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New Year around the World Куликова Наталья Николаевна г. Дзержинск Нижегородская область ГБОУ СПО «Дзержинский педагогический колледж»
The New Year has been celebrated for thousands of years. Every culture has its own New Year festival. Here are some New Year festivals that are celebrated in Britain by people from different cultures.
China New Year's Eve Dinner The New Year's Eve dinner is the most important dinner for Chinese. Normally this is the family reunion dinner, especially for those with family member away from home. In the New Year's Eve dinner, normally fish will be served. Dumplings are the most important dish in Northern China. These two dishes mean prosperous. Other dishes are depending on personal preference. The majority of Chinese will have New Year's Eve dinner at home instead of restaurant. Different part of China has very different traditions. The following are the most typical traditions.
China 2. Fireworks Fireworks are used to drive away the evil in China. Right after the 12:00 PM of the New Year's Eve, fireworks will be launched to celebrate the coming of the New Year as well as driven away the evil. It is believed that the person who launched the first Fireworks in the New Year will get good luck. 3. Shou Sui According to tales and legends, there was a mythical beast called the "Year". At the night of New Year's Eve, the "Year" will come out to harm people, animals, and proprieties. Later people found that the "Year" is afraid of red color, fire, and loud sound. Therefore, at the New Year's Eve night, people will launch fireworks, put on some fires, and stay awakes the whole night to fend of the "Year".
China 4.Red Packets Red packet is a red envelope with money in it, range from one to a few thousand Chinese Yuan. Usually the red racket is given by adults, especially married couple, and elderly to young children in the New Year days. It was believed that the money in the red packet will suppress the evil from the children, keep the children healthy, and long living.
5. New Year Markets At the New Years days, a temporarily market will be setup mainly selling New Year goods, such as clothing, fireworks, decoration, foods, small arts, etc. The market is usually decorated with a large amount of lanterns.
China 6. Small Year Small year is the 23th or 24th of the last month of the year. It is said that this is the day the food god will leave the family to go to the heaven to report the activity of family to the Emperor of the heaven. People will have some religious ceremony to farewell the food god, including take down and burn the paint of the food god. After the New Year's Day, people will buy a new paint of the food god and post it at the kitchen.
China 7. Cleaning A few days before the Chinese New Year, people will do a complete cleaning of the house and house ware; means get rid of the old and welcome the new. In old days when bath is not often, people will normally take a throughout bath to welcome the New Year. 8. Decoration After the cleaning, people will decorate the house to welcome the New Year. Most of the decorations are red in color. The most popular New Year decorations are upside down lantern, year paint, papercutting, door god, etc..
Scotland It may not be widely known but Christmas was not celebrated as a festival and was banned in Scotland for around 400 years, from the end of the 17th century to the 1950s. The reason for this has its roots in the Protestant Reformation when the Kirk portrayed Christmas as a Catholic feast and therefore had to be banned. Many Scots had to work over Christmas and their winter holiday was therefore at New Year when family and friends gathered for a party and exchange presents. Hogmany is the Scottish word for New Year’s Eve.
Scotland There are traditions before midnight such as cleaning the house on 31st December (including taking out the ashes from the fire in the days when coal fires were common). There is also the superstition to clear all your debts before "the bells" at midnight. Immediately after midnight it is traditional to sing Robert Burns ’For Auld Lang Syne’.
Scotland There is also a tradition called "First footing" (that is, the "first foot" in the house after midnight). To ensure good luck for the house, the first foot should be male, dark (believed to be a throwback to the Viking days when blond strangers arriving on your doorstep meant trouble) and should bring symbolic coal, shortbread, salt, black bun and whisky. These days, however, whisky and perhaps shortbread are the only items still prevalent (and available).
Scotland The magical Firework display and torchlight procession in the streets is reminiscent of the ancient custom at Scottish Hogmanay pagan parties hundreds of years ago. One of the most spectacular Fire ceremonies is Giant fireballs. Sixty men carry long metal poles with lit fireballs as they march up and down the High Street in Stonehaven. In pagans’ time people used such fireballs to drive away evil spirits.
Diwali is a festival which lasts for 5 days. Diwali means “row of lighted lamps”. The festival celebrates good over evil; light over darkness. The Goddess of Wealth (Lakshmi) is honoured during Diwali which is also considered to be the Hindu New Year. Because there are many regions in India, Diwali is celebrated in many different ways (and also all over the World.) Diwali is also used to celebrate a successful harvest. India Many Hindus celebrate New Year in October, at the same time as DIWALI, the festival of light.
What happens during Diwali? -Wearing new clothes -Spring cleaning houses -Having feasts -Decorating homes and buildings with fancy lights, candles and lamps (little lamps –divas are lit and they are floated on lakes and ponds). -Exchanging sweets and gifts -Drawing Rangoli patterns on floors - India
Rangoli patterns are drawn to welcome in visitors to people’s homes. They are also thought to welcome the Goddess of Wealth. - India
The demon Narakaasura was an evil king. He ruled with a reign of terror, abducted 16,000 daughters of the gods, and stole the earrings of Aditi, mother of the gods. The gods asked Lord Krishna for help, and after a mighty battle he killed the demon, freed the girls, and recovered the earrings. After his victory Krishna returned very early in the morning and was bathed and massaged with scented oils. Taking an early morning bath with oil is still a Diwali tradition. - India Some of the ancient legends are told to children.
India The story of Rama and Sita is probably the most famous Diwali legend and many of the traditions practiced nowadays relate to the story. The demon Ravana had 10 arms and 10 heads and was a wicked King. He kidnapped Sita, the wife of Rama. Rama killed the demon and rescued his wife and returned to become King. The people lit rows of lamps to guide them home.
Israel For Jewish people, the New Year is not on the 1st of January. It is in late September. During the festival Jews recall how God created the world in 6 days and rested on the seventh. Rosh Hashanah is a day of rest and a day for new beginnings. Rosh Hashanah is also the start of the most solemn part of the year, which last for 10 days. These ten days are called the Days of Repentance. Like all Jewish Festivals, Rosh Hashanah starts at sunset.
Israel At homes Jews have a special evening meal. Sometimes this is fish. A special part of the meal is eating apple dipped in honey. To reinforce the idea of God as King, some Jewish families bake bread in the shape of a crown.
Israel A special synagogue service is held during the daytime during Rosh Hashanah. There is also a part of the service where a horn, called a Shofar, is blown many times. The Shofar is made from the horn of an animal that is cleaned and hollowed out with a mouthpiece cut into the narrow end. It can produce a very loud note, which reminds people that god is very powerful, and they must listen to him.
Презентация на тему "Новый Год в разных странах". Количество слайдов: 20. Новый Год отмечается уже в течение 1000 лет. В каждой культуре свои традиции и обряды праздника. В этой презентации представлены особенности празднования Нового Года в таких странах как: Шотландия, Китай, Индия, Израель. Вы узнаете как называется Новый Год в этих странах, когда (в каких числах года) он отмечается, узнаете, почему в Шотландии больше любят и отмечают Новый Год, а не Рождество, как в Англии. Как украшают свое жилище, что дарят, что кушают за Новогоднем столом, какие удивительные и необычные традиции соблюдают в этот праздничный день- обо всем вы узнаете, посмотрев данную презентацию.
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