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Проект "Toguzak: yesterday, today, tomorrow"

ГУ "Тогузакская средняя школа

отдела образования акимата Карабалыкского района"

Направление: Краеведение

Секция: Английский язык

Тема: From our window

Автор: Евтюшкина Эльвира Андреевна,

11 класс, Тогузакская СШ, с. Тогузак

Руководитель: Овчинникова Галина Сергеевна,

английский язык, Тогузакская СШ, с. Тогузак

Научный консультант: Штальман Елена Сергеевна,

история, Тогузакская СШ, с. Тогузак



Introduction .......................................................................................................................3

1. Study of history of Toguzak settlement

1.1 The history of my village..................................…………………………..........….....6

1.2 On the railway station ...........................................……………………………..….....9

2. Survey results' evaluation of the historic period from 1929 till 2014

2.1 Survey for the evaluation of the period by the settlement residents.........................14

2.2 Analysis of the survey................................................................................................15

2.3 Strategic ideas for the settlement................................................................................16

Conclusion …………………………………………………….......................................17




As English has become the dominant international common language in the world, the State program for the development and functioning of languages in the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2011-2020 has been adopted by the Decree of the President of Republic of Kazakhstan. The goal of the program – a harmonious language policy, which provides full-scale functioning of the state language as the most important factor for strengthening national unity by preservation of languages of all ethnic groups living in Kazakhstan. As a result of implementation of the State program for the development and functioning of languages Kazakhstan should achieve the following key indicators: increase of the share of republic’s population that speaks English to 10 % by 2014, to 15 % by 2017, to 20 % by 2020. [1]

The educational system of Kazakhstan has changed dramatically within a few last years. Especially the modifications are related to the content and functions of foreign language teaching and learning caused by changes in policy, economy and society. Even fifty years ago the number of people who needed to know the foreign language was quite small, but nowadays the situation has changed. The growth of professional requirements to foreign language knowledhe has been observed under the conditions of the fast developing intercultural integration and international policy held by Kazakhstan. All these conditions led to the modernization and intensification of of motivation of three languages policy as a new direction in the state policy of education [2].

In our project work we observe both history period from 1913 till 2014 of settlement Toguzak.

So the topic of our project work is “Yesterday, today, tomorrow of settlement Toguzak”. Creative topic is "The view from our window".

The relevance of current research: as rising of the interest to Kazakhstan; students would like to study history of our settlement in English to develop four basic language skills; history of Toguzak settlement is described in English for the first time.

The problem is in fact that older generation goes off and nobody collects and saves their knowledge of our settlement, though it can become a cause of disappearing of Toguzak history.

The object of investigation: the history of settlement.

The subject is the period of history from1913 till 2014.

The hypothesis: if we collect and save the historical information about Toguzak settlement it will become cultural inheritage.

The aim of the research: to study the history of the settlement and work out ideas of its development.

The following objectives are established:

  1. To define a research problem.

  2. To study literature on this issue.

  3. To systematize historical data of village.

  4. To work out the ideas for the future development of the settlement.

  5. To create a web page about our village.

In our investigation we use the following research methods:

  • studying and analyzing literature;

  • descriptive method

  • contextual method

  • transformative method

  • generalization of older generation's experience;

Structurally research consists of:

  • introduction

  • theoretical part

  • practical part

  • conclusion

  • references

  • appendices

In the introduction we set such points as the relevance of the topic, subject and object, advanced the hypothesis, the main goal and the objectives, indicated research methods, which we used in our investigation, scientific bases and practical value of our research.

The theoretical part we consider the location of settlement, describe the characteristics of Toguzak from 1913 till nowadays, the benefits being the Toguzak railway station and the difficulties that occur.

The practical part is devoted to working out the ideas if settlement development.

In the conclusion we summarize results of our investigation and give proof of the theoretical and practical value of the work and make conclusion.

Appendices contain the additional material to the theoretical and practical parts such as articles.

The spheres of approbation are the school lessons and extracurricular activities; teachers’ professional development seminars.

The practical value: the materials can be used in language teaching lesson.

1. Study of history of Toguzak settlement

1.1. History of my village

I live in a little settlement called Toguzak in the large country of Kazakhstan. The history of my village has mostly been lost, but through talking to our elders, we have been able to gather the facts about our village and the legend of the “nine white swans”.

Our village has a history filled with both glorious and bitter stories. There have been victories, heroic exploits and heavy labour but we also enjoy great pine trees by ‘long livers’, rivers with clean springs, beautiful houses and clean streets.

