her.

  12. It turned out that the translation of this article was quite easy.

  13. I am not sure that she will change her opinion.

  14. I’m sure that this course of treatment will help my granny to recover.







Текст на английском языке
  • Иностранные языки
Описание:

Разработка текста об Эдинбурге на английском языке и заданий к нему для учащихся 8-9 классов. Разработка содержит оригинальный текст на английском языке, посвященном столице Шотландии с тписанием наиболее интересных мест в данном городе и его истории.

После текста даны ряд упражнений на проверку понимания, а именно вопросы к тексту, а также задание на составление фраз из текста с пропущенными словами. Кроме того, дано упражнение на повторение грамматической темы "Сложное дополнение".

Данная разработка может быть использована как дополнительная информация на уроках английского языка.

Автор Минакова Людмила Юрьевна
Дата добавления 07.01.2015
Раздел Иностранные языки
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Просмотров 1904
Номер материала 39669
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