Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:
Conditional Sentences (подготовка к ЕНТ)
I. Real Condition В условных предложениях I типа, относящихся к будущему, в придаточных предложениях после союза if глагол стоит в Present Indefinite, а в главном предложении- в Future Indefinite или в повелительном наклонении. if+the Present Indefinite shall (will) +do + if +the Present Indefinite shall (will) +do +
I. Real Condition Jerry: If you give me the bone, I shall be your friend. Will Jerry be a friend with Dicky? Yes, he will. Under what condition will Jerry be a friend? He will be a friend with Dicky if Dicky gives him the bone.
I. Real Condition 1.We shall catch the train if we take a taxi. 2.Will you go to the skating- rink if the weather is fine? 3.If you promise not to be late, I shall let you go for a walk. 4.If he comes, ask him to wait for me.
II. Unreal Condition in the Present ( Future) Условные предложения II типа выражают маловероятные и нереальные условия, относящиеся к настоящему или будущему времени. В условных предложениях II типа, относящихся к будущему, в придаточных предложениях после союза if глагол стоит в Past Indefinite, а в главном предложении- сочетание should (would) с первой основной формой смыслового глагола. Глагол to be в придаточном предложении употребляется в форме were во всех лицах единственного и множественного числа. if +the Past Indefinite should (would) +do + if +the Past Indefinite should (would) +do +
II. Unreal Condition in the Present ( Future) Mike: -If the weather were fine, we should play tag. Are the children playing tag ? No, they are not. Would they play tag if the weather were fine?- Yes, they would. Under what condition would the children play tag?- They would play tag if the weather were fine.
II. Unreal Condition in the Present (Future) 1.If we went to the river, we should have a good time there. 2.If he knew where we lived, he would send us a telegram. 3.If I were you, I should go to the doctor at once. 4.If I had time now, I should go to the concert, but I’m busy.
III. Unreal Condition in the Past Условные предложения III типа выражают условия, не реализованные в прошлом и, следовательно, совершенно невыполнимые. В условных предложениях III типа в придаточных предложениях после союза if глагол употребляется в Past Perfect, а в главном предложении- сочетание should (would) с третьей основной формой смыслового глагола. if +the Past Perfect should (would) + have done + if +the Past Perfect should (would) + have done +
III. Unreal Condition in the Past Misha: -If Dima had taken part in the game, the team would have won it. Why did the team not win the game? -Because Dima did not take part in it. Would the team have won the game if Dima had taken part in it?- Yes, it would. Under what condition would the team have won the game?- It would have won the game if Dima had taken part in it.
III. Unreal Condition in the Past 1.If I had had time yesterday, I should have gone to the concert, but I was busy. 2.If he had seen you yesterday, he would have told you about the party. 3.If it hadn’t rained last Sunday, we should have gone to the forest. 4.He would have sent the telegram, if you had told him about it yesterday.
Find Conditional sentences: 1.He wanted to know if the performance had ended. 2.What should I have done if she hadn’t brought an umbrella? 3.Who asked me if we had a nice day? 4.I want to know if she promises to come. 5.If you see him, ask him to ring me up. 6.He would buy the picture- book about the Tretyakov Gallery if he had enough money.
Complete the sentences any way you like. 1.I’ll be happy if________ 2.I’ll be sorry if_________ 3.I’ll be bored if________ 4.I’ll be angry if_________ 5.I’ll be surprised if_______ 6.I’ll be frightened if______
Choose the correct tenses. 1.If you ____ (get) lonely, I hope you____ (phone) me at any time. 2.He_____(need) some money if he____(go) out with his girlfriend. 3.If I won the lottery, I will(would) give you half the money. 4.It will(would) be a pity if he married Susan. 5.I took a taxi to school but the traffic was heavy. It___(be) quicker, if I____(walk). 6.Five years ago I went to France. I___(meet) my wife if I____(go) to France.
УСЛОВНЫЕПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЯ 1. If we meet him, I ... you. A) introduce; b) will introduce; c) would introduce. d) introduces; e)introduced 2. Who would he talk to if he ... a very serious problem? a) has; b) had; c) had had; d) have e)will have 3. What would they do if they ... the last train horne? a) miss; b) would miss; c) missed; d) had missed. e) misses 4. If she lost her job, she ... her own business. a) will start; b) would start; c) started; d) would have started.e) starts 5. If he wanted a quiet holiday, he ... to the mountains. a) would go; b) went; c) would have gone. d) will go e)goes 6. What will you do when you ... school? a) will finish; b) finish; c) would finish. d) finished e)finishes 7. What ... her, if it's her birthday? a) will you buy; b) do you buy; c) would you buy. d)have you bought e)buys 8. What would you do if you ... me? a) are; b) were,; c) have been. d) will be e) would be 9. If you ... Mr Snowdon, you would like him. a) would know; b) will know; c) knew. d)had known e)knows 10. If he ... in the evening, he'd have time to see this film. a) didn't work; b) hadn't worked; c) doesn't work. d) won’t work e)wouldn’t work
KEYS: тест Условные предложения. 1B 2B 3C 4B 5A 6B 7A 8B 9C 10A
Учащиеся часто испытывают трудности при образовании и переводе условных предложений. Презентация по теме "Conditional Sentences" поможет повторить, как образуются три типа условных предложений и закрепить материал, используя предложения, данные в презентации. После повторения правил образования условных предложений каждого из 3-х типов, для перевода и объяснения структуры предложения, учащиеся работают с данными примерами. После повторения всего материала, они объясняют и переводят предложения всех 3-х типов "Conditional Sentences".
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