Toguzak is a railhead and is situated on the river Toguzak, 12 kilometers from Komsomolets, now known as Karabalyk and 140 kms from the regional centre of Kostanay. Where previously there had been the farm of Stepanovyh, the railway and bridge was built in 1913, followed by a railway station and barracks to service the railway. A grain elevator was built in 1970 which consisted of a caldron, cable and transformer stations, oil and fuel storage, sewage networks and accommodation. With employment in the settlement the population rose to 1500. The first school in Toguzak was built in 1934 with 500 students. Each class counted 25 students. There were several desks and benches per 4 pupils in each classroom [3].

Toguzak settlement was the largest station settlement and was ruled under the Kostanay Village Council. Broking of virgin soil brought vanity [4].

In 1994 the district consumer union (first director – Peter Semyonovich DAVIDOV), the chemical base (first head Lyubov Ivanovna NIR JACKPOT) met with the motor transportation enterprise “Selkhoztekhnika” (first director Egor Fedorovich of BYVAKIN) and joined under the name ATEP “Transselkhozkhimy” and moved the combined enterprise to Toguzak. While the village then had many enterprises, the settlement did not have a real owner and the inhabitants felt the settlement lacked amenities and suffered poor conditions. [5]

There were concerns about the levels of harmful toxic chemicals which had not been stored correctly. The people took their concerns and formed the Toguzaksky Village Council on September 25, 1989 which was headed by the director of the local school Galina Ivanova DMIRIEV. While this gave the people a voice, the grain elevator and rail station management remained the most powerful decision makers in Toguzakets. While the station master had worked in his position for over a quarter of a century and understood their concerns, there were many different directors working during that time which made it difficult to make change to fix the problems.

During the period in the 1990’s when Kazakhstan became Independent, the Toguzaksky elevator and the station Toguzak survived, however the population reduced from 1500 to 900, leaving many unused buildings which were tidied with the rubbish being moved to a village dump. The community began repairing buildings including the recreation centre, post office, House of Culture and the school.

A sports hall was added to the school and the school was renamed the Toguzak Secondary School. Ten shops were built including a barber and new streets appeared.

Within sight of the Toguzak village is Verenskiy, which is a coniferous forest of relict pine trees and valuable plants which have been included in the Red book - used to record valuable plants and animals.

However, with the development of farming and grazing, this special area was being damaged so the care of this area began being managed by village administration. Guards protected the area and owners of cattle fined for any damage. More recently this area has become a protected zone and entry is only allowed with special permission.

In 2008 with the support of parents, chiefs and teachers, the Toguzakschool was further renovated.

The elevator remains the main industry in the settlement of Toguzak, and is a subdivision of TOO Grain- growing Industry. The elevator is very important to agricultural producers, commercial organisations and private people as it offers many services including grain drying, storage and shipping. This has encouraged many farmers in our district. The elevator can store grain, legumes and oil bearing crops. It can handle up to 3000 tonnes of grain over a 24 hour period. In 2007 the Toguzak elevator was certified as a processor of international quality standard. [6]

On October 25, 1894 the first railway line in Kazakhstan opened after completion of construction of the narrow-gauge line in the Pokrovsk settlement (currently Engels the Saratov region in the Russian Federation) – Uralsk. 130km of this railroad passed across current Kazakshtan territory. Four years later, the narrow-gauge railway between Urbakh and Astrakhan became operational, of which 77km lay on the Kazakhstan steppe.

Construction in 1891-1896 was of great importance for development of Northern Kazakhstan. The Trans-Siberian Railway in particular, as it included 190 km through Kazakhstan. This road played a huge role in economic and cultural rapprochement of the Kazakh and Russian people.

On July 1st 1958, the largest railway is formed in the USSR the Kazakhstan. Over 11, 000km long, and consisting of 15 offices, uniting all width and meridional highways connecting Kazakhstan to Siberia, the Urals, the Volga region, Kyrgyzstan and Central Asia.

The current branch has been reformed, with the creation of JSC Kazakhstan Temir Zholy National Company. The reforms are focused on the transformation of railway transport in the country to a modern, highly affective organism which is integrated into continental system of transportations and capable as much as possible to conform to requirements of clients in the conditions of the developed market competition.

1.2. On the railway station

Toguzak railway station is a halting place for freight and passenger trains. At present, railway station are quite common in Kazakhstan. There are a number of railway stations in Karabalk region. Toguzak is of mediocre type. About our station it is written in regional newspaper "Aina".

The Toguzak station is known to every resident in the area. The first association is the whistle of the locomotive and the knock of the wheels of passenger and freight trains. Toguzak rails were laid more than 89 years ago. On August 1, 2004, rail workers celebrated this date as the 100th anniversary of its creation in the Republic of Kazakhstan.


Tasbulat Altayevich Amanzhulov has served as chief of the station for 20 years. He is responsible for traffic safety of trains, servicing of trains, and is the head of staff management. He tries to help to akimat and local school. The station originally consisted of one platforms and four lines.


