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RUSSIAN NATIONAL HOLIDAYS AND CELEBRATIONS
WHY DO PEOPLE LIKE HOLIDAYS? Holidays and celebrations are an essential part of our life as they make our life more exciting and thrilling, give us changes and relaxation. Furthermore, national holidays and special occasions reflect cultural traditions and reveal the national character of a country.
Russia, as any other country in the world, is rich in festivals and national traditions. What does the word “festival” mean? A festival – is a special holiday often held in memory of a religious event marked by public enjoyment
What holiday is the most popular in Russia? 1 JANUARY In Russia the New Year's Day is more popular, especially with children. Grandfather Frost is believed to come at night and give presents to children.
How do Russian people celebrate New Year’s Day? The delightful New Year tree is always decorated for this day and joyful parties are held all over the country.
At midnight on the 31st of December people raise their wine glasses filled with sparkling champagne , listen to the Kremlin chimes beating 12 o’clock and wish happiness to one another. They start fireworks and make merry. Very often the celebrations last till the old New Year's Day. What happens at midnight?
What holidays are we given with the adoption of Christianity ? ORTHODOX CHRISTMAS is celebrated on the 7th of January with all night services in church.
Easter is the main Orthodox festival observed in spring. People colour eggs, enjoy traditional Russian dishes, churches hold special services on this day. There is no fixed date for Easter. It is usually marked in April.
What holiday marks the end of winter and the beginning of spring and Lent ? MASLENITSA (Shrovetide) Maslenitsa goes back to pagan times when Slavic tribes worshiped the god of the sun Yarilo. Our ancestors made pancakes, whose circular shape reminds us of the sun, and danced in a circle - traditional khorovod.
What holiday is an alternative to Women's day? The day of the Defender of fatherland 23 February Originally it was devoted to soldiers and officers who defended the country and served in the army.
What holiday is the day of paying tribute to women? WOMEN’S DAY 8 March Men and boys try to please their mothers, grandmothers, sisters and girlfriends by giving them presents, flowers and chocolates. Husbands and sons do all domestic chores about the house.
What is the first official state celebration of the year? DAY OF SPRING AND LABOUR 1 MAY On this spring day people prefer to go out into the streets and take part in all kinds of outdoor activities
What holiday celebrates the end of the Soviet Union's participation in World War II in Europe? VICTORY DAY 9 MAY Parades and processions of veterans are held in big cities to commemorate the victory over fascists' Germany on the 9th of May 1945.
People lay flowers in Victor' Parks in Moscow and St.-Petersburg, in Piskaryovskoye Cemetery in St.-Petersburg and at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Moscow.
When did Russia become an Independent State? Russia’s Independence Day is observed on the 12th of June. Russia became an independent country, the Republic of the Russian Federation after the break up of the Soviet Union in 1991. On that day in 1992 the first president of Russia was elected.
What holiday is celebrated on the 4th of November? DAY OF RECONCILIATION AND HARMONY
When and why does Russia celebrate CONSTITUTION DAY ? 12 DECEMBER
NEW YEAR’S DAY DAY OF KNOWLEDGE WOMEN’S DAY CHILDREN’S DAY VICTORY DAY CONSTITUTION DAY DAY OF RECONCILIATION AND HARMONY DAY OF SPRING AND LABOUR APRIL FOOL’S DAY HALLOWEEN Defender of fatherland Day of Ivan Kupala CHRISTMAS EASTER Shrovetide St. Valentine's Day HOLIDAYS STATE CELEBRATIONS FESTIVALS NATIONAL TRADITIONS
ENJOY THE TOPIC
Holidays and celebrations are an essential part of our life as they make our life more exciting and thrilling, give us changes and relaxation. Furthermore, national holidays and special occasions reflect cultural traditions and reveal the national character of a country.
Russia, as any other country in the world, is rich in festivals and national traditions. Russian people are considered to be generous, kind-hearted and easy-going; all these features can be traced in Russian celebrations and holidays.
Of course in different families different special occasions are marked in their special ways but all of them bring joy and delight making people happy and relaxed.
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