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Разработка урока по теме "Австралия" (10 класс)

Название документа Комментарий к проведению урок1.doc

Комментарий к проведению урока-презентации по теме "Австралия"

THE COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA.

 

Слайд 1.

English is spoken in many countries of the world. Do you know in what countries English is national language?

First of all it is Great Britain, and then you should remember about the United States of America, Canada, Australia and New Zealand.

 

 

Слайд 2.

Today we shall speak about one of the English-Speaking Countries. Look at this picture and answer my questions:

-         What country is it?

-         Is it big or small?

-         Is this an island or continent?

-         What oceans is this country washed by?

Well, let’s speak about Australia.

 

Слайд 3.

The official name of Australia is the Commonwealth of Australia.

 

Слайд 4.

Слайд 5.

Read the information on the screen.

 

Слайд 6.

The history of Australia began many years ago.

Let's read the text about the history of Australia and then answer some questions.

 

History of Australia.

The east coast of Australia was discovered by captain Cook in 1770. It was then first used as a colony for convicts (каторжник). Other settlements of a few three settlers began to appear. Of these settlements Sydney was the most important; but other smaller settlements for convicts were in Tasmania, at Brisbane, and on the Swan River in Western Australia.

The early settlers were very cruel (жестокий) to the aborigines. They were killed or driven away from their lands. The discovery of gold in 1851 brought many people to Australia and the character of the colony began to change. But still, the raising (разведение) of sheep was for a long time the most important occupation for the Australians.

Towards the end of the 19th century, the Australian colonies began to discuss some form of union. They formed a federation, the new constitution was introduced on January 1, 1901; and the birth of the new nation was celebrated.

 

Слайд 7.

Answer the following questions.

1. What part of Australia was first used as a colony?

2. How did the early settlers behave towards the aborigines?

3. Why did very many people go to Australia after 1851?

4. When was the new nation born in Australia?

 

Слайд 8.

Слайд 9.

Слайд 10.

Слайд 11.

Слайд 12.

Read the information on the screen and try to understand it.

Слайд 13.

Now we shall speak about wild life of Australia.

 

Слайд 14.

Слайд 15.

Слайд 16.

Read the information on the screen and try to understand it.

 

Слайд 17.

Do you know what is the capital of Australia? Yes, you are right, it is Canberra.

 

Слайд 18.

You should remember that there are 5 big cities in Australia: Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide, Perth and Brisbane.

 

Слайд 19.

And now I want ask some questions about what factors explain the following peculiarities of Australia?

 

Слайд 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26.

 

Слайд 27.

You've got general information about Australia and now I believe you can answer my questions. But you have the text about Australia. This text helps you to find the answers.

______________________________________________________________________________

  

The Commonwealth of Australia.

 The Commonwealth of Australia is a federal state within the Commonwealth. Its territories are the continent of Australia, the island of Tasmania and a number of smaller islands.  It has an area of about 8 million square kilometers.

The continent is mostly a great plain with mountains in the east and south-east. The western part of the continent forms a plateau which occupies half of the continent. The Central Lowlands is very dry. Through the eastern part of these Central Lowlands run Australia’s greatest rivers, the Murray and the Darling. A number of short rivers flow from the Australian Alps and the Blue Mountains into the Pacific Ocean.

Australia has several different climatic regions, from warm to subtropical and tropical. The winds from the sea bring heavy rainfalls, especially in tropical summer. The climate in the west is very dry and more than half of Australia gets very little rain. In the south-west and east the winds bring rain in winter.

The tropical forests in the north and north-east are displaced by savanna or grassland. In the south-east and on the sides of the mountains there are forests of eucalyptus and other evergreen trees. There are two hot deserts in the central and western parts of the continent.

There are many wild animals in Australia. Some of them, such as the kangaroo, the dingo and the koala are not found in any other country of the world.  Australia has been called .the land of differences. and .the continent of contrasts.. There are many ways in which it is different from other countries. Australia was separated from the other continents and her animals developed differently. Of these, the strangest of all are the water-loving platypus and the echidna. Australia is also the home of the kangaroos. The koala is a tree-loving, comical-looking animal that lives on the leaves of eucalyptus trees. It will eat nothing more. The dingo is the only killer among the native animals. Most of them now live in mountains or hills. The native birds of Australia are very interesting. The emu, for example, which with kangaroo, is represented on the Australian coat-of-arms, is the next-tallest bird in the world after the ostrich.

