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Підбір фразових дієслів та вправ на їх засвоєння для підготовки до ЗНО

Фразові дієслова

 

TEST 1

 

Study the use of the phrasal verbs. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the suitable phrasal verb.

 

Phrasal verb

Definition

Translation

break in

to enter by force

вдиратися; встрявати, втручатися

break out

to escape

втекти (із в’язниці)

break up

to end a relationship

розходитися (про компанію, збори тощо); припинити стосунки

break down

to stop operating

зламатися

 

1. The car __________________ so they were late for work.

2. Mary and Paul __________________ last week.

3. The robbers __________________ and stole a lot of money.

4. The prisoner __________________ of jail but the police arrested him soon after.

5. I lost my keys so I had to __________________ my house.

6. The bus __________________ and the driver had to call the mechanic.

7. Tom __________________ with his girlfriend.

8. Three men __________________ of prison.

 

TEST 2

 

Study the use of the phrasal verbs. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the suitable phrasal verb.

 

Phrasal verb

Definition

Translation

come round

to visit

заходити ненадовго

come down

to become less; be reduced

падати (про сніг, дощ); спускатися, опускатися

come across

to find see by chance

(випадково) зустріти когось, наштовхнутися на щось

come out

to be published, released

виходити; з’являтися (у пресі)

 

1. Her new book of poetry is __________________ at the end of the year.

2. The prices __________________ during the sales.

3. __________________ any time after school. I’ll be waiting for you.

4. He was looking for a shirt at the department store when he __________________ that cowboy hat.

5. The price of the jacket __________________ so I decided to buy it.

6. They waited for the new cartoon to __________________.

 

TEST 3

 

Study the use of the phrasal verbs. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the suitable phrasal verb.

 

Phrasal verb

Definition

Translation

give in

to agree to something you don’t want to do

поступатися

give up

to stop, abandon an attempt/habit

відмовлятися від, залишати

give away

reveal

виказувати; виявляти; зраджувати

give out

to become exhausted, fail

бути виснаженим, неспроможним

 

1. He __________________ smoking last year.

2. She didn’t __________________ my secret.

3. Yesterday our washing machine __________________.

4. My parents __________________ and allowed me to take a dog as a pet.

5. Nelly’s parents finally __________________ and let her go to the party.

6. I was terribly angry with Sally for __________________ my secret.

7. Fred __________________ playing football because he injured his leg.

8. Our microwave oven finally __________________. We’ll have to buy a new one.

 

TEST 4

 

Study the use of the phrasal verbs. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the suitable phrasal verb.

 

Phrasal verb

Definition

Translation

look after

to take care of

наглядати за, піклуватися про

look for

to search

шукати

look up

to find a word, number

шукати (щось у довіднику)

look out

to be careful

бути насторожі

look forward to

to anticipate

чекати з нетерпінням

 

1. We asked the neighbour to __________________ the cat when we are away.

2. I am really __________________ to meeting you.

3. __________________! The bus is coming.

4. If I don’t know the word, I __________________ it __________________ in the dictionary.

5. What are you __________________? - My pen.

6. I didn’t have time to __________________ the number in the telephone directory.

7. __________________! There is a shark behind you!

8. Excuse me! I am __________________ Mr Wilson.

9. Could you __________________ my little daughter tonight?

10. The cafe is __________________ the waiter.

 

TEST 5

 

Study the use of the phrasal verbs. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the suitable phrasal verb.

 

Phrasal verb

Definition

Translation

make up

to invent

виготовляти; вигадувати

make up for

to compensate

компенсувати

make for

to go forward

прямувати, простувати до

make out

to distinguish; fill in

розбирати; розуміти; заповнити

 

1. It was very hard to climb the mountain but they decided to __________________ the top.

2. We found the letter but couldn’t __________________ what was written in it.

3. I need your name to __________________ the check.

4. Who’s __________________ this story?

5. I’d like to __________________ this application.

6. When the teacher arrived Mike __________________ the door very quickly.

7. Fred said he was sorry and told Sally he would ______________________________________ missing her party.

8. Please, speak a bit louder. I cannot __________________ what you are saying.

 

TEST 6

 

Study the use of the phrasal verbs. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the suitable phrasal verb.

 

Phrasal verb

Definition

Translation

pick at

to take small amounts

вертіти в руках, їсти маленькими шматками

pick on

to treat sb badly

надокучати

pick up

to collect sb

підвозити (когось)

pick out

to choose

висмикувати; вибирати

 

1. Father __________________ me __________________ after school.

2. He didn’t eat much. He __________________ his food.

3. The trainer __________________ the most expensive book from the list.

4. The girls always __________________ Jill and called her names.

5. My granddad said that he’s __________________ me __________________ from school if it’s rain.

6. The tourists looked around and __________________ a nice place for the camp.

7. She wasn’t hungry so she __________________ the food.

8. They __________________ Sam because they didn’t like him.

 

TEST 7

 

Study the use of the phrasal verbs. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the suitable phrasal verb.

 

Phrasal verb

Definition

Translation

take after

to resemble

бути схожим на когось

take off

to leave the ground

злітати, відриватися від землі

take up

to begin a new activity

братися (до чогось)

take out

to take somebody as your guest to a restaurant

запросити, повести (до ресторану)

 

1. Не __________________ golf as a hobby.

