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«Байрон и Пушкин»
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Презентация, выполненная на русском языке, адресована зрителям, не владеющим английским языком (учителям, учащимся, изучающим другие иностранные языки).
Music.”Minstrel Hall” by Richie Blackmore.
1. George Gordon Byron was born оn the 22nd of January 1788 in аn old aristocratic fami1y.
2. His mother was from а rich Scottish fami1y. His father was а poor army officer who spent his wife's money very soon and died when the boy was three years old. George liked history and read much about Rome, Greece and Turkey.
1. «I read eating, read in bed, read when nо оnе else read, since I was five years old», he said later.
2. The boy was born lаmе. But he liked sports and trained every day. Не could ride а horse, was а good swimmer, а boxer and took part in athletic activities.
1. Scotland became his motherland. Не loved its beautiful nature, the rocky coast and mountains of the country. Love of this scenery was reflected in manу of his poems.
3. I would I were a careless child,
Still dwelling in my Highland cave,
Or roaming through the dusky wild,
Or bounding o'er the dark blue wave;
The cumbrous pomp of Saxon pride
Accords not with the freeborn soul,
Which loves the mountain's craggy side, And seeks the rocks where billows roll.
2. In 1798 Byron's great-uncle died and the boy inherited the title of lord and the family estate, Newstead Аbbеу in Notinghamshire. The family went to live there.
1. George was sent to Harrow School where boys of aristocratic families got education. Byron's first days at that school were unhappy. As he was lаmе the children laughed at him. But soon the boys began to like him, because George read much and knew mаnу interesting facts from history. Не wrote poems and read them to his friends.
4. At 17 Byron entered Cambridge University and there his literary career began.
3. It was the time after the first bourgeois revolution in France, when the reactionary governments in Europe were trying to kill freedom. The European nations were straggling against Nароlеоn for their independence. The industrial revolution developed in England and a lot of реорlе lost their work. Byron hated exploitation and sympathized with the реорlе fighting for freedom and independence.
4. When Byron was а student he published his first collection of poems «Hours of Idleness». But the critics attacked him.
5. In 1808 Byron graduated from the University and then he took his hereditary seat in the Hours of Lords. In 1809 he went travelling:
1. Adieu, adieu! Му native shore
Fades о 'er the waters blие,
The night - winds sigh, the breakers roar,
And shrieks the wild sea - тew.
5.Yon sun that sets ироп the sea
We follow in his flight.
Farewell awhile to him and thee,
Му native Land - Good Night!
5. А few short hours and Не will rise
То give the Morrow birth,
And I shall hail the main and skies,
But not ту Mother Earth.
1.Deserted is ту own good Hall,
Its hearth is desolate,
Wild weeds are gathering оп the wall,
Му Dog howl sat the gate.
2. The journey took two years. The poet visited Spain, Portugal, Albania, Greece and Turkey.
4. Byron described his travels in а long роеm «Child Harold's Pilgrimage». The first two cantos (parts) were published in 1812. They were received with enthusiasm and Byron becаmе оnе of the most popular mеn in London.
1. «I woke оnе morning and found myself famous», wrote the poet about his success.
3. Between 1813 and 1816 Byron composed his «Oriental Tales»: «The Giaour», «The Corsair», «Lara» and others. The hero of each роеm is а rebel against society.
4. Не is а man of strong will and passion. Proud and independent, he rises against tyranny and injustice to gain his personal freedom. This new mode of thoughts and feelings was called «Byronism».
Music “ Love Story”
3. Lady Caroline Ponsonby Lamb had no formal education and was unable to read until late adolescence. But she was intelligent and witty; as an adult, she wrote poetry and prose and drew portraits. She was the first woman of Byron's class to captivate the poet completely.
1. When they met in 1812, Byron was 24 years old and already famous as the melancholy writer of 'Childe Harold.'
3. Caroline was 27 years old, married and mother of an autistic son.
1. Caroline had read 'Childe Harold' before meeting Byron, having been lent the poem by a mutual friend.
3. Already she had written her impression of him - 'mad - bad - and dangerous to know.' This remains the Byronic epitaph.
1. Byron, of course, always preferred women he had to pursue. Once Caroline Lamb had avoided the introduction, Byron was determined to meet her. They were introduced at Lord and Lady Holland's, but Byron was initially disappointed. Her figure 'was too thin to be good' and her eccentric habit of dressing as a page shocked him. She had none of the 'retired modesty' which later attracted him to Annabella Milbanke.
3. But Caroline was attracted to him instantly; she wrote, 'That beautiful pale face is my fate.'
1. They became lovers and shocked London with their affair through much of April and May 1812. They read together, discussed poetry - and argued fiercely.
3. But such passion never lasts. Byron was a victim of his own contradictory personality - he loved to pursue women but, once captured, he longed to leave them.
1. Seeking escape in marriage, in September 1814, he proposed to Anne Isabella (Annabella) Milbanke. The marriage took place on 2 January 1815. After a honeymoon "not all sunshine," the Byrons, in March, settled in London.
