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Разноуровневые задания по чтению в формате ЕГЭ

Название документа дополнительное задание к 13-15.doc

1. What event did Ray Anderson witness at the beginning of the story?

A. a home fire

B. an explosion

C. an automobile accident

2. How did Ray save the baby?

A. He pulled the baby out of the window.

B. He put out the flames with a fire extinguisher.

C. He called the police and fire department.

3. What happened to Ray?

A. He had extensive head injuries.

B. He was burned over much of his body.

C. He suffered from smoke inhalation.

4. Who is Aaron?

A. He is Ray Anderson's son.

B. He is Karen's older brother.

C. He was adopted by Sandra Jenkins.

5. What was Ray Anderson doing that fateful Christmas Eve?

A. serving at homeless shelter in the community

B. cutting down Christmas trees for families

C. taking goods to needy people


__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



1. What event did Ray Anderson witness at the beginning of the story?

A. a home fire

B. an explosion

C. an automobile accident

2. How did Ray save the baby?

A. He pulled the baby out of the window.

B. He put out the flames with a fire extinguisher.

C. He called the police and fire department.

3. What happened to Ray?

A. He had extensive head injuries.

B. He was burned over much of his body.

C. He suffered from smoke inhalation.

4. Who is Aaron?

A. He is Ray Anderson's son.

B. He is Karen's older brother.

C. He was adopted by Sandra Jenkins.

5. What was Ray Anderson doing that fateful Christmas Eve?

A. serving at homeless shelter in the community

B. cutting down Christmas trees for families

C. taking goods to needy people


Название документа ответы с 1 по 6.doc

Чтение


Ответы


Упражнение 1

A—Museum, B—Post Office, C—Shop, D—Bank


Упражнение 2

1 false, 2 true, 3 false, 4 true, 5 false


Упражнение 3

1D, 2C, 3B, 4A, 5D, 6B, 7A, 8C


Упражнение 4

1 the lake, 2 The Houses of Parliament, 3 10, Downing Street

4 in Kensington, 5 on the international meridian, 6 two, 7 four,

8 in the National History Museum, 9 The Tower of London,

10 The Tower of London, the National History Museum, Madame Tusssauds Museum, The Royal Observatory, 11 The Houses of Parliament and Downing Street, 12 The Tower of London.


Упражнение 5

1 a tern, 2 16 centimetres, 3 migrates, 4 it depends, 5 no one knows,

6 it’s too cold there, 7 to survive, 8 36,000 kilometres, 9 near Ireland, 10 the west cost of Africa and the east cost of South America, 11 to guide them, 12 as far as the moon and back


Упражнение 6

F C G A D B E




Название документа титульный лист и ответы 1-6.doc

Санкт-Петербургская академия

постдипломного педагогического образования




Курс: Технологии подготовки учащихся к сдаче ГИА

(государственной итоговой аттестации)

по иностранному языку, 9 класс.



Итоговая (зачётная) работа.

Тестовые задания по чтению.













Учитель английского языка

ГОУ СОШ №456

Максимова

Наталья Андреевна






Санкт-Петербург

2011 г.




Пояснительная записка



В первой части настоящего раздела «Чтение» представлены 7 текстов различных жанров, с помощью которых формируются и отрабатываются навыки общего понимания текстов и объявлений, умение понимать логические связи между пред -ложениями и между частями текста , делать выводы из прочитанного с помощью послетекстовых заданий, а также совершенствуются навыки построения различных типов вопросов.

Задания соответствуют уровням А-2, В-1.

Определённый интерес представляет собой текст стихотворения. В нём учащимся предлагается составить четверостишия в логическом порядке. Упражнение нацеливает на художественное восприятие текста, нахождение логических связей, подобрать вывод-мораль.

В завершающей части представлены тексты повышенного уровня, представляющие трудность для выпускников школ ( Intermediate \ Upper Intermediate)

Задания, предназначенные для выполнения до чтения текста, развивают догадку тестируемых, учат их строить различные гипотезы; упражнения во время чтения направлены на проверку основного содержания статьи или извлечения из неё основной информации. Упражнения после чтения тренируют основную лексику или грамматику, встречающуюся в тексте статьи.

Рассказ «Рождественская история» интересен и для дискуссии.




Название документа упражнение 10.doc


READING

The Dinner Party


It all happened in India. At a large dinner party the guests were discussing a typical behaviour of people when they were in some crisis. One of the guests, an officer, said: "A woman's reaction will differ from a man's behaviour. A typical woman's reaction in any crisis is to scream. A man has much more nerve control. And that is what counts."

One of the guests, an American naturalist, did not join in the argument. He watched the other guests. Suddenly he saw that the hostess changed in the face and whispered something to a servant. The servant came back very soon and placed a bowl of milk on the veranda just outside the open doors.

The American naturalist understood everything. In India, milk in a bowl means only one thing. It is a bait for a snake. He realized that there must be a cobra under the table.

The American's first impulse was to jump back and warn the others. But he knew that would frighten the cobra and it would attack somebody. He then spoke quickly but loudly: "I want to know just what control everyone at this table has. I will count three hundred - that's five minutes - and not one of you must move. Those who move will pay fifty rupees. Ready? Go!" The twenty people sat like stone images while he was counting. When he was saying "two hundred and eighty", out of the corner of his eye, he saw the cobra crawling for the bowl of milk. In a minute it was on the veranda. The American made a huge jump and shut the glass doors. The guests began screaming, when they understood what had just happened.