2. Our flight didn’t __________________ on time.

3. We are __________________ the Smith __________________ tonight.

4. Sam doesn’t look like his father. He must __________________ his mother.

5. Let me __________________ you __________________ to dinner tonight.

6. Our plane __________________ at 1 p.m.

7. My granddaughter __________________ my son.

8. Jerry __________________ ice skating in his free time.

 

TEST 8

 

Study the use of the phrasal verbs. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the suitable phrasal verb.

 

Phrasal verb

Definition

Translation

turn on

to switch on

відкривати (кран, шлюз); вмикати (світло)

turn off

to switch off

закрити (кран); вимкнути (світло)

turn into

to change

повернути

turn up

to increase level or sound

збільшити (про звук)

turn down

to reduce level or sound

зменшувати (світло)

turn down

to reject

відкидати (пропозицію)

 

1. __________________ the TV __________________ when you leave the room.

2. __________________ the computer __________________ so we can see how it works.

3. __________________ the CD player __________________. I can’t hear the words.

4. The frog __________________ a nice prince.

5. We __________________ the music __________________ when it’s too loud.

6. He __________________ the proposal.

7. They didn’t __________________ the heating even when it was very cold.

8. Ann __________________ a very beautiful woman.

 

TEST 9

 

Study the use of the phrasal verbs. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the suitable phrasal verb.

 

Phrasal verb

Definition

Translation

hang up

to put on a hook, hanger

повісити; відкладати в довгий ящик

hang around

to associate with (someone) loiter; wait around

бути поблизу, вештатися

hang about

to waste time; loiter

оточувати; вештатися; нависати, загрожувати

hang back

to remain behind; to show reluctance to act or move

не наважуватися відступати

hang together

to remain associated; help or support each other

триматися гурту, підтримувати один одного

 

1. Stephen __________________ for fear of being seen.

2. Undercover officers spent most of their time __________________ bars.

3. European neighbours will __________________ from this.

4. Please __________________ your coat.

5. His good shirt’s ironed and __________________.

6. Your statements don’t quite __________________.

7. If you __________________ on someone you are speaking to on the phone, you end the phone call suddenly and unexpectedly.

8. John __________________ with the thugs.

 

TEST 10

 

Study the use of the phrasal verbs. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the suitable phrasal verb.

 

Phrasal verb

Definition

Translation

pay back

to repay; to give or do (something equivalent) in return

повертати (гроші), відплачувати

pay down

to pay (a sum of money) at the time of purchase

платити готівкою

pay out

to distribute (money)

виплачувати, відплачувати

pay off

to pay the complete amount of (a debt, bill, etc.)

розраховуватися; розплачуватися сповна

 

1. He burst into tears, swearing to __________________ everything he had stolen.

2. Some day I’ll __________________ you __________________ for this!

3. All the hard work I had done over the summer was __________________.

4. Many policies __________________ only after a period of weeks or months.

5. There are football clubs who __________________ millions of pounds for players.

6. She __________________ at the time of purchase.

 

TEST 11

 

Study the meaning of the phrasal verbs and complete the given sentences with the appropriate particles.

 

Phrasal verb

Definition

Translation

get at

to criticize someone in an unkind way

критикувати

get around

to travel to a lot of different places; if news or information gets around, a lot of people hear about it

пересуватися; ставати відомим

get back

to return to a place after you have been somewhere else

повертатися

get on

if two or more people get on, they like each other and are friendly to each other

ладити; жити у злагоді

get up

to stand up

вставати, підводитися

 

1. The whole audience got __________________ and started clapping.

2. It’s a shame she doesn’t get __________________ better with her colleagues.

3. By the time we got __________________ to the hotel, Lydia had already left.

4. I keep having to get __________________ to answer the phone.

5. What time did you get __________________ last night?

6. Do James and your father get __________________ together?

7. I think she felt a bit got __________________ during the meeting.

8. The letter was at home waiting for me when I got __________________ from work.

9. Spain, Germany and Italy in one month? You certainly get __________________!

10. I don’t want it to get __________________ that I’m leaving.

11. Sue and I have always got __________________ well.

12. He keeps getting __________________ me and I really don’t know what I’ve done wrong.

 

TEST 12

 

Study the meaning of the phrasal verbs and complete the given sentences with the appropriate particles.

 

Phrasal verb

Definition

Translation

go about

to start to do something or deal with something

почати щось робити; мати справу з чимось

go along

to go to a place or to an event, usually informally and without careful planning

іти, рухатися (без попереднього плану)

go into

to start an activity, or start to be in a particular state or condition

зайнятися чимось

go on

to continue to exist or happen

продовжувати; відбуватися, траплятися

go through

to experience an unpleasant or difficult situation or event

пройти наскрізь; іти напролом

 

1. A new model of the car has just gone __________________ production.

2. She went __________________ absolute hell during her divorce.

3. ’Do you use the bar much?’ ’I sometimes go __________________ after work.’

4. The music festival goes __________________ until August 31.

5. How can we go __________________ solving this problem?

6. Let’s hope the situation will go __________________ improving.

7. He was in first place as he went __________________ the final.

8. The war had been going __________________ for three years and there was still no sign of peace.

9. I thought I might go __________________ to the party for an hour or so.

10. I’d like to help, but what’s the best way to go __________________ it?

 

TEST 13

 

Study the meaning of the phrasal verbs and complete the given sentences with the appropriate particles.