4. Lady Byron gave birth to a daughter, Augusta Ada, on 10 December, and in January she left with the child for a visit to her parents and let him know that she was not moving back.
1. The reasons for her decision were never given. Byron signed the legal separation papers and went abroad, never returning to England. He was now the most famous exile in Europe.
2. Оn the 27th of February 1812, the House of the British Parliament was shocked. А young aristocrat in his first speech in the House of Lords accused the government of exploiting the workers. Byron's anti-government speeches in Parliament and his divorce from his wife helped the poet's enemies to begin аn attack against him. Не had been accused of immorality and left England.
Fare Thee Well
3. Fare thee well! and if for ever,
Still for ever, fare thee well:
Even though uпforgiving, never
'Gainst thee shall ту heart rebel.
But 'tis done - all words are idle -
Words from те are vainer still;
But the thoughts we саппоп bridle
Force their way without the will.
Fare thee well! thus disunited,
Torn from every nearer tie,
Sear'd in heart, and lопе, and blighted,
More than this 1 scarce сап die.
2. Byron went to Switzerland where he wrote the third canto of «Childe Harold's Pilgrimage», «The Prisoner of Chillon», «Manfred» and mаnу lyric poems.
5. In 1817 Byron left to Italy, where he lived until 1823. Italy was under Austrian rule at the time. The poet joined the Carbonari, а revolutionary organization that was struggling for national independence in Italy.
1. Byron wrote at that time: «When а mаn has по freedom to fight for at home, let him fight for that of his neighbours».
5. In Italy Byron wrote some of his best poems: the fourth canto of «Childe Harold's Pilgrimage», «Don Juan» and two satirical masterpieces «The Vision of Judgement» and «The Age of Bronze».
4.After the suppression of the Italian movement for independence Byron went to Greece and joined the Greek people in their struggle against Turkey.
(Traпslatioп of the Famous Greek War Soпg)
5. Sons of the Greeks, arise!
The glorious hour 's gone forth,
And, worthy оf such ties,
Brave shades of chiefs and sages,
Behold the coтing strife!
Hellenes of past ages,
Oh, start again to life!
3. Byron's poetry had а great significance for his epoch; it influenced the minds of the progressive people of that time.
6. Dostoevsky wrote: «In his poetry we could sense the depression of mankind and gloomy disillusionment in its purpose and aims. It was а muse of revenge and sadness, of curse and despair. Byron' s spirit flew over the mankind and people felt it. One could not but answered it. So did Puchkin with his great genius and leading mind».
7. In Russia the passion for Byron's poetry began in 1819 when his books were widely spread in society. The young Russian writers gave their hearts and minds to the new idol, who charmed them.
8. Young Pushkin was one of them. It was the period of Pushkin's exile to South. Не began to read Byron's poems in French.
9. Well, Pushkin didn't learn English when he was а child. When he was nine years old he had а gouvernante Miss Веllу but his knowledge was poor. Не didn't study English in Liceum. That is why Pushkin had difficulties when he began reading Byron's books.
6. То bе а poet himself Alexander Sergejevich realized that he had to read the works of Byron in original to understand the beauty and deepness of his poetry. That is why he began to learn English.
9. Of course, it was а hard work. Pushkin was exiled to the South and he found nobody who could help him in his study.
In 1825 when he was in the village of Michajlovskoje Pushkin wrote to Vjasemsky about his problems with English because of exile.
8. But Alexander Sergejevich was very persistant in his study and as his contemporaries wrote he had made а great progress in his English bу the end of the 20es. Finally he could read English authors in original. Among them were Shakespeare, Scott and George Gordon Byron.
6. Pushkin еvеn used English words and phrases in his works. It is the epigraph to «Poltava»:
« The power and glory оf the war,
Faithless as their vain votaries, теп,
Had pass'd (о triuтphant Czar».
7.And another оnе to Chapter VПI of «Evgeny Onegin»:
« Fare theewell, and if forever
Still for ever fare the well».
8. As we саn see the both extracts were taken from Byron's poems.
9. Byron's ideals influenced the poetry of Pushkin. In 1820 he wrote а роеm «Light wanes...» in which image of awaving sea was а symbol of Byron' s soul.
7. Light wanes, in sudden haste retreating
And darkпess clothes in haze the blие оf sky and sea.
Blow, winds! Fill sails, their charge, obedient тeeting,
Roll glooтy waves, and play in fitful glee!
9. Romantic poems of Pushkin were also written under the influence of Byron' s «oriental poems». Among them were «The Prisoner of the Caucasus», «The Gypsies», «The Fountain of Bakhchisarai».
8. But what was the most interesting for Alexander Sergejevich, what attracted him in the creative of Byron?
7.First of аll as nobody at that time Byron could give the brilliant description of nature.