After a few moments the host said: "You were right, Officer. A man has just shown us an example of perfect control."

"Just a minute," cried the American, turning to his hostess. "Mrs White, how did you know that there was a cobra in the room?"

A little smile appeared on the woman's face as she answered: "I knew it because it was crawling across my foot."


L Read the story “The Dinner Party” and put a tick in the right column.

Statements:


1) The guests were discussing typical behaviour of people in some crisis.

2) 2) The officer said that man had more nerve control than a woman.

3) The American naturalist said that the reaction didn’t depend on the sex of people .

4) T 4) The hostess of the house suddenly left the dining-- room and came back with a bowl of milk.

5) 5) A bowl of milk in India is a bait for a snake.

6) 6) The officer told the guests that there was a cobra in the dining-room.

7) 7) A woman’s reaction in any crisis is to stream.



1

2

3

4

5

6

7

True








False














ANSWERS





1

2

3

4

5

6

7

True

V




V



False


V

V

V


V

V



Название документа упражнение 11.doc


READING


Put the parts of the poem according to the logical order :


The Crocodile’s Toothache


A And the Crocodile said, "I'll tell you the truth,
I have a terrible ache in my tooth,"
And he opened his jaws so wide, so wide,
Then the dentist, he climbed right inside,


C But the dentist laughed with a Ho Ho Ho,
And he said, "I still have twelve to go-
Oops, that's the wrong one, I confess,
But what's one crocodile's tooth more or less?"


D The Crocodile
Went to the dentist
And sat down in the chair,
And the dentist said, "Now tell me, sir,
Why does it hurt and where?"


E Then suddenly, the jaws went SNAP,
And the dentist was gone, right off the map,
And where he went one could only guess...
To North or South or East or West...
He left no forwarding address.


F And the dentist laughed, "Oh isn't this fun?"
As he pulled the teeth out, one by one.
And the Crocodile cried, "You're hurting me so!
Please put down your pliers and let me go."


B But what's one dentist, more or less?


ANSWERS


1-D 2-A 3-F 4-C 5-E 6-B




The Crocodile's Toothache

D The Crocodile
Went to the dentist
And sat down in the chair,
And the dentist said, "Now tell me, sir,
Why does it hurt and where?"


A And the Crocodile said, "I'll tell you the truth,
I have a terrible ache in my tooth,"
And he opened his jaws so wide, so wide,
Then the dentist, he climbed right inside,


F And the dentist laughed, "Oh isn't this fun?"
As he pulled the teeth out, one by one.
And the Crocodile cried, "You're hurting me so!
Please put down your pliers and let me go."


C But the dentist laughed with a Ho Ho Ho,
And he said, "I still have twelve to go-
Oops, that's the wrong one, I confess,
But what's one crocodile's tooth more or less?"


E Then suddenly, the jaws went SNAP,
And the dentist was gone, right off the map,
And where he went one could only guess...
To North or South or East or West...
He left no forwarding address.


B But what's one dentist, more or less?





















READING



Put the parts of the poem according to the logical order.


The Crocodile's Toothache


A And the Crocodile said, "I'll tell you the truth,
I have a terrible ache in my tooth,"
And he opened his jaws so wide, so wide,
Then the dentist, he climbed right inside,


C But the dentist laughed with a Ho Ho Ho,
And he said, "I still have twelve to go-
Oops, that's the wrong one, I confess,
But what's one crocodile's tooth more or less?"


D The Crocodile
Went to the dentist
And sat down in the chair,
And the dentist said, "Now tell me, sir,
Why does it hurt and where?"


E Then suddenly, the jaws went SNAP,
And the dentist was gone, right off the map,
And where he went one could only guess...
To North or South or East or West...
He left no forwarding address.


F And the dentist laughed, "Oh isn't this fun?"
As he pulled the teeth out, one by one.
And the Crocodile cried, "You're hurting me so!
Please put down your pliers and let me go."


B But what's one dentist, more or less?







Название документа упражнение 12.doc






Questions 1-5


  • Look at the sign in each question

  • Someone asks you what it means

  • Mark the letter near to the correct explanation –A, B. C or D—on your answer sheet.




EXAMPLE:


NO

BICYCLES

AGAINST

GLASS

PLEASE



































READING


















A. Do not leave your bike touching the window


  1. Do not ride your bicycle in this area


  1. Broken glass may damage your bicycle tyres


  1. Your bike may not be safe here



0

A

B

C

D







WINTER OPENING TIMES

UNIVERSITY GARDENS

OPEN DAILY

10.00 A.M.-4.00 P.M.

_________________________


COMPANY SECURITY

Office staff must have their identity cards with

them at all times.


_______________________________________



NO DIVING ALLOWED EXCEPT AT

THE DEEP END OF

THE SWIMMING

POOL

_______________________


Patients with appointments ring

once and enter.

Those with enquiries

ring twice and enter.

______________________

NEVER LEAVE

LUGGAGE UNATTENDED

A The gardens are not open on weekdays in the winter.

В The gardens are open one day a week in the winter.

С You cannot visit the gardens at weekends in winter.

D You can visit the gardens on any winter day.


A The company insists office workers carry an

identity card.