Verbovaya Larisa is the person on duty at the station, and Shabalina Lyubov is a manager


Fedor Proskurnikov and Sergey Malko are ‘Non-destructive testing inspecors’, with more than 10 years work at the station each.

It was not easy to become better acquainted with the staff at Toguzak station, as the railroad is a huge organisation which runs by accurately established rules. There are nine departments within the station: operators, railway men, electricians, bridge inspectors, mechanics, drivers, firemen, cashiers, and service of forest shelter planting, employing 83 people. The viability of the station and the safety of all workers depends on everyone performing their work exactly as required. It only takes one bolt to be overlooked, one millimeter in calculations to be incorrect or one link in the chain to be missing for large issues to arise. These would result in services being suspended, employees and community will suffer, and clients and the organisation will suffer heavy losses. Therefore discipline at the station is rigid as in army because the responsibility is too great. 24 hour surveillance, daily medical examinations and a biannual thorough examination are conducted, as employees require faultless health to perform at their best.


This sophisticated device is called a ‘moderon’, which transports cross ties and other materials. The crew of railwaymen pictured are: the roadman Ivan Lyulyuk, foremen Vasily Vorona and Alexander Shavshun, adjusters of a way Berik Esmakov, Gennady Zelikh, Igor Zhuchenko, Vitaly Kolesnik.


Kolesnik Lyudmila also works here as a ticket clerk. Yefimova Natalya, pictured above, is a veteran of the railroad, having worked there for 39 years, from 1972.

Togukaz station services 16 kilometers of railway, which is a site of increased danger and special complexity.

The crisis following the collapse of the USSR which affected the while countries’ economy, also affected this once powerful and prosperous area. The railroad also endured this affect in due time, with a disruption of production as a result of both deficiency of financing, and a problem with a salary. However today, as workers note, life is adjusted and even after all shocks were felt, the sphere of railway transport continues to remain strong and prospective. Workers do not complain to a decrease in salaries,and to attention to the problems. This year, for example, the Kazakhstan Temir Zholy company has implemented a program in which the children of railroad workers who showed willingness to go in the footsteps of their parents can be trained in higher and special education institutions funded by the company. The Toguzak station is working to meet the needs of many clients, and its capacities where are wider than the available work volume. (Appendix A)

The new Kazakh government has implemented new policy, and insists that the railroad should adopt new reforms, which will radically change the all tenor of life. The time has come that they should consider the privatisation of the railway. Productivity and correctness of these innovations will be tested in time. For now, the railroad is still uniform, working and a accurately debugged mechanism

Many conditions that the rail workers are subject to are harsh. During scorching heat in the summer, an icy cold winter, during autumn rains and spring snow melt workers bear watch on the site with which they are entrusted. [7]

One more distinctive feature of the workers at the station: extraordinary solidarity, unity, sincere aid to the friend. The secret of a railway brotherhood is simple: in the Toguzak railway whole families work together, which has even created dynasties as their children also come to work here and establish new families. Here relatives, close friends and neighbors all work together – railway. In Toguzak many well known surnames are Kalenova, Mazanko, Kolesnik, Zhuchenko, Yefimov, Pavlenko, Padalko, Malko, Voloshchenko, Amanzhulova, Iksanova. In these families, the profession of a ‘rail worker’ is passed down to young generations.[5]

2. Survey results' evaluation of the historic period from 1913 till 2014

2.1 Survey for the evaluation of the period by the settlement residents

Topic "From our window" wasn't chosen by accident. This project has huge importance in the development and forming personality of students and citizens. Very often global history excites people more than history of native land. We know a lot about building big cities, about history of whole countries, but we usually forget that our native settlement is a part of the history. That is why the aim of given project is bringing up love to a little motherland, elimination of white spots in Toguzak history and making chronicle up.

Researching and collecting information were made by student of eleventh grade Evtyushkina Elvira. Thanks to conducted survey we have realized importance of given problem for Toguzak citizens and how we can achieve aims of the project.

Questionnaires were used for collecting information. They were made by students under control of teachers. Some main questions were:

1. What do you know about native settlement?

2. Do you want to know something else? What?

3. What modifications do you want to see in Toguzak?

The main objective on this stage was clarification of fundamental attitudes of target audience and acquisition of source information about Toguzak citizen's knowledge and predilections. More than 150 respondents took a part in the investigation. They are students, teachers and citizens. Fixation of results was made in a standard form.

Questionnaires for the survey were with answers and blanks. Simple calculation and account of average answers became a basis for ideas of project.

Realization of citizen's intention is an opportunity to make information of Toguzak history more accessible for every Internet user even for English speakers.

2.2 Analysis of the survey

For the purpose of this study, we surveyed school teachers, students, children and parents with the following questions:

What do they know about their native land?