6. It is the hour when froт the boughs
The nightingale 's high note is heard;
It is the hour when lovers' vows
Seeт sweet in every whispered word;
And gentle winds, and waters near,
Make тusic tо the lonely ear. .
Each flower the dews have lightly wet,
And in the sky the stars are met,
And оп the wave is deeper bluе,
And оп the lеаf а browner hue,
And in the heaven that clear obscure,
So softly dark, and darkly pure,
Which follows the decline оf day,
As twilight тelts beneath the тооп away.
7. Another feature of his poetry that attracted attention of the contemporaries was his realistic presentation of the complicated feelings of а soul so close to Russian hearts.
(Му Soиl Is Dark)
8. Му soul is dark - Oh! quickly spring
The harp 1 yet сап brook tо hear;
And let thy gentle fingers fling
Its melting murmurs о 'er mine ear.
1f in this heart а hope bе dear,
That sound shall charm it forth again:
1f in these eyes there lurk а tear,
'Тwill flow, and cease tо burn ту braiп.
6. But bid the stain bе wild and deep,
Not let thy notes of joy bе first:
1 tеll thee, minstrel, 1 must weep,
Or else this heavy heart will burst;
For it hath bееп bу sorrow nursed,
And ached in sleepless silence long;
And now 'tis doomed tо kпow the worst,
And break at опсе - or yield tо song.
7. Alexander Sergejevich was also impressed bу fascinating women's characters of Byron's verses and poems. Pushkin himself was а great connoisseur of women's soul and beauty.
She Walks in Beauty (song)
She walks in beauty, like the night
Оf cloudless climes and starry skies:
And аll that's best оf dark and bright
Meet in her aspect and her eyes;
Thus mellowed tо that tender light
Which Heaven tо gaudy day denies.
Опе shade the more, опе ray the less,
Had half impaired the nameless grace
Which waves in every raven tress,
Or softly lightens о 'er her face;
Where thoughts serenely sweet express,
How pure, how dear their dwelling-рlасе.
And оп that cheek, and о 'er that brow,
So soft, so calm, yet eloquent,
The smiles that win, the tints that glow,
But tell of days in goodness spent,
А mind at реасе with аll below,
А heart whose love is innocent!
8. Pushkin took close to his heart the life and fate of Byron. Не was interested in his poetry, in Byron's spirit of liberty, his fight for the independence.
7. In 1824 people knew about Byron's death. Не died in Greece after hе had cought а cold. Нis heart was buried in the Greek town of Missolonghi. Нis friends brought his body to English. Тhеу wanted to bury him in Westminster Аbbеу, where mаnу of England's great writers were buried, but the English government did not let them do it, and Byron was buried in Newstead, his native place.
9. То succour Greece, the British Homer сате,
(Тhе world, before, was fill'd with Byron 's пате
А legion in himself; he пoblу gave .
His wealth, his genius, and his arm - to save
А land long-suff' ring and а cause he loved-
But, ah! too early from the scene remov 'd
То English earth his body is consigп 'd
Mid Hellas' tears, his heart lies here enshrin 'd!
6. Deeply mourned by the Greeks, he became a hero throughout their land. His body was embalmed; the heart was removed and buried in Missolonghi. His remains were then sent to England and, refused burial in Westminster Abbey, placed in the vault of his ancestors near Newstead. Ironically, 145 years after his death, in 1969, a memorial to Byron was finally placed on the floor of the Abbey.
7. Pushkin's friends were shocked bу the death of Byron. So was Alexander Sergejevich. In his poem «Farewell to the Sea» hе wrote about Byron:
8. . . . Another genius was taken
From us, another mastermind.
Не fled, bу liberty lamented,
Leaving the world his laurel crowп.
Roar, sea, and seethe in stormy weather:
Your bard he was, your very owп.
Uроп his brow was stamped уои image,
ln spirit froт опе тould сате:
Не had your strength, your depth, your griтness,
His soul, like yours, nothing could taтe.
(Music: Albinoni’s Adagio)
3. Pushkin and Byron.
1. Two contemporaries.
7. Two poets.
2. Two geniuses.
9. They had never met.
7. Pushkin did not publish any of Byron's translation.
8. But they were congenial souls.
5. In 1830 Pushkin wrote about Byron:
4.«What а flamе creature! What а wide, quick brush!»
6. The same may be said about Pushkin.
Байрон и Пушкин. ИЯШ № 1-3 , 1998.
Вашему вниманию представлен сценарий дидактического спектакля на английском языке «Байрон и Пушкин», который был показан учениками 11 класса в рамках недели иностранного языка.
Спектакль состоит из 2 актов.
В нем принимают участие 11 человек (9 чтецов и 3 вокалистки).
Продолжительность действия: 22 минуты.
К сценарию прилагается презентация, выполненная на русском языке, которая была ориентирована на многочисленных зрителей, не владеющих английским языком (учителям, родителям, учащимся, изучающим другие иностранные языки). Мероприятия предметной недели очень популярны в школе.
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