В Show your identity card when asked to do so.

С Staff should keep their identity cards in a safe

place.

D Staff identity cards are available at the office.

A If you are not good at diving, keep to the

shallow end.

В You must not dive into the pool where the

water is shallow.

C The water is not deep enough in this pool for

you to dive.

D You are not permitted to swim where people

are diving.______________________________


A To make an appointment, ring once and enter.

В You should ring twice and enter unless you

have an enquiry.

C Ring once if you have an appointment and

twice if you don't.

D If you have an enquiry to make, enter and

then ring the bell twice.

______________________________________

A You must stay with your luggage at all times.

В You must check in your luggage immediately.

C Do not let someone else look after your lug­gage.

D Do not forget your luggage when you leave.

Название документа упражнение 16.doc





Choose the right answer.



ABOUT ENGLISH WEATHER


English weather on the whole is not 0 B_ good. It is very damp, they have a great

1 of rain and the English summer is usually 2 . They 3 during winter

to have two or three months of 4 good weather. But usually when the summer

comes, summer months are rather cold, 5 with a great deal of rain. The weath-
er is very 6 and one never knows when there are going to be 7 periods of

rain. One can never 8 on the weather. The English winter on the whole is not

as 9 as the Russian winter. They have some frost and snow. Again in England

they don't have a great deal of snow and it is not very 10 . The most 11

aspect of English weather is fog. In autumn the weather is very damp and 12 .

It is partly 13 by the fact that many people have fireplaces in their homes.

When people 14 round the fire the cold and dampness outside doesn't 15 to

matter so much.



0

A differently

В

exceptionally

С

unusually

D

abnormally

1

A treat

В

act

С

deal

D

cope

2

A misleading

В

disappointing

С

displeasing

D

dissatisfying

3

A think

В

hope

С

expect

D

anticipate

4

A extremely

В

utmost

С

furthest

D

outermost

5

A continually

В

evermore

С

forever

D

always

6

A wavering

В

unstable

С

changeable

D

inconstant

7

A long

В

extensive

С

prolonged

D

lengthy

8

A trust

В

depend

С

confide

D

rely

9

A distressing

В

intense

С

hard

D

severe

10

A bottomless

В

low

С

deep

D

unplumbed

11

A disagreeable

В

offensive

С

repulsive

D

unpleasant

12

A nasty

В

polluted

С

sickening

D

indecent

13

A repaid

В

compensated

С

balanced

D

recompensated

14

A assemble

В

collect

С

obtain

D

gather

15

A look

В

appeal

С

seem

D

appear










ANSWERS


  1. C 9. D

  2. B 10. C

  3. C 11. D

  4. A 12. A

  5. D 13. B

  6. C 14. D

  7. A 15. C

  8. B

Название документа упражнение 3.doc

Упражнение 3


Прочитайте краткое содержание четырех кинофильмов (AD). Установите соответствие утверждений 1-8 содержанию каждого из кинофильмов и впишите соответствующую букву (Л, В, С или D) рядом с номером каждого из утверждений.




A THE INTERPRETER

An FBI agent has to protect a United Nations interpreter (Nicole Kidman) who learns

about a plot to kill someone important.



В MARIA FULL OF GRACE

An innocent-looking 17-year-old girl tries to

free her Columbian family from poverty by smuggling drugs.


С HITCH

Professional matchmaker Alex 'Hitch'

Hitchens (Will Smith) needs some of his own advice to get journalist Sara (Eva Mendes) interested in him.



D DOWNFALL

The last days of Adolph Hitler sees through

the eyes of his personal secretary.



1 is good for someone interested in history.

2 _______ is about falling in love.

3 shows the life of poor people.

4 is full of action.

5 is about real historical people and event.

6______ tells us something about life in South America.

7 is happening in the world of modern politics.

8 is about someone who helps people to find a girlfriend or boyfriend.

Название документа упражнение 4.doc

Упражнение 4



Прочитайте тексты про экскурсии в Лондоне и ответьте на вопросы 1—12.


THINGS ТО SEE IN LONDON

Hyde Park

London's largest and most fashionable park. It was once a royal hunting forest. Restaurants and bars at each end of the lake. Swim or hire a boat on the Serpentine.

Downing Street

Number 10 Downing Street has been the home of the British Prime Minister since 1735.

The Houses of Parliament

Its official name is the Palace of Westminster. Most of the building was built in 1840 after a fire in 1834 destroyed the old palace. At the north end of the building by Westminster Bridge is the famous clock tower, Big Ben. In fact Big Ben is really the name of the bell in the tower not the clock.