What they would like to know?

What they would like to have in their village?

The results showed that only 11% of the people knew the history of their village but 96% of them would like to see their village become more attractive. They would like to see a beautiful view and well equipped village from their window.

Those who went to war did not like to reflect back on that time, but their common goal was to protect their children, grandchildren and great grandchildren. While the memories of those who fought in the Second World War are held dear to the people of the village, there is sadness that there has not been a monument commemorating them. The people feel it would be respectful to have a monument to visit and leave flowers on March 9th, which recorded the names of their relatives and others who fought and lost their lives fighting for peace.

The school history teachers Elena and Natalia with the geography teacher Yevgenia Palovna have historical material for a museum, however there is currently a lack of space to house this.

The efforts of the teachers and parents combined, the Toguzak school is now one of the best in the region.

2.3 Strategic ideas for the settlement

As a result it is appeared idea of creation web page about history of settlement in English on Toguzak school site.
This page will let us to solve next objectives:

  • it'll let students, teachers and other users to use information about settlement for writting scientific works, reports and essays;

  • it will be able to be a good visual aid in conducting History lessons;

  • it'll let to add new facts, photos and videos into given material;

  • it'll immortalize our settlement in Internet and open access for English-speakers to know about us.

As well, citizens suppose it's necessary to create parkland with obelisk. Obelisk will pay tribute to veterans of great war II. These people were pride of settlement and they have the right on the graven memory.

Action group of our school have created mini projects of obelisk. (Appendix B)

Afterwards we organized online vote. The second one was chosen.

The obelisk will be able to become a visit card of our settlement and reference point in what direction visitors should move.

We (descendants) ought to render duty in conscience.


This project is very important for our village. Research has been sourced from newspaper publications, archived statistical data and questioning of elderly residents along with the younger generations.

Questions were asked about how they each viewed their village. It was evident from discussion that there was no structured historical information and that without understanding the past, we cannot build plans for the future. Everyone in the village was united in their dreams of having beautiful views from their windows. By studying the demographic and economic resources in our area, we realised that we need to clearly define a future direction for our village in the short term as it is impossible to plan too many years ahead. We were also guided by the message of our President of Kazakhstan 2050 which was reported on December 14, 2012.

This project incorporates both patriotic education and English communication.

I never imagined that living in a small town could have such an impact on my life.

You can begin to see that Toguzak is a small town. The population is roughly 300 people. Our main street consists of school, post office, elevator.

In New York if people are out and about, it's not often that they see anyone they know. Here, it's just the opposite. We can tell who's uptown by the cars parked on Main Street. It's unusual to see anyone you don't know.

Everybody who lives here has always felt safe, and slept well. That has changed a little in the pastmonths.

We live 140 kms away from Kostanay. It's very good position.

The history of my village has mostly been lost, but through talking to our elders, we have been able to gather the facts about our village and the legend of the “nine white swans”.

Our village has a history filled with both glorious and bitter stories. There have been victories, heroic exploits and heavy labour but we also enjoy great pine trees by ‘long livers’, rivers with clean springs, beautiful houses and clean streets.


1. The State program for the development and functioning of languages in the Republic of Kazakhstan





5. Данные по похозяйственной книге станции Тогузак

4. Свиркович И. "Тогузакский элеватор: 90 лет служения родине, хранению хлеба"// Карабалыкская районная газета "Айна" от 2013 июль 22 стр 3


6. Макарва Т. "На ближайшей станции сойду"// Карабалыкская районная газета "Айна" от 2004 август 5 № 33 (188) стр 5


6. Черныш П. М. "Наш отчий край Карабалык"изд. Костанай, 2004. – С. 323-325

Проект "Toguzak: yesterday, today, tomorrow"
  • Иностранные языки

Исследование заключается в изучении истории села и её систематизации, составлении идей развития села на ближайшие годы, привитии интереса к изучению английского языка, истории и обществознанию, развитие навыков прогнозирования, восприятие гражданских чувств. 

В качестве методов исследования применялись наблюдение, анализ, синтез и гипотетический метод. Новизна исследования заключается в малой изученности и системности исторических данных о родном селе.

Гипотеза. Если в ходе реализации проекта учащиеся приобретают знания об истории села, края, символики достопримечательностях., будут знать имена тех, кто основал и прославил край, начнут проявлять интерес к событиям сельской жизни и отражать свои впечатления в продуктивной деятельности, то можно считать, что цели и задачи проекта выполнены.

Область практического использования: работа окажется полезной для акиматов села и района, школьной и сельской библиотек, а также учителей английского языка, истории и обществознания в нашей школе.



Автор Хураскина Галина Сергеевна
Дата добавления 03.01.2015
Раздел Иностранные языки
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