 

Word

Definition

Translation

make for

to cause a particular result or situation

сприяти; прямувати до

make off

to leave somewhere quickly, especially in order to escape

тікати, втікати

make out

to understand something, especially the reason why something has happened; to write all the necessary information on an official document [e.g. cheque, application, ticket]

зрозуміти; розібрати; побачити; розрізнити складати (список, заповіт); виписувати (чек, свідоцтво);

make up

to forgive someone who you have argued with and to become friendly with them again; to say or write something that is not true [e.g. excuse, report, story] in order to deceive someone; to invent something [e.g. story, game]

помирити, помиритися, примирити; складати; збирати; видумувати, вигадувати

make over

to give money or possessions to someone in an official way, so that they own them legally; to change something in order to make it look different or use it for a different purpose; to give somebody a different appearance by changing their clothes, hair, etc.

віддавати у користування офіційно; переробляти

 

1. Не made __________________ his fortune to his wife.

2. We argue a lot, but we always have fun making __________________!

3. The burglars made __________________ as soon as the police arrived.

4. Make the cheque __________________ to D. Glennon.

5. I’d made __________________ some story about having to go home to see my sick mother.

6. Ironically, food rationing made __________________ a healthier population.

7. We’re making __________________ the playroom into an additional bedroom.

8. Can you make __________________ how they did it?

9. Sometimes I’ll read her a story from a book and sometimes I’ll make one __________________.______________________________

10. Have you made __________________ with Daryl yet?

11. Nobody can make __________________ what their motives were.

12. Poor service does not make __________________ satisfied customers.

 

TEST 14

 

Study the meaning of the phrasal verbs and complete the given sentences with the appropriate particles.

 

Phrasal verb

Definition

Translation

put away

to put something in the place where it is usually kept; to save an amount of money

забирати, ховати; відкладати, збирати (гроші)

put in

to say something while someone else is speaking

переривати, втручатися (у розмову)

put off

to decide or arrange to do something at a later time

відкладати, відстрочувати

put on

to put a piece of clothing onto your body; to put make-up or cream onto your skin; to make a device [e.g. light, fire] work by pressing a switch; to pretend to have a particular feeling, or to behave in a way which is not real or natural for you

надягати; запускати, вмикати, пускати в хід, набрати вигляду, робити вигляд, прикидатися; задаватися; удавати, строїти з себе; наносити (крем)

put up with

to accept unpleasant behaviour or an unpleasant situation, even though you do not like it

терпіти, миритися; примиритися

 

1. I can put __________________ a house being untidy but I don’t like it to be dirty.

2. Put your coat __________________ if you’re going outside, it’s cold.

3. I’ve put __________________ talking to him about this for far too long.

4. I try to put a little __________________ every month.

5. She put __________________ her glasses and stared intently at the photograph.

6. He’s impossible! How do you put __________________ him?

7. What time do you want me to put the oven __________________?

8. Anthea often puts __________________ a funny voice w'hen she answers the phone.

9. I’ll wash and dry the dishes, if you put them __________________.

10. Is there a mirror somewhere? I need to put my make-up __________________.

11. ’But I don’t think she’s the right person for the job’, she put __________________.

12. They had decided to put the wedding __________________ until her brother came home from abroad.

 

TEST 15

 

Study the meaning of the phrasal verbs and complete the given sentences with the appropriate particles.

 

Phrasal verb

Definition

Translation

see about

to deal with something, or to arrange for something to be done

мати справу з чимось; владнати

see off

to go to the place that someone is leaving from in order to say goodbye

проводжати (тих, хто від’їжджає)

see through

to realize the truth about somebody/ something

розгадувати, розпізнавати, бачити наскрізь

see over

to examine a building in order to decide if you want to buy it

знайомитися, детально оглядати

 

1. You should see __________________ getting your hair cut.

2. Some people are coming to see __________________ our house tomorrow.

3. We saw __________________ him from the start.

4. They have decided not to see us __________________.

5. It’s getting late — I’d better see __________________ dinner.

6. My parents came to the airport to see me __________________.

7. I’m not sure, but I’ll see __________________ the cost of renting a van.

8. We need to see __________________ the house before we can make you an offer.

9. I must see __________________ lunch.

10. I can see __________________ your little game.

 

TEST 16

 

Study the meaning of the phrasal verbs and complete the given sentences with the appropriate particles.

 

Phrasal verb

Definition

Translation

stand about/ around/round

to spend time standing in a place waiting for someone or doing very little

стояти, знаходитися (без особливої мети)

stand by

to wait and be ready to do something or to help

бути в(бойовій) готовності

stand out

to be much better than other similar things or people

виділятися; вигідно відрізнятися

stand up

to rise from a sitting or lying position to a standing position

піднятися

 

1. I stood __________________ to greet her.

2. Two books stand __________________ among the dozens recently published on the Royal Family.

3. We had a lot of good applicants for the job, but one stood __________________ from the rest.

4. Police in riot gear were standing in __________________ case the demonstration got out of control.

5. The pilot told the cabin crew to stand __________________ for takeoff.

6. We stood __________________ in the cold for half an hour before we were allowed in.

7. After the lecture, we stood __________________ chatting and drinking coffee.

8. How can you stand __________________ and see him accused of something he didn’t do?

9. There were no seats left so I had to stand __________________.

10. You’ll look taller if you stand __________________ straight.

 

TEST 17

 

Study the meaning of the phrasal verbs and complete the given sentences with the appropriate particles.