The Tower of London

London's oldest building. Since it was built by William the Conqueror in the 11th century, this castle has been a royal palace, a prison, a place of execution, a zoo, the Royal Mint and an observatory. Today it's a museum and houses the Crown Jewels. Gift shop. Open Monday - Saturday 9.30 - 5.45, Sundays 2 - 5.45

The National History Museum

Situated in Kensington. One of London's greatest museums. A huge collection of animals and plants, including a quarter of a million butterflies, a blue whale and the famous dinosaur skeletons. Cafeteria, gift shop and book shop. Open daily 10-5.45

Madame Tussaud's, Marylebone Road

This famous waxworks has models of famous people from pop stars to prime ministers. Displays of battles and Chamber of Horrors. Gift shop. Open every day 10 - 5.30, except Christmas Day

The Royal Observatory, Greenwich

10 miles outside London on a hill above the River Thames. The Observatory contains telescopes and displays about astronomy, including Halley's Comet and Black Holes. The international meridian line runs through the Observatory. Video theatre and souvenir shop. Picnic in Greenwich Park. Take a river boat to Greenwich from Westminster Bridge. Open 10.30 a.m. - 5.30 p.m., closed 25-28 December

  1. What is the Serpentine?

  2. What is the Palace of Westminster?

  3. What is the Prime Minister's address?

  4. Where is the National History Museum?

  1. Where can you stand with one foot in the western hemisphere and one foot in the eastern hemisphere?

  1. At how many places can you buy something to eat?

  2. At how many places can you buy souvenirs?

  3. Where can you see butterflies?

  4. Which building is nine hundred years old?

  5. Which places open at half past ten in the morning?

  1. Find two places where you can see the Prime Minister? 12 .Which place is not open on Sunday mornings?




Название документа упражнение 5.doc

Упражнение 5


Прочитайте текст и ответьте на вопросы 1—12 после текста.


A long way to travel for your dinner

This is an arctic tern. It is not a very big bird. It is only about six inches (16 centimetres) from its bright red beak to its tail. But soon this small bird will begin an incredible journey. It will fly from one end of the Earth to the other - a journey of about 12,000 miles (18,000 kilometres).

The tern spends the summer in the Arctic, but it cannot spend the winter there. It is too cold and there is no food. If the tern stays in the Arctic, it will die. But when it is winter in the northern hemisphere, it is summer in the southern hemisphere. In autumn the arctic tern will leave the North Pole and fly south across the equator to the South Pole. When spring comes again in the northern hemisphere, the tern will return to the Arctic.

When the terns migrate, birds from Europe, America and Asia meet over the Atlantic Ocean near Ireland. From here some of the birds will fly along the west coast of Africa. Other terns will follow the east coast of South America. At the same time birds from Alaska will travel down the Pacific coast of America to Antarctica.

How do these small birds make this incredible journey? We don't know the answer. Perhaps they use the sun, the moon and the stars as a compass. If it's cloudy or foggy, the birds will not migrate. In its life, an arctic tern travels as far as the moon and back! That's a long way to travel for your dinner.



  1. What is the name of the bird?

  2. How big is the bird?

  3. What does it do every year?

  4. Does it travel over land or over the sea?

  5. How does the bird do it?

  6. Why can't the tern spend winter in the Arctic?

  7. Why do the terns fly to the Antarctic?

  8. How far does a tern travel in one year?

  9. Where do the Atlantic birds meet?

  10. What are the two Atlantic routes?

  11. Why do people think the birds use the sun, the moon and stars?

  12. How far does a tern travel in its life?


Название документа упражнение 6.doc

Упражнение 6


Прочитайте отрывки текста AG и расположите их в логическом порядке.

Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.

A Arthur left Sir Kay and quickly went to the church. There were no longer any knights

outside by the stone because they were at the tournament. Arthur climbed down from

his horse and went to the stone. He took the sword in his hand and pulled. It came out of

the stone easily. He ran back to his horse with the sword.


В The sword came out as easily as knife out of butter. Sir Ector saw this and took Arthur's

hand. "You are my king,' he said. Arthur did not understand. What did his father mean?

"Arthur," Sir Ector said slowly, "I love you very much but I am not really your father.

Merlin, the famous man of magic, brought you to me when you were a small child."


С Every knight tried to pull the sword out of the stone. Nobody could do it - the sword did

not come out. The knights pulled and pulled but they could not move the sword. Ten

knights stayed and guarded the sword. Others went to invite all the great men in the

country to London for a tournament. They hoped one of those strong men could pull out

the sword.


D Some minutes later, he met Sir Kay and Sir Ector again, and he showed them the sword.

"Where did that come from?" Sir Ector asked. He knew about the words on the stone.

They went back to the place outside the church, and Sir Ector put the sword in the stone

again. "Now pull it out," he said to Arthur. Arthur pulled it out.


E Then they went to the knights and told them everything. The knights were angry. They

did not think that Arthur was really the king. So Merlin called all of them to the stone.

Arthur put the sword back into the stone. As the knights watched, he pulled it out easily.

Then the knights believed. Everybody shouted, "Arthur is our king! Arthur is our king!"



F One day, when Arthur was a young man, Merlin and all the knights went to London.

They met in a large church. When they came outside, they saw something strange in

front of the church. It was a very big stone with a great sword in it. The sun shone on

the sword and it looked very strong. On the stone were the words: "Only the king can

take the sword from the stone."

G Sir Ector, the king, came to the tournament with his two sons, Sir Kay and young

Arthur. Arthur was sixteen years old. The young men wanted to fight with the other

knights but Sir Kay did not have the sword. Arthur was a kind young man. He wanted to

help his brother. "There is a sword in a stone outside a church. I saw it on the way

here," he said. "I can go and get it for you."



1

2

3

4

5

6

7










Название документа упражнение 7.doc

READING VII form


Read this section from a diary carefully. Who do you think this diary belong to?


Saturday, 14th February

Valentine’s Day!


