P A S S I V E V O I C E.
Cars are made in Japan.
Japan makes cars.
was/were + V3(ed)
He was promoted by the boss.
The boss promoted him.
shall/will be + V3
You will be given a test by your teacher.
The teacher will give you a test.
am/is/are being +V3 (ed)
The matter is still being considered.
They are still considering the matter
has/have been +V3
He has been well advised by you.
You have advised him well.
had been + V3 (ed)
The work had been finished by June.
They had finished the work by June.
shall/will have been + V3 (ed)
He will have been promoted in a few years time.
They will have promoted him in a few years time.
modal verb + be +V3 (ed)
The theory must be proved.
They must prove the theory.
to be going to(future)
am/is/are + going to be + V3 (ed)
The factory is going to be closed.
They are going to close the factory.
E X E R C I S E S:
E.g. Volkswagen cars (make) Germany. – Volkswagen cars are made in Germany.
1. a lot of rice (eat) India ___________________________________________________________
2. Coca - Cola (produce) USA ________________________________________________________
3. tea (produce) China ___________________________________________________________
4. frogs (eat) France ____________________________________________________________
5. coffee (grow) Brazil ____________________________________________________________
2). Make sentences:
E.g. Oliver Twist was written by Charles Dickens.
Oliver Twist (write) Leonardo da Vinci Oliver Twist was written by Leonardo da Vinci.
The Mona Lisa (paint) Alexander the Great ___________________________________________
The Eiffel Tower (build) Charles Dickens ___________________________________________
Carmen (compose) Georges Bizet ___________________________________________
Alexandria (found) Gustave Eiffel ___________________________________________
America (discover) Christopher Columbus ___________________________________________
3). Choose the correct variant:
E.g. English is spoken in Canada.
1. English speaks / spoken /is spoken in Canada.
2. I studied / was studied French for three years at school.
3. We spent / was spent too much money on holidays.
4. This window broke / was broken by the little boy.
5. Her clothes made / are made in Paris.
6. This book written / was written by my aunt.
7. The new university will open / will opened / will be opened next year.
8. He was driving / was driven fast and stopped / was stopped by the police.
4). Use the Passive Voice:
E.g. Mary washed the dishes. - The dishes were washed by Mary.
1 The children didn’t turn off the kettle. __________________________________________________
2.Children often feed the birds in winter.___________________________________________________
3 Lisa planted a lot of flowers a month ago.________________________________________________
4.Children usually make experiments at the Chemistry lessons.
5.Jane baked a cake yesterday. _________________________________________________________
6.The children didn’t clean the forest after the picnic. ___________________________________________________________________________________
7. Jack’s mother usually buys food. _____________________________________________________
5). Open the brackets:
E.g. 1. This newspaper article has been written (to write) by a famous observer.
2. His last book __________________ (to publish) two years ago.
3. A new rich library ___________________ (to open) next year.
4. English _________________ (to speak) all over the world .
5. Our school ____________________ (to build) in 2000.
6. The sounds __________________ (to hear) from behind the door.
6). Use Active or Passive:
History of English.
During the 400’s, modern England ___________ (to invade) by the people, who lived along the North Sea. These people _________ (to be) the Angles, Saxons and Jutes. Old English _____ (to speak) between 500 and 1100. It _______ (to be) a mixture of the Germanic languages of the Angles, Jutes and Saxons.
In 1066, people from France called Normans _______(to invade) England. Their leader, William, _____ (to become) king of England. Many French words ________ ( to add). This language _______ ( to call) Middle English.
By about 1485, the language people ________ (to speak) in England ______(to be) more like the English that _________(to speak) today. This _______(to know) as Modern English. Explorers and colonists _______________ (to spread) English throughout the world. Today English, as a native language, ________________ (to speak) by more than 400 million people.
7). Make up sentences using the Passive Voice:
E.g. St. Paul’s Cathedral / build /Christopher Wren =
St. Paul’s Cathedral was built by Christopher Wren.
1.Eugen Paton / construct / bridge _______________________________________________________
2.Miss Marple / create / A. Christie ______________________________________________________
3.Coca Cola / invent / 1886 ____________________________________________________________
4.Croissants / make / France ____________________________________________________________
5.Kilt / wear / Scotland ____________________________________________________________
8) Find the correct verb. Fill in: A postman, a doctor, a zookeeper, a butcher, a baker, a milkmaid, a grocer, a dustman, a pilot, a miner.
Mind the Verbs:
Bring - brought - brought sell - sold - sold
Buy - bought - bought Fly - flew - flown
Make - made - made
The verbs to cure, to mine, to look after, to collect are regular.
E.g. 1. Letters and parcels are brought to your home by a postman.
2. Meat is _____________ from the ________________.
3. When you are ill, you are ______________ by the_________.
4. Milk is ____________ to your home by the ______________.
5. Coal is ____________ from the earth by the _____________.
6. The animals at the zoo are __________after by the __________.
7. Bread, buns and cakes are ____________ by the __________.
8. Rubbish is ___________ from your house by the ___________.
9. Bacon, cheese, jam, tea, sugar are _________ by the ________.
10. Aeroplanes are _________ all over the world by ___________
9). Dishes and Tools. Match:
Nails are driven with a milkjug
Wood is chopped with a hammer
Milk is kept in an axe
Bread is cut with a spoon
Meat is eaten with a nail
Soup is eaten with a mug
Pieces of wood are joined together with a fork
Water is drunk from a knife
Paper is cut with a saw
The ground is dug with an iron
Water for tea is boiled in a tea-pot
Sugar is kept in pincers
Coffee is made in a sugar basin
Tea is drunk from a spoon
A cup is stood on a salt cellar
Wood is sawn with a saucer
Tea is made in a cup
Soup is boiled in a plate
Water is taken from the pail with a kettle
Soup is eaten from a glass
Fish is fried in a fork
Salt is put in a knife
A nail is pulled out with a coffee –pot
A dress is ironed with a sauce-pan
10). Put into the Passive:
E.g. 1. A motor-van knocked the cyclist down. – The cyclist was knocked down by a motor-van.
We had finished all the work by 9 o’clock.-
I shall pay all the bills tomorrow.-
The rescue party found the missing climber after a long search.-
We were making good progress until the car broke down.-
I will forgive you because you are sorry.-
11). Fill in:
E.g. The knife is used to cut bread.
rod to dig ground
spade to freeze meat
fridge to pay for goods
money to ring
bell to play
ball to grind coffee
bag to catch fish
soap to carry things
coffee grinder to wash hands
Разработка упражнений включает в себя основной набор правил и примеров на тему "Passive Voice", представленных в виде таблицы, что помогает быстро повторить тему и легко найти нужное правило, чтобы проконтролировать правильность выполнения упражнения в случае необходимости.
Использование разнообразной лексики вызывает интерес и позволяет попутно пополнить словарный запас школьнику.
Текст на страноведческую тематику носит познавательный характер и одновременно служит грамматическим упражнением.
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