 

Phrasal verb

Definition

Translation

wear off

to disappear gradually (of feelings)

пом’якшуватися, проходити (про горе); згладжуватися

wear down

to make someone feel tired and less able to deal with a situation

послаблювати, вимотувати

wear out

to use something so much that it becomes weak or damaged and cannot be used any more

зношувати

 

1. Extra troops were brought in to help the army wear __________________ the guerillas.

2. Doris has already worn __________________ two pairs of pointes this year.

3. There was an initial excitement but it’s started to wear______________________________ __________________.

4. The stress at work and all the extra travelling is starting to wear him __________________.

5. The anaesthetic wears __________________ after a couple of hours.

6. The brake discs on the car have worn __________________ and need to be replaced.

7. He used to spend all day playing with his computer games, but the novelty soon wore __________________.

8. Look! The tread on this tyre has worn __________________.

9. The effects of the drug will soon wear __________________.

10. He wore __________________ two pairs of shoes last year.

 

TEST 18

 

Study the meaning of the phrasa! verbs and complete the given sentences with the appropriate particles.

 

Phrasal verb

Definition

Translation

work

on/upon

to spend time working in order to produce or repair something; to try hard to improve something

впливати, мати вплив; переконувати

work out

to be the result of a mathematical calculation; to happen or develop in a particular way; to train the body by physical exercise

вирахувати, обчислити, визначити шляхом обчислення; розроблювати (план)

work through

to work without stopping for a period of time

працювати безупинно

work up to something

to develop or move gradually towards something, usually something more exciting or extreme

оброблювати; надавати завершеного вигляду

 

1. The music worked __________________ to a rousing finale.

2. His dancing technique is good, but he needs to work __________________ his fitness.

3. I got married later that year but it didn’t work __________________.

4. I began by jogging in the park and worked __________________ to running five miles a day.

5. That works __________________ to a 5.5% price decrease.

6. I often start at 7.30 and work __________________ until midnight.

7. The cost of a minibus works __________________ at Ј7 per person.

8. Pete loves working __________________ old cars.

9. Buying a new radio worked __________________ cheaper than repairing the old one.

10. The arrangement worked __________________ rather badly for Leo.

11. She’s based in the lab, working full-time __________________ a cure for AIDS.

12. I work __________________ regularly to keep fit.

 

TEST 19

 

Study the meaning of the phrasal verbs and complete the given sentences with the appropriate particles.

 

Phrasal verb

Definition

Translation

set about

to start doing something, especially something that uses a lot of time or energy

починати

set off

to start a journey

відправлятися, рушати в дорогу

set out

to leave a place and begin a journey; to start an activity, especially when you have already decided what you want to achieve

відправлятися (у подорож); виходити, виїжджати; мати намір, збиратися (що-небудь робити)

set up

to start a company or organization; to start working for yourself in your own company; to make a piece of equipment or a machine ready for use

засновувати; відкривати, започатковувати (яку-небудь справу); споруджувати, встановлювати, ставити

 

1. I hear John’s set __________________ as a freelance journalist.

2. I think you should set yourself __________________ as an interior designer.

3. He used to work for us but he’s since set __________________ on his own.

4. At the age of 29 he set __________________ a commercial property business.

5. What time are you setting __________________ tomorrow morning?

6. A committee has been set __________________ to investigate the problem.

7. It was quite sunny when we set __________________.

8. She’d set __________________ with the aim of becoming the youngest ever winner of the championship.

9. They said they’d set __________________ at about 7 o’clock, so they should be here soon.

10. I got home and immediately set __________________ cleaning the house.

11. Like so many young people before them, they set __________________ to change the world.

12. I’m just about to set __________________ for the station.

 

TEST 20

 

Study the meaning of the phrasal verbs and complete the given sentences with the appropriate particles.

 

Phrasal verb

Definition

Translation

keep on

to continue to do something, or to do something again and again

продовжувати (робити що-небудь); продовжуватися

keep up

to continue something at the same, usually high, level; to make something remain at a high level; to continue to use or practise something

триматися на колишньому рівні, не мінятися, не змінюватися; продовжуватися, не припинятися; продовжувати, не припиняти, не кидати

keep from

to prevent someone from doing something, especially work, by spending time with them

утримати від чого-небудь

keep in

to make a child stay at school or at home, especially as a punishment

залишати після уроків (у школі); удома

 

1. He was often kept __________________ after school for bad behaviour.

2. Well done! Keep __________________ the good work.

3. The doctor told me to keep her __________________ for a day or so until her temperature comes down.

4. Do you still keep __________________ your Spanish?

5. Well, I’d better go — I don’t want to keep you ________________________________________ your studies.

6. The enemy kept __________________ the bombardment day and night.

7. I keep __________________ thinking I’ve seen him before somewhere.

8. We’re having difficulty keeping __________________ our mortgage payments.

9. They sang songs to keep their spirits_ __________________.

10. She kept __________________ asking me questions the whole time.



Підбір фразових дієслів та вправ на їх засвоєння для підготовки до ЗНО
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Підбір фразових дієслів та вправ на їх засвоєння для підготовки до ЗНО

Фразові дієслова

 

TEST 1

 

Study the use of the phrasal verbs. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the suitable phrasal verb.