Only one card for me this morning. I think it was from my Mum, too- how embarrassing!- she always uses green ink and the address was in green ink. I can’t tell Sam about getting a card from my Mum at school on Monday, can I? No card from Arabella. Now I know: she fancies Harold Stump, not me. He’s good at football and I’m hopeless at it, that’s why.

There was one card for my Dad. It was massive, about 40 centimetres long, with little pink hearts and red roses and things really embarrassing and silly. He opened it and started smiling at Mum. She went on red, because the card wasn’t from her. It was a joke from my sister!



II. Vocabulary work


Read the diary section again. Choose the best meaning for these words or phrases.

  1. fancies

a) writes to b) likes c) thinks about

2. hopeless

a) very good b) quite good c) very bad

3. massive

a) a very large b) interesting c) funny

4. silly

a) frightening b) bad c) stupid



III. Write short answers to the questions:


  1. Who are Edgar’s friends at school?

  2. Edgar likes a girl at school. What’s her name?

  3. The girl doesn’t fancy Edgar. Who does she like?

  4. Who is hopeless at football?

  5. Who got a large card with pink hearts on it for Valentine’s Day?

  6. Who went all red in the face?

  7. Who was the card from?



IV. The section comes from the diary of a 14-year-old English schoolboy , called Edgar Spoon. Complete this text about Edgar’s Valentine’s Day with verbs from below:


Opened was wanted looked

wasn’t arrived smiled was


It 1)________ Valentine’s Day. In the morning there 2)________ one card for Edgar, but he 3)________ very happy with it because it was from his mother. Edgar 4)________ a card from a girl at his school, Arabella. Then a massive card 5)______ for his father. When his father 6)________ the envelope and 7)_________ at the card, he 8)__________ at Edgar’s Mum… but the card wasn’t from her, it was from Edgar’s sister. It was a joke.


VALENTINE’ S DAY ( answers)



II Vocabulary work

1 b 2 c 3 a 4 c


III Write short answers to the questions:


  1. Harold and Sam are.

  2. Her name is Arabella.

  3. She likes Harold Stump.

  4. Edgar is.

  5. Edgar’s Dad did.

  6. Edgar’s Mum did.

  7. It was from Edgar’s sister.


IV. 1) was 2) was 3) wasn’t 4)wanted 5) arrived 6) opened 7) smiled 8) looked




Название документа упражнение 8.doc

READING



You are going to read a very interesting article about the power of colour. Seven sentences have been removed from the text. First read the article ignoring the missing sentences. Then read the sentences A-H in the box on the opposite page and choose the sentence which fits each gap. There is one extra sentence which you do not need to use. There is an example at the beginning (0).

Today, fashion dictates not only the clothes we wear, but the colours, too. Did you know that colours have had important meanings since ancient times?


0

H

If you take a stroll around the fashion department of any high street store today, you'll be dazzled by the variety of colours, patterns and textures available. However, there is nothing new in this. For the Ancient Egyptians, the Celts in Britain, the Aztecs in South America, colour was an important part of life.


1

In many ancient civilisations, people painted coloured circles and lines around their eyes and mouths. Originally they did this to please the gods and scare away evil spirits. But they soon realised that colour could be used to make their faces and bodies beautiful — and cosmetics were born. They were first used to distinguish between different tribes, and also between males and females. Women used colour and pattern to emphasise their body shape. By contrast, men tended to use designs that emphasised their strength and skill.

Body painting is one of the most ancient arts of humankind and today it is coming back into fashion.

2


Until recently, only men used tattoos on their bodies. Girls who prefer not to have tattoos paint patterns on their hands and faces with henna, or use removable transfers to decorate their arms and legs. Like their ancient ancestors, they are pursuing an ideal of beauty.

Eventually, the colours of our clothes became just as important as those used for painting the body. Clothes are a symbol of power. The power in the clothes affects both the person who wears them and the people around him or her. So it's important to choose the colours you wear carefully.

3


But if you wear it too long, you can start to feel impatient or aggressive. The colour green, on the other hand, is known to calm the nerves and soothe emotions.

The mysterious Aztec and Maya civilisations were not familiar with wool, linen or silk, some of our most popular modern fabrics. But they dyed their textiles with great artistry. For them, every colour had a meaning, either positive or negative. For example, yellow was the symbol of the sun and of ripe corn growing in the fields, and blue meant the wearer had royal ancestors. Red stood for blood.

4



In ancient Egypt, gold was the colour of the Sun god and the symbol of power. In traditional Asian cultures, white is the colour of sorrow. The blue of the sky, the red of the sun and the paleness

the moon were associated with religious rituals, legends and poetry.

With the passing of time, fashion has become increasingly international. Today, the same fabrics, colours and designs are available all over the world. Fashion dictates not only the clothes we wear, but the colours, too. Every colour under the sun is available in today's style parade.

5




The best thing is to go for the colours that suit you best. Choose a colour that doesn't make your complexion look too pale, one that doesn't clash with your hair colour, one that reflects your personality. And remember that colours can influence the way you feel. Wear colours that make you feel confident and relaxed.

Just as in ancient times, the right clothes give you power, make you look good, and help to identify you as part of your group. Today, however, you don't have to be wealthy to look stylish

6








A This is because the high street has just put style within reach of all of us.

B Pink, lilac, strawberry-red, pea-green, bright-orange—which one would you choose?