The capital of Australia is Canberra. There are 5 big cities in Australia: Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide, Perth and Brisbane. There are about 15 million people in Australia. The Commonwealth of Australia consists of six states and two territories: New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia, Tasmania, the Federal Capital Territory and the Northern Territory. The Commonwealth of Australia is a self-governing federal state. Formally the head of the state is the king or queen of England represented by the Governor-General. The Federal Parliament consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The federal government of the country is headed by the Prime Minister.

 

_________________________________________________________________________

 

.         By whom was Australia discovered and when was it happened?

.         When was the birth of the new nation celebrated?

.         What is the official name of Australia?

.         What landscape is typical of Australia?

.         Name the greatest rivers of Australia?

.         What animals live in Australia?

.         Name big cities of Australia.

.         What is the capital of Australia?

 

-         Australia was discovered by Captain Cook. 

-         The birth of the new nation was celebrated on January 1, 1901.

-         It is the Commonwealth of Australia.

-         Much of the land is a useless desert; it is mostly a great plain with mountains too.

-         They are the Murray and the Darling

-         They are the kangaroo, the dingo, the emu, the platypus, the koala, the echidna.

-         There are 5 big cities in Australia: Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide, Perth and Brisbane.

-         The capital of Australia is Canberra

 

 

Слайд 28.

 Your home task: 


Название документа Презентация australia.ppt

ENGLISH-SPEAKING COUNTRIES
the smallest continent the largest island the Pacific Ocean the Indian Ocean
The Commonwealth of AUSTRALIA
The Commonwealth of Australia is a federal state within the Commonwealth. Its...
It is the world’s largest island and its smallest continent.
History of Australia The east coast of Australia was discovered by Captain Co...
What part of Australia was first used as a colony? 2. How did the early settl...
The continent of Australia is mostly a great plain with mountains in the east...
Much of the land is a useless desert. Great deserts cover nearly 2 000 000 sq...
 Most of the continent is sunny most of the year.
Severe droughts, floods and cyclones happen very often on the continent. The ...
The tropical forests are displaced by savanna or grassland. In the south-east...
THE STRANGE WORLD OF AUSTRALIAN ANIMALS Australia has been called “the land o...
There are many wild animals in Australia. Some of them, such as the kangaroo ...
The native birds of Australia are very interesting. The emu, for example, whi...
The capital of Australia is Canberra.
There are 5 big cities in Australia: Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide, Perth and ...
What factors explain the following peculiarities of Australia? The seasons ar...
The continent is south of the Equator.
What factors explain the following peculiarities of Australia? Australia is s...
New Year is in the middle of summer, the middle of winter is in June, and the...
What factors explain the following peculiarities of Australia? The few rivers...
Much of the land is a useless desert. Great deserts cover nearly 2 mln sq kms...
What factors explain the following peculiarities of Australia? The island’s w...
Australia became cut off from the rest of the world.
By whom was Australia discovered and when was it happened? When was the birt...
1 из 29

Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:

№ слайда 1 ENGLISH-SPEAKING COUNTRIES
Описание слайда:

ENGLISH-SPEAKING COUNTRIES

№ слайда 2 the smallest continent the largest island the Pacific Ocean the Indian Ocean
Описание слайда:

the smallest continent the largest island the Pacific Ocean the Indian Ocean

№ слайда 3
Описание слайда:

№ слайда 4 The Commonwealth of AUSTRALIA
Описание слайда:

The Commonwealth of AUSTRALIA

№ слайда 5 The Commonwealth of Australia is a federal state within the Commonwealth. Its te
Описание слайда:

The Commonwealth of Australia is a federal state within the Commonwealth. Its territories are the continent of Australia, the island of Tasmania and a number of smaller islands. It has an area of about 8 million square kilometres.

№ слайда 6 It is the world’s largest island and its smallest continent.
Описание слайда:

It is the world’s largest island and its smallest continent.

№ слайда 7 History of Australia The east coast of Australia was discovered by Captain Cook
Описание слайда:

History of Australia The east coast of Australia was discovered by Captain Cook in 1770.

№ слайда 8 What part of Australia was first used as a colony? 2. How did the early settlers
Описание слайда:

What part of Australia was first used as a colony? 2. How did the early settlers behave towards the aborigines? 3. Why did very many people go to Australia after 1851? 4. When was the new nation born in Australia?

№ слайда 9 The continent of Australia is mostly a great plain with mountains in the east an
Описание слайда:

The continent of Australia is mostly a great plain with mountains in the east and south-east.