 

Phrasal verb

Definition

Translation

break in

to enter by force

вдиратися; встрявати, втручатися

break out

to escape

втекти (із в’язниці)

break up

to end a relationship

розходитися (про компанію, збори тощо); припинити стосунки

break down

to stop operating

зламатися

 

1. The car __________________ so they were late for work.

2. Mary and Paul __________________ last week.

3. The robbers __________________ and stole a lot of money.

4. The prisoner __________________ of jail but the police arrested him soon after.

5. I lost my keys so I had to __________________ my house.

6. The bus __________________ and the driver had to call the mechanic.

7. Tom __________________ with his girlfriend.

8. Three men __________________ of prison.

 

TEST 2

 

Study the use of the phrasal verbs. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the suitable phrasal verb.

 

Phrasal verb

Definition

Translation

come round

to visit

заходити ненадовго

come down

to become less; be reduced

падати (про сніг, дощ); спускатися, опускатися

come across

to find see by chance

(випадково) зустріти когось, наштовхнутися на щось

come out

to be published, released

виходити; з’являтися (у пресі)

 

1. Her new book of poetry is __________________ at the end of the year.

2. The prices __________________ during the sales.

3. __________________ any time after school. I’ll be waiting for you.

4. He was looking for a shirt at the department store when he __________________ that cowboy hat.

5. The price of the jacket __________________ so I decided to buy it.

6. They waited for the new cartoon to __________________.

 

TEST 3

 

Study the use of the phrasal verbs. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the suitable phrasal verb.

 

Phrasal verb

Definition

Translation

give in

to agree to something you don’t want to do

поступатися

give up

to stop, abandon an attempt/habit

відмовлятися від, залишати

give away

reveal

виказувати; виявляти; зраджу­вати

give out

to become exhausted, fail

бути виснаженим, неспромож­ним

 

1. He __________________ smoking last year.

2. She didn’t __________________ my secret.

3. Yesterday our washing machine __________________.

4. My parents __________________ and allowed me to take a dog as a pet.

5. Nelly’s parents finally __________________ and let her go to the party.

6. I was terribly angry with Sally for __________________ my secret.

7. Fred __________________ playing football because he injured his leg.

8. Our microwave oven finally __________________. We’ll have to buy a new one.

 

TEST 4

 

Study the use of the phrasal verbs. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the suitable phrasal verb.

 

Phrasal verb

Definition

Translation

look after

to take care of

наглядати за, піклуватися про

look for

to search

шукати

look up

to find a word, number

шукати (щось у довіднику)

look out

to be careful

бути насторожі

look forward to

to anticipate

чекати з нетерпінням

 

1. We asked the neighbour to __________________ the cat when we are away.

2. I am really __________________ to meeting you.

3. __________________! The bus is coming.

4. If I don’t know the word, I __________________ it __________________ in the dictionary.

5. What are you __________________? - My pen.

6. I didn’t have time to __________________ the number in the telephone directory.

7. __________________! There is a shark behind you!

8. Excuse me! I am __________________ Mr Wilson.

9. Could you __________________ my little daughter tonight?

10. The cafe is __________________ the waiter.

 

TEST 5

 

Study the use of the phrasal verbs. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the suitable phrasal verb.

 

Phrasal verb

Definition

Translation

make up

to invent

виготовляти; вигадувати

make up for

to compensate

компенсувати

make for

to go forward

прямувати, простувати до

make out

to distinguish; fill in

розбирати; розуміти; заповнити

 

1. It was very hard to climb the mountain but they decided to __________________ the top.

2. We found the letter but couldn’t __________________ what was written in it.

3. I need your name to __________________ the check.

4. Who’s __________________ this story?

5. I’d like to __________________ this application.

6. When the teacher arrived Mike __________________ the door very quickly.

7. Fred said he was sorry and told Sally he would ______________________________________ missing her party.

8. Please, speak a bit louder. I cannot __________________ what you are saying.

 

TEST 6

 

Study the use of the phrasal verbs. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the suitable phrasal verb.

 

Phrasal verb

Definition

Translation

pick at

to take small amounts

вертіти в руках, їсти маленькими шматками

pick on

to treat sb badly

надокучати

pick up

to collect sb

підвозити (когось)

pick out

to choose

висмикувати; вибирати

 

1. Father __________________ me __________________ after school.

2. He didn’t eat much. He __________________ his food.

3. The trainer __________________ the most expensive book from the list.

4. The girls always __________________ Jill and called her names.

5. My granddad said that he’s __________________ me __________________ from school if it’s rain.

6. The tourists looked around and __________________ a nice place for the camp.

7. She wasn’t hungry so she __________________ the food.

8. They __________________ Sam because they didn’t like him.

 

TEST 7

 

Study the use of the phrasal verbs. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the suitable phrasal verb.

 

Phrasal verb

Definition

Translation

take after

to resemble

бути схожим на когось

take off

to leave the ground

злітати, відриватися від землі

take up

to begin a new activity

братися (до чогось)

take out

to take somebody as your guest to a restaurant

запросити, повести (до ресторану)

 

1. Не __________________ golf as a hobby.