C Now, however, they can be seen on many women and girls, too.

D For example, ancient Celtic women painted their bodies blue.

E Did you know, for example, that wearing a red sweater or jacket can increase your energy

level?

F Black symbolised war and death.

G We feel we have to buy them because the shops are full of them,

H The truth that is ancient peoples already recognized the magical power of colour.






ANSWERS


1. D 2. C 3. E 4. F 5. B 6. A










































Название документа упражнение 9.doc

Chocolate: Reading


1 I know that I have a problem – a big problem. It may sound funny but it’s very bad for me – for my health and for my life. What’s the problem? I can’t stop eating chocolate!


2 I started eating chocolate as a child of course; me and my sisters all ate a lot of different kinds of chocolate. However, my sisters and I are adults now and I’m the only one who still eats it a lot. My elder sister can have a bar of Toblerone and make it last a week. My younger sister is happy with one box of chocolates a year for Mother’s Day. My parents don’t eat any chocolate at all. Me – I need it every day, and lots of it too.


3 So, how much do I eat? Well, I have about 10 bars of chocolate a day. My first bar is at 8 o’clock in the morning, and then I have my last one just before I go to bed. Sometimes if there’s no chocolate in the house I drive to the nearest shop that sells it (about 2 kilometres away) and buy some more. I even drive out late at night if I need some chocolate. If the children (and this is terrible, I know) have chocolate in the house I take it. When Sarah was eight someone gave her a box of chocolates for her birthday. I took the box and then, when she was out playing, I ate some. Then I ate some more. I finished the whole box! A few days later she said, “Where’s my box of chocolates?” and I said, “I don’t know”. I know that was very bad. At Christmas we got a giant family-sized bag of chocolate sweets, I ate the whole bag on my own in two days!


4 I know eating a lot of chocolate is bad for my health. There’s a lot of sugar in all types of chocolate. There’s also a lot of fat. I think that’s why I have many spots on my face, and I’m a little overweight too. Sometimes I try to stop but if I don’t have any, I get very bad headaches. However, as soon as I have some chocolate I feel better and happier too. I know that it’s also very bad to take and eat chocolate that’s not mine but I can’t stop myself.


5 What can I do? Even at night I dream about chocolate. My favourite dream is falling down a hole and landing on a big pile of chocolate bars! I really do want to stop, or start to eat less. At the supermarket there’s always chocolate for sale while I wait to pay for my shopping. At the station (bus, train, underground…) there’s always chocolate for sale in machines. Everywhere I look there’s chocolate for sale! I try to speak to my family but nobody understands. They all like chocolate but nobody wants to eat 10 bars a day, and nobody understands why I do.


6 I need help! Please tell me what I can do to stop eating chocolate!









Chocolate: Reading tasks

1 Ask and answer these questions about chocolate

a Do you like chocolate cake? Chocolate ice-cream? Chocolate bars? Hot chocolate drinks?

b How much chocolate do you have every week?

c Do you eat more chocolate now than when you were a child, or less?

d Do you think it’s bad that some children eat a lot of chocolate?


2 Read a text written by Cheryl, a woman who is addicted to chocolate. Who is she writing to?

a Her mother

b A newspaper

c A magazine problem page

d A company that makes chocolate


3 Read the text again and match a summary with a paragraph.

Summary paragraph

a Cheryl is the only one addicted to chocolate in her family 1

b Why Cheryl’s addiction is a problem 2

c Cheryl wants help 3

d The description of the addiction 4

e An introduction to the problem 5

f Why the addiction is difficult to stop 6


4 Are the following sentences True or False?

a Cheryl is the middle child in her family

b She is a mother

c Sarah is one of her sisters

d Cheryl feels ill if she stops eating chocolate

e She feels both good and bad after eating chocolate

f It’s very easy to buy chocolate

g Her family don’t give her any help


Chocolate : Reading tasks

(answers)


II C


III.

1 E 2 A 3 D 4 B 5 F 6 C


IV

True or False?

A true

B true

C false

D true

E false

F true

G true




Название документа упражнения 1 и 2.doc

ЧТЕНИЕ


Упражнение 1

Посмотрите на рисунки. Прочитайте мини-тексты и установите, какие из четырех заведений являются банком, почтой, магазином и музеем, воспользовавшись подсказками.




A Opening Times

Tuesday – Sunday

from 10.00 - 8.00

closed every Monday

В Opening hours

Monday - Friday

9.00 -12.30 and 2.00 -5.30

Saturday 9.00 - 12.30

Sunday Closed

С OPENING HOURS

Monday - Saturday

8.00- 8.00

Sunday 9.00 - 6.00

D Hours of Business

Monday – Friday

9.30-3.30


The bank doesn't open every day.

The shop opens before the museum.

The post office doesn't open on Sundays.

The museum and the bank don't close at lunchtime. The bank opens for five days a week.




Bank

Post Office

Shop

Museum



































Упражнение 2

Прочитайте статью из газеты и установите соответствие утверждений 1—5 содержанию текста. Отметьте каждое утверждение TRUE, если оно соответствует содержанию текста, или FALSE,если оно не соответствует содержанию текста.

Oldest FA Cup Goes on sale

LONDON The oldest Football Association Cup goes on sale at Christie's auction this weekend.

