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Система упражнений на тему: "Passive Voice"

P A S S I V E V O I C E.

Tense

Passive Form

Example: Passive

Example: Active

Present Simple

am/is/are +V3(ed)

Cars are made in Japan.

Japan makes cars.

Past Simple

was/were + V3(ed)

He was promoted by the boss.

The boss promoted him.

Future Simple

shall/will be + V3

You will be given a test by your teacher.

The teacher will give you a test.

Present Continuous

am/is/are being +V3 (ed)

The matter is still being considered.

They are still considering the matter

Present Perfect

has/have been +V3

He has been well advised by you.

You have advised him well.

Past Perfect

had been + V3 (ed)

The work had been finished by June.

They had finished the work by June.

Future Perfect

shall/will have been + V3 (ed)

He will have been promoted in a few years time.

They will have promoted him in a few years time.

modal passive

modal verb + be +V3 (ed)

The theory must be proved.

They must prove the theory.

to be going to(future)

am/is/are + going to be + V3 (ed)

The factory is going to be closed.

They are going to close the factory.

E X E R C I S E S:

1).Make sentences:

E.g. Volkswagen cars (make) Germany. – Volkswagen cars are made in Germany.

1. a lot of rice (eat) India ___________________________________________________________

2. Coca - Cola (produce) USA ________________________________________________________

3. tea (produce) China ___________________________________________________________

4. frogs (eat) France ____________________________________________________________

5. coffee (grow) Brazil ____________________________________________________________

2). Make sentences:

E.g. Oliver Twist was written by Charles Dickens.

Oliver Twist (write) Leonardo da Vinci Oliver Twist was written by Leonardo da Vinci.

The Mona Lisa (paint) Alexander the Great ___________________________________________

The Eiffel Tower (build) Charles Dickens ___________________________________________

Carmen (compose) Georges Bizet ___________________________________________

Alexandria (found) Gustave Eiffel ___________________________________________

America (discover) Christopher Columbus ___________________________________________

3). Choose the correct variant:

E.g. English is spoken in Canada.

1. English speaks / spoken /is spoken in Canada.

2. I studied / was studied French for three years at school.

3. We spent / was spent too much money on holidays.

4. This window broke / was broken by the little boy.

5. Her clothes made / are made in Paris.

6. This book written / was written by my aunt.

7. The new university will open / will opened / will be opened next year.

8. He was driving / was driven fast and stopped / was stopped by the police.

4). Use the Passive Voice:

E.g. Mary washed the dishes. - The dishes were washed by Mary.

1 The children didn’t turn off the kettle. __________________________________________________

2.Children often feed the birds in winter.___________________________________________________

3 Lisa planted a lot of flowers a month ago.________________________________________________

4.Children usually make experiments at the Chemistry lessons.

___________________________________________________________________________________

5.Jane baked a cake yesterday. _________________________________________________________

6.The children didn’t clean the forest after the picnic. ___________________________________________________________________________________

7. Jack’s mother usually buys food. _____________________________________________________

5). Open the brackets:

E.g. 1. This newspaper article has been written (to write) by a famous observer.

2. His last book __________________ (to publish) two years ago.

3. A new rich library ___________________ (to open) next year.

4. English _________________ (to speak) all over the world .

5. Our school ____________________ (to build) in 2000.

6. The sounds __________________ (to hear) from behind the door.

6). Use Active or Passive:

History of English.

During the 400’s, modern England ___________ (to invade) by the people, who lived along the North Sea. These people _________ (to be) the Angles, Saxons and Jutes. Old English _____ (to speak) between 500 and 1100. It _______ (to be) a mixture of the Germanic languages of the Angles, Jutes and Saxons.

In 1066, people from France called Normans _______(to invade) England. Their leader, William, _____ (to become) king of England. Many French words ________ ( to add). This language _______ ( to call) Middle English.

By about 1485, the language people ________ (to speak) in England ______(to be) more like the English that _________(to speak) today. This _______(to know) as Modern English. Explorers and colonists _______________ (to spread) English throughout the world. Today English, as a native language, ________________ (to speak) by more than 400 million people.

7). Make up sentences using the Passive Voice:

E.g. St. Paul’s Cathedral / build /Christopher Wren =

St. Paul’s Cathedral was built by Christopher Wren.

1.Eugen Paton / construct / bridge _______________________________________________________

2.Miss Marple / create / A. Christie ______________________________________________________

3.Coca Cola / invent / 1886 ____________________________________________________________

4.Croissants / make / France ____________________________________________________________

5.Kilt / wear / Scotland ____________________________________________________________

8) Find the correct verb. Fill in: A postman, a doctor, a zookeeper, a butcher, a baker, a milkmaid, a grocer, a dustman, a pilot, a miner.

Mind the Verbs:

Bring - brought - brought sell - sold - sold

Buy - bought - bought Fly - flew - flown

Make - made - made

The verbs to cure, to mine, to look after, to collect are regular.

E.g. 1. Letters and parcels are brought to your home by a postman.

2. Meat is _____________ from the ________________.

3. When you are ill, you are ______________ by the_________.

4. Milk is ____________ to your home by the ______________.

5. Coal is ____________ from the earth by the _____________.

6. The animals at the zoo are __________after by the __________.

7. Bread, buns and cakes are ____________ by the __________.

8. Rubbish is ___________ from your house by the ___________.

9. Bacon, cheese, jam, tea, sugar are _________ by the ________.

10. Aeroplanes are _________ all over the world by ___________

9). Dishes and Tools. Match:

Nails are driven with a milkjug

Wood is chopped with a hammer

Milk is kept in an axe

Bread is cut with a spoon

Meat is eaten with a nail

Soup is eaten with a mug

Pieces of wood are joined together with a fork

Water is drunk from a knife

Paper is cut with a saw

The ground is dug with an iron

Water for tea is boiled in a tea-pot

Sugar is kept in pincers

Coffee is made in a sugar basin

Tea is drunk from a spoon

A cup is stood on a salt cellar

Wood is sawn with a saucer

Tea is made in a cup

Soup is boiled in a plate

Water is taken from the pail with a kettle

Soup is eaten from a glass

Fish is fried in a fork

Salt is put in a knife

A nail is pulled out with a coffee –pot

A dress is ironed with a sauce-pan

10). Put into the Passive:

E.g. 1. A motor-van knocked the cyclist down. – The cyclist was knocked down by a motor-van.

  1. We had finished all the work by 9 o’clock.-

  2. I shall pay all the bills tomorrow.-

  3. The rescue party found the missing climber after a long search.-

  4. We were making good progress until the car broke down.-

  5. I will forgive you because you are sorry.-

11). Fill in:

E.g. The knife is used to cut bread.

rod to dig ground

spade to freeze meat

fridge to pay for goods

money to ring

bell to play

ball to grind coffee

bag to catch fish

soap to carry things

coffee grinder to wash hands







Система упражнений на тему: "Passive Voice"
  • Иностранные языки
Описание:

    Разработка  упражнений включает в себя основной набор  правил и примеров на тему "Passive  Voice", представленных  в виде таблицы, что помогает быстро повторить тему и легко найти нужное правило, чтобы  проконтролировать правильность выполнения упражнения в случае необходимости.   

  Использование  разнообразной лексики вызывает интерес и позволяет попутно пополнить словарный запас школьнику.

  Текст  на страноведческую тематику  носит познавательный характер и одновременно служит грамматическим упражнением.

 

Автор Богорода Алевтина Михайловна
Дата добавления 06.01.2015
Раздел Иностранные языки
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