2. Our flight didn’t __________________ on time.

3. We are __________________ the Smith __________________ tonight.

4. Sam doesn’t look like his father. He must __________________ his mother.

5. Let me __________________ you __________________ to dinner tonight.

6. Our plane __________________ at 1 p.m.

7. My granddaughter __________________ my son.

8. Jerry __________________ ice skating in his free time.

 

TEST 8

 

Study the use of the phrasal verbs. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the suitable phrasal verb.

 

Phrasal verb

Definition

Translation

turn on

to switch on

відкривати (кран, шлюз); вмикати (світло)

turn off

to switch off

закрити (кран); вимкнути (світло)

turn into

to change

повернути

turn up

to increase level or sound

збільшити (про звук)

turn down

to reduce level or sound

зменшувати (світло)

turn down

to reject

відкидати (пропозицію)

 

1. __________________ the TV __________________ when you leave the room.

2. __________________ the computer __________________ so we can see how it works.

3. __________________ the CD player __________________. I can’t hear the words.

4. The frog __________________ a nice prince.

5. We __________________ the music __________________ when it’s too loud.

6. He __________________ the proposal.

7. They didn’t __________________ the heating even when it was very cold.

8. Ann __________________ a very beautiful woman.

 

TEST 9

 

Study the use of the phrasal verbs. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the suitable phrasal verb.

 

Phrasal verb

Definition

Translation

hang up

to put on a hook, hanger

повісити; відкладати в довгий ящик

hang around

to associate with (someone) loiter; wait around

бути поблизу, вештатися

hang about

to waste time; loiter

оточувати; вештатися; нависати, загрожувати

hang back

to remain behind; to show reluctance to act or move

не наважуватися відступати

hang together

to remain associated; help or support each other

триматися гурту, підтримувати один одного

 

1. Stephen __________________ for fear of being seen.

2. Undercover officers spent most of their time __________________ bars.

3. European neighbours will __________________ from this.

4. Please __________________ your coat.

5. His good shirt’s ironed and __________________.

6. Your statements don’t quite __________________.

7. If you __________________ on someone you are speaking to on the phone, you end the phone call suddenly and unexpectedly.

8. John __________________ with the thugs.

 

TEST 10

 

Study the use of the phrasal verbs. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the suitable phrasal verb.

 

Phrasal verb

Definition

Translation

pay back

to repay; to give or do (something equivalent) in return

повертати (гроші), відплачувати

pay down

to pay (a sum of money) at the time of purchase

платити готівкою

pay out

to distribute (money)

виплачувати, відплачувати

pay off

to pay the complete amount of (a debt, bill, etc.)

розраховуватися; розплачуватися сповна

 

1. He burst into tears, swearing to __________________ everything he had stolen.

2. Some day I’ll __________________ you __________________ for this!

3. All the hard work I had done over the summer was __________________.

4. Many policies __________________ only after a period of weeks or months.

5. There are football clubs who __________________ millions of pounds for players.

6. She __________________ at the time of purchase.

 

TEST 11

 

Study the meaning of the phrasal verbs and complete the given sentences with the appropriate particles.

 

Phrasal verb

Definition

Translation

get at

to criticize someone in an unkind way

критикувати

get around

to travel to a lot of different places; if news or information gets around, a lot of people hear about it

пересуватися; ставати відомим

get back

to return to a place after you have been somewhere else

повертатися

get on

if two or more people get on, they like each other and are friendly to each other

ладити; жити у злагоді

get up

to stand up

вставати, підводитися

 

1. The whole audience got __________________ and started clapping.

2. It’s a shame she doesn’t get __________________ better with her colleagues.

3. By the time we got __________________ to the hotel, Lydia had already left.

4. I keep having to get __________________ to answer the phone.

5. What time did you get __________________ last night?

6. Do James and your father get __________________ together?

7. I think she felt a bit got __________________ during the meeting.

8. The letter was at home waiting for me when I got __________________ from work.

9. Spain, Germany and Italy in one month? You certainly get __________________!

10. I don’t want it to get __________________ that I’m leaving.

11. Sue and I have always got __________________ well.

12. He keeps getting __________________ me and I really don’t know what I’ve done wrong.

 

TEST 12

 

Study the meaning of the phrasal verbs and complete the given sentences with the appropriate particles.

 

Phrasal verb

Definition

Translation

go about

to start to do something or deal with something

почати щось робити; мати спра­ву з чимось

go along

to go to a place or to an event, usually informally and without careful planning

іти, рухатися (без попереднього плану)

go into

to start an activity, or start to be in a particular state or condition

зайнятися чимось

go on

to continue to exist or happen

продовжувати; відбуватися, траплятися

go through

to experience an unpleasant or difficult situation or event

пройти наскрізь; іти напролом

 

1. A new model of the car has just gone __________________ production.

2. She went __________________ absolute hell during her divorce.

3. ’Do you use the bar much?’ ’I sometimes go __________________ after work.’

4. The music festival goes __________________ until August 31.

5. How can we go __________________ solving this problem?

6. Let’s hope the situation will go __________________ improving.

7. He was in first place as he went __________________ the final.

8. The war had been going __________________ for three years and there was still no sign of peace.

9. I thought I might go __________________ to the party for an hour or so.

10. I’d like to help, but what’s the best way to go __________________ it?

 

TEST 13

 

Study the meaning of the phrasal verbs and complete the given sentences with the appropriate particles.