A Cup that the Football Association presented to the winning teams between 1896 and 1910 goes on sale. It is not the first FA cup. A thief stole the first cup from a shop window in Birmingham in 1895. This second cup went to Lord Kinnaird in 1911 to celebrate his 21st anniversary as President of the Football Association. It is made of silver and experts say its price may reach a record £300,000.

The most expensive football item so far was a World Cup trophy which sold in 1997 for £254,500.


1 The cup on sale is the first FA cup.

2 The FA presented this cup to the winning teams between 1986 and 1910.

3 A thief stole the first cup from a shop window in London.

4 Lord Kinnaird was the president of the Football Association for 21 years.

5 A World Cup trophy sold in 1997 for £300,000.





Название документа упражнения 13 14 и 15.doc

Reading

I

Match these interesting short texts with the titles. One title is extra!


  1. Ice hotel E. Unusual behaviour

  2. Helpful tip F. Different behaviour

  3. Famous veggies G. Couch -potatoes

  4. If you are in a hurry H. Crocodile for a pet


  1. Fisherman in southern Florida reported of unusual occasion he had seen. Some large river sturgeons have been leaping out of the water and landing on unsuspecting fishermen. It is not clearly understood why they do it. Most experts simply conclude that they do it,” because they can”.

  2. Edd China is a crazy inventor. He has invented a mobile bathroom for those who wake up late in the morning. Now Edd is working on a mobile kitchen.

  3. How many hours a day do you spending front of a TV set? One? Three? Six? The average American watches almost four hours of TV a day. That adds up to nearly two months of TV viewing a year!

  4. If you use the same pencil to take a test that you used for studying for the test, the pencil will remember the answers. That’s what experienced American students say.

  5. Sir Pau McCartney isn’t the only vegetarian among the rich and famous. Among the celebs who don’t eat meat are: Bryan Adams, Damon Albarn, Drew Barrymore, Joanna Lumley, Lenny Kravitz, Liv Tyler, Moby.

  6. Located 200 km north of the Arctic Circle, this 4-star hotel is the largest world’s igloo. Guests sleep on ice beds covered with reindeer skins, watch films on an ice screen, and drinking glasses are made of ice. The temperature inside is 7 degrees below zero. As you see it promises to be a cool party on New Year’s Eve!

Incredibly, every spring the hotel melts away and every autumn

it has to be built all over again.

  1. Men often complain that women talk too much, especially on

the phone. Professor Boynton of University College, London,

has come up with a simple explanation—women have much to talk about. They discussed up to 40 different subjects, while the men’s conversations are very limited. Once men had exhausted sport, women, jokes and work, they ran out of new things to say. The women, on the other hand, talked about everything from friends, sex and health to music, culture and politics—disproving the theory that women spend all their time talking about husbands and boyfriends.



1

2

3

4

5

6

7









II

Read the article and do the task after it. Choose the correct ending to the sentences. Fill your answers to the table.

When a name can cost up to $100,000

He’s not a doctor or even a marketing specialist. But when a pharmaceuticals firm wants to launch a drug, James Dettore often tops the list of people to contact. Dettore, president of the Miami-based Brand Institute, charges companies such as Smith-Kline Beecham $100,000 a time to perfect something that is becoming as crucial to a drug’s success as its clinical effectiveness: its name.

Naming used to be a straightforward undertaking – aspirin was so called because it consisted of acetylsalicylic acid based on extracts from the spirea plant – but now the naming of drugs has ballooned into a multimillion-dollar industry.

New drugs receive a generic name, subject to approval by the World Health Organisation, but it is in choosing the trade name that naming consultants come into their own.

The process begins with brainstorming sessions among pharmacists, physicians and consumers, says Dettore. There are some basic rules at Brand Institute: the perfect name is held to consist of 10 letters or fewer, and no more than three syllables.

But much depends on fashion. Where once drugs companies chose names that blind­ed the public with science, now there has been a shift in the direction of airy, abstract names embodying hope, wellness and the promise of transformation.

Some drugs make hold claims for their own efficacy. Zyban, an antidepressant aimed at those trying to quit smoking, implies that it will “ban” their habits. Some seek out favourable euphonic associations, as in the vigour and virility of Viagra. And that upbeat prefix “pro” never goes amiss: “There are more than 4,000 ‘pro’ prefix names in the various registries,” Dettore says.

Pharmaceuticals firms often opt for names beginning with A so that they are placed near the beginning of drugs formularies. Others piggyback on existing brands by borrowing parts of their names. Abbot Laboratories’ Aids drug Norvir has echoes of Glaxo’s AZT brand Retrovir.

Devising an evocative name is only the first hurdle. Once it has been formulated, lingists check that names are pronounceable worldwide and don’t have obscene or embarrassing meanings in other languages.

The costliest part of the exercise involves hiring armies of lawyers to sift through trademark registries and medical regulations to ensure the name does not contravene consumer legislation or infringe existing marks – of which there are more than lm in the European Union.

Choosing a name similar to an existing one can cause trouble. Confusion between Merck’s gastrointestinal drug Losec and the antihypertension treatment Lasix prompted the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to order Merck to change it to Prilosec. The FDA also scuppered Pharmacia and Upjohn’s plans to market its baldness treatment as Regaine, on the basis that it didn’t stimulate permanent hair regrowth.

Naming is becoming more and more complicated,” says Dettore with a hint of worry. “People are saying we might even run out of names.”

  1. The Brand Institute in Miami:

  1. develops new pharmaceutical products

  2. creates names for new drugs

  3. makes sure that new drugs are clinically effective

  4. markets new drugs


  1. Nowadays the development of drug trade names:

  1. is simple and straightforward

  2. is done by pharmacists

  3. is done by the World Health Organisation

  4. has grown into a big industry


  1. At the moment, the ideal name for a new drug:

  1. has more than 10 letters

  2. is abstract with the promise of future health

  3. has only two syllables

  4. is long and scientific


  1. Linguists check that names:

  1. don’t have negative meanings in other languages

  2. are simple to pronounce for English speakers

  3. aren’t existing trademarks in other countries

  4. are easy to spell for all nationalities


  1. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) can order the change of a drug name if it :

  1. has an embarrassing meaning in another language

  2. sounds like a type of food or drink

  3. is similar to the name of another drug

  4. is too long and complicated



A

B

C

D

E









III

Read the text and fill in gaps 1-6 with parts of the sentences marked with the letters

A-G. One of the parts in the list A-G is extra! Put the chosen letters into the table.


A Christmas Story

We'd like to share with you a remarkable Christmas story: one of courage, life, and love.

Twenty-five years ago, Ray Anderson, a single parent with a one-year-old son, was returning home after running a few errands Christmas Eve when he witnessed a horrendous accident 1_________________________ and collided with the car of Sandra Jenkins. The impact of the collision killed Sandra instantly, but her three-month-old daughter was left trapped upside down in the burning wreckage seemingly doomed to a fiery tomb. While others looked on in horror, Anderson jumped out of his vehicle and crawled into the car through the shattered rear window to try to free the infant. Seconds later, the car was totally engulfed in flames, but Anderson was miraculously able to pull the baby to safety. While the child came out of the accident virtually unscathed, Anderson suffered third degree burns over 80 percent of his body. Two days later, Anderson died, 2_________________________ in the media. Anderson's son was soon adopted by relative, and the family moved to the East Coast.

The most remarkable part of this story unfolded only last week. Karen and her fiancee, Aaron, were looking through some old boxes in the attic of Karen's home when they came across some old newspapers clippings. "This is me when I was a newborn baby. I was rescued from a burning car, but my mother died in the accident," explained Karen. Although Aaron knew Karen's mother had died years earlier, 3__________________________________ he started to skim over the newspaper article. Karen continued to sort through some old books when saw Aaron absorbed in the details of the accident. Then she noticed, to her much surprise, tears swelling up in his eyes, and he began to cry uncontrollably. Then, in between sobs, he went on to reveal that the man that pulled her from the flames was the father he never knew. The two embraced and shed many tears that afternoon, recounting stories told to them about their parents.

What really drew their attention was 4___________________________ until that moment. According to the article, Aaron's father was on a mission of love that fateful Christmas Eve in the process of distributing care packages to needy families in the area. That was a yearly tradition that he performed unbeknownst to everyone except two close friends. This he did because of his firm conviction that the best Christmas gifts came not from the gift received, 5___________________, and that those acts of charity should remain anonymous. As it turns out, Karen's mother was also involved in similar volunteer work throughout the community.

In honor of their parents and the desire to share the gift of Christmas, Aaron and Karen have committed to carry on similar acts of kindness. While hardship, grief, and tragedy plague our lives, the gift of 6______________________________ and brings greater hope for those downtrodden and low in spirit.

Merry Christmas to all of you.



A. but his heroic act was published widely

B. but from those given

C. and was buried

D. which took place when the driver of a truck ran a red light

E. some other details unknown to both of them

F. he never fully understood the circumstances until

G. the love seems to transcend all material obstacles


1

2

3

4

5

6




















Reading ( keys)

I

Match these interesting short texts with the titles. One title is extra!


1

2

3

4

5

6

7

E

D

G

B

C

A

F


II

Read the article and do the task after it. Choose the correct ending to the sentences. Fill your answers to the table.

When a name can cost up to $100,000

A

B

C

D

E

2

4

2

1

3


III

Read the text and fill in gaps 1-6 with parts of the sentences marked with the letters

A-G. One of the parts in the list A-G is extra! Put the chosen letters into the table.


A Christmas Story

1

2

3

4

5

6

D

A

F

E

B

G




Разноуровневые задания по чтению в формате ЕГЭ
  • Иностранные языки
Описание:

Задания соответствуют уровням  А-2, В-1.

Определённый интерес представляет собой текст стихотворения. В нём учащимся предлагается составить четверостишия в логическом порядке. Упражнение нацеливает на художественное восприятие текста, нахождение логических связей, подобрать вывод-мораль.

В завершающей части представлены тексты  повышенного уровня, представляющие трудность для выпускников школ ( Intermediate \ UpperIntermediate)

Задания, предназначенные для выполнения до чтения текста, развивают догадку тестируемых, учат их строить различные гипотезы;  упражнения во время чтения направлены на проверку основного содержания статьи или извлечения из неё основной информации. Упражнения после чтения тренируют основную лексику или грамматику, встречающуюся в тексте статьи.

Рассказ «Рождественская история» интересен и для дискуссии.

 

 

Автор Максимова Наталья Андреевна
Дата добавления 04.01.2015
Раздел Иностранные языки
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