№ слайда 10 Much of the land is a useless desert. Great deserts cover nearly 2 000 000 squar
Описание слайда:

Much of the land is a useless desert. Great deserts cover nearly 2 000 000 square kilometres.

№ слайда 11  Most of the continent is sunny most of the year.
Описание слайда:

Most of the continent is sunny most of the year.

№ слайда 12 Severe droughts, floods and cyclones happen very often on the continent. The peo
Описание слайда:

Severe droughts, floods and cyclones happen very often on the continent. The people suffer from limited fresh water.

№ слайда 13 The tropical forests are displaced by savanna or grassland. In the south-east an
Описание слайда:

The tropical forests are displaced by savanna or grassland. In the south-east and on the sides of the mountains there are forests of eucalyptus and other evergreen trees.

№ слайда 14
Описание слайда:

№ слайда 15 THE STRANGE WORLD OF AUSTRALIAN ANIMALS Australia has been called “the land of d
Описание слайда:

THE STRANGE WORLD OF AUSTRALIAN ANIMALS Australia has been called “the land of differences” and “the continent of contrasts”. There are many ways in which it is different from other countries. The first thing most people think of are the strange native animals

№ слайда 16 There are many wild animals in Australia. Some of them, such as the kangaroo the
Описание слайда:

There are many wild animals in Australia. Some of them, such as the kangaroo the koala the dingo or wild dog are not found in any other country of the world

№ слайда 17 The native birds of Australia are very interesting. The emu, for example, which
Описание слайда:

The native birds of Australia are very interesting. The emu, for example, which with kangaroo is represented on the australian coat-of-arms, is the next-tallest bird in the world after the ostritch.

№ слайда 18 The capital of Australia is Canberra.
Описание слайда:

The capital of Australia is Canberra.

№ слайда 19 There are 5 big cities in Australia: Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide, Perth and Bri
Описание слайда:

There are 5 big cities in Australia: Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide, Perth and Brisbane.

№ слайда 20 What factors explain the following peculiarities of Australia? The seasons are t
Описание слайда:

What factors explain the following peculiarities of Australia? The seasons are the other way round in Australia

№ слайда 21 The continent is south of the Equator.
Описание слайда:

The continent is south of the Equator.

№ слайда 22 What factors explain the following peculiarities of Australia? Australia is some
Описание слайда:

What factors explain the following peculiarities of Australia? Australia is sometimes called the Land Down Under.

№ слайда 23 New Year is in the middle of summer, the middle of winter is in June, and the wi
Описание слайда:

New Year is in the middle of summer, the middle of winter is in June, and the winter months are never cold. Hot winds blow from the north, cold winds blow from the south.

№ слайда 24 What factors explain the following peculiarities of Australia? The few rivers pl
Описание слайда:

What factors explain the following peculiarities of Australia? The few rivers play an especially important role in people’s lives.

№ слайда 25 Much of the land is a useless desert. Great deserts cover nearly 2 mln sq kms. T
Описание слайда:

Much of the land is a useless desert. Great deserts cover nearly 2 mln sq kms. The people suffer from limited fresh water.

№ слайда 26 What factors explain the following peculiarities of Australia? The island’s wild
Описание слайда:

What factors explain the following peculiarities of Australia? The island’s wildlife is so unique today.

№ слайда 27 Australia became cut off from the rest of the world.
Описание слайда:

Australia became cut off from the rest of the world.

№ слайда 28 By whom was Australia discovered and when was it happened? When was the birth o
Описание слайда:

By whom was Australia discovered and when was it happened? When was the birth of the new nation celebrated? What is the official name of Australia? What landscape is typical of Australia? Name the greatest rivers of Australia? What animals live in Australia? Name big cities of Australia. What is the capital of Australia?

№ слайда 29
Описание слайда:

Разработка урока по теме "Австралия" (10 класс)
  • Иностранные языки
Описание:

The east coast of Australia was discovered by captain Cook in 1770. It was then first used as a colony for convicts (каторжник). Other settlements of a few three settlers began to appear. Of these settlements Sydney was the most important; but other smaller settlements for convicts were in Tasmania, at Brisbane, and on the Swan River in Western Australia.

The early settlers were very cruel (жестокий) to the aborigines. They were killed or driven away from their lands. The discovery of gold in 1851 brought many people to Australia and the character of the colony began to change. But still, the raising (разведение) of sheep was for a long time the most important occupation for the Australians.

Автор Галиниченко Марина Станиславовна
Дата добавления 01.01.2015
Раздел Иностранные языки
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