 

Word

Definition

Translation

make for

to cause a particular result or situation

сприяти; прямувати до

make off

to leave somewhere quickly, especially in order to escape

тікати, втікати

make out

to understand something, especially the reason why some­thing has happened; to write all the necessary information on an official document [e.g. cheque, application, ticket]

зрозуміти; розібрати; побачити; розрізнити складати (список, запо­віт); виписувати (чек, свідоцтво);

make up

to forgive someone who you have argued with and to become friendly with them again; to say or write something that is not true [e.g. excuse, report, story] in order to deceive someone; to invent something [e.g. story, game]

помирити, помиритися, примирити; складати; збирати; видумувати, вигадувати

make over

to give money or possessions to someone in an official way, so that they own them legally; to change something in order to make it look different or use it for a different purpose; to give somebody a different appearance by changing their clothes, hair, etc.

віддавати у користування офіційно; переробляти

 

1. Не made __________________ his fortune to his wife.

2. We argue a lot, but we always have fun making __________________!

3. The burglars made __________________ as soon as the police arrived.

4. Make the cheque __________________ to D. Glennon.

5. I’d made __________________ some story about having to go home to see my sick mother.

6. Ironically, food rationing made __________________ a healthier population.

7. We’re making __________________ the playroom into an additional bedroom.

8. Can you make __________________ how they did it?

9. Sometimes I’ll read her a story from a book and sometimes I’ll make one __________________.______________________________

10. Have you made __________________ with Daryl yet?

11. Nobody can make __________________ what their motives were.

12. Poor service does not make __________________ satisfied customers.

 

TEST 14

 

Study the meaning of the phrasal verbs and complete the given sentences with the appropriate particles.

 

Phrasal verb

Definition

Translation

put away

to put something in the place where it is usually kept; to save an amount of money

забирати, ховати; відкладати, збирати (гроші)

put in

to say something while someone else is speaking

переривати, втручатися (у розмову)

put off

to decide or arrange to do something at a later time

відкладати, відстрочувати

put on

to put a piece of clothing onto your body; to put make-up or cream onto your skin; to make a device [e.g. light, fire] work by pressing a switch; to pretend to have a particular feeling, or to behave in a way which is not real or natural for you

надягати; запускати, вмикати, пускати в хід, набрати вигляду, робити вигляд, прикидатися; за­даватися; удавати, строїти з себе; наносити (крем)

put up with

to accept unpleasant behaviour or an unpleasant situation, even though you do not like it

терпіти, миритися; примиритися

 

1. I can put __________________ a house being untidy but I don’t like it to be dirty.

2. Put your coat __________________ if you’re going outside, it’s cold.

3. I’ve put __________________ talking to him about this for far too long.

4. I try to put a little __________________ every month.

5. She put __________________ her glasses and stared intently at the photograph.

6. He’s impossible! How do you put __________________ him?

7. What time do you want me to put the oven __________________?

8. Anthea often puts __________________ a funny voice w'hen she answers the phone.

9. I’ll wash and dry the dishes, if you put them __________________.

10. Is there a mirror somewhere? I need to put my make-up __________________.

11. ’But I don’t think she’s the right person for the job’, she put __________________.

12. They had decided to put the wedding __________________ until her brother came home from abroad.

 

TEST 15

 

Study the meaning of the phrasal verbs and complete the given sentences with the appropriate particles.

 

Phrasal verb

Definition

Translation

see about

to deal with something, or to arrange for something to be done

мати справу з чимось; владнати

see off

to go to the place that someone is leaving from in order to say goodbye

проводжати (тих, хто від’їжджає)

see through

to realize the truth about somebody/ something

розгадувати, розпізнавати, бачити наскрізь

see over

to examine a building in order to decide if you want to buy it

знайомитися, детально оглядати

 

1. You should see __________________ getting your hair cut.

2. Some people are coming to see __________________ our house tomorrow.

3. We saw __________________ him from the start.

4. They have decided not to see us __________________.

5. It’s getting late — I’d better see __________________ dinner.

6. My parents came to the airport to see me __________________.

7. I’m not sure, but I’ll see __________________ the cost of renting a van.

8. We need to see __________________ the house before we can make you an offer.

9. I must see __________________ lunch.

10. I can see __________________ your little game.

 

TEST 16

 

Study the meaning of the phrasal verbs and complete the given sentences with the appropriate particles.

 

Phrasal verb

Definition

Translation

stand about/ around/round

to spend time standing in a place waiting for someone or doing very little

стояти, знаходитися (без особливої мети)

stand by

to wait and be ready to do something or to help

бути в(бойовій) готовності

stand out

to be much better than other similar things or people

виділятися; вигідно відрізнятися

stand up

to rise from a sitting or lying position to a standing position

піднятися

 

1. I stood __________________ to greet her.

2. Two books stand __________________ among the dozens recently published on the Royal Family.

3. We had a lot of good applicants for the job, but one stood __________________ from the rest.

4. Police in riot gear were standing in __________________ case the demonstration got out of control.

5. The pilot told the cabin crew to stand __________________ for takeoff.

6. We stood __________________ in the cold for half an hour before we were allowed in.

7. After the lecture, we stood __________________ chatting and drinking coffee.

8. How can you stand __________________ and see him accused of something he didn’t do?

9. There were no seats left so I had to stand __________________.

10. You’ll look taller if you stand __________________ straight.

 

TEST 17

 

Study the meaning of the phrasal verbs and complete the given sentences with the appropriate particles.

 

Phrasal verb

Definition

Translation

wear off

to disappear gradually (of feelings)

пом’якшуватися, проходити (про горе); згладжуватися

wear down

to make someone feel tired and less able to deal with a situation

послаблювати, вимотувати

wear out

to use something so much that it becomes weak or damaged and cannot be used any more

зношувати

 

1. Extra troops were brought in to help the army wear __________________ the guerillas.

2. Doris has already worn __________________ two pairs of pointes this year.

3. There was an initial excitement but it’s started to wear______________________________ __________________.

4. The stress at work and all the extra travelling is starting to wear him __________________.

5. The anaesthetic wears __________________ after a couple of hours.

6. The brake discs on the car have worn __________________ and need to be replaced.

7. He used to spend all day playing with his computer games, but the novelty soon wore __________________.

8. Look! The tread on this tyre has worn __________________.

9. The effects of the drug will soon wear __________________.

10. He wore __________________ two pairs of shoes last year.

 

TEST 18

 

Study the meaning of the phrasa! verbs and complete the given sentences with the appropriate particles.

 

Phrasal verb

Definition

Translation

work

on/upon

to spend time working in order to produce or repair something; to try hard to improve something

впливати, мати вплив; пере­конувати

work out

to be the result of a mathematical calculation; to happen or develop in a particular way; to train the body by physical exercise

вирахувати, обчислити, визна­чити шляхом обчислення; розроблювати (план)

work through

to work without stopping for a period of time

працювати безупинно

work up to something

to develop or move gradually towards something, usually something more exciting or extreme

оброблювати; надавати завершеного вигляду

 

1. The music worked __________________ to a rousing finale.

2. His dancing technique is good, but he needs to work __________________ his fitness.

3. I got married later that year but it didn’t work __________________.

4. I began by jogging in the park and worked __________________ to running five miles a day.

5. That works __________________ to a 5.5% price decrease.

6. I often start at 7.30 and work __________________ until midnight.

7. The cost of a minibus works __________________ at Ј7 per person.

8. Pete loves working __________________ old cars.

9. Buying a new radio worked __________________ cheaper than repairing the old one.

10. The arrangement worked __________________ rather badly for Leo.

11. She’s based in the lab, working full-time __________________ a cure for AIDS.

12. I work __________________ regularly to keep fit.

 

TEST 19

 

Study the meaning of the phrasal verbs and complete the given sentences with the appropriate particles.

 

Phrasal verb

Definition

Translation

set about

to start doing something, especially something that uses a lot of time or energy

починати

set off

to start a journey

відправлятися, рушати в дорогу

set out

to leave a place and begin a journey; to start an activity, especially when you have already decided what you want to achieve

відправлятися (у подорож); виходити, виїжджати; мати намір, збиратися (що-небудь робити)

set up

to start a company or organization; to start working for yourself in your own company; to make a piece of equipment or a machine ready for use

засновувати; відкривати, започаткову­вати (яку-небудь справу); споруджува­ти, встановлювати, ставити

 

1. I hear John’s set __________________ as a freelance journalist.

2. I think you should set yourself __________________ as an interior designer.

3. He used to work for us but he’s since set __________________ on his own.

4. At the age of 29 he set __________________ a commercial property business.

5. What time are you setting __________________ tomorrow morning?

6. A committee has been set __________________ to investigate the problem.

7. It was quite sunny when we set __________________.

8. She’d set __________________ with the aim of becoming the youngest ever winner of the championship.

9. They said they’d set __________________ at about 7 o’clock, so they should be here soon.

10. I got home and immediately set __________________ cleaning the house.

11. Like so many young people before them, they set __________________ to change the world.

12. I’m just about to set __________________ for the station.

 

TEST 20

 

Study the meaning of the phrasal verbs and complete the given sentences with the appropriate particles.

 

Phrasal verb

Definition

Translation

keep on

to continue to do something, or to do something again and again

продовжувати (робити що-небудь); продовжуватися

keep up

to continue something at the same, usually high, level; to make something remain at a high level; to continue to use or practise something

триматися на колишньому рівні, не мінятися, не змінюватися; продо­вжуватися, не припинятися; продо­вжувати, не припиняти, не кидати

keep from

to prevent someone from doing something, especially work, by spending time with them

утримати від чого-небудь

keep in

to make a child stay at school or at home, especially as a punishment

залишати після уроків (у школі); удома

 

1. He was often kept __________________ after school for bad behaviour.

2. Well done! Keep __________________ the good work.

3. The doctor told me to keep her __________________ for a day or so until her temperature comes down.

4. Do you still keep __________________ your Spanish?

5. Well, I’d better go — I don’t want to keep you ________________________________________ your studies.

6. The enemy kept __________________ the bombardment day and night.

7. I keep __________________ thinking I’ve seen him before somewhere.

8. We’re having difficulty keeping __________________ our mortgage payments.

9. They sang songs to keep their spirits_ __________________.

10. She kept __________________ asking me questions the whole time.

Автор Пилипчук Татьяна Владимировна
Дата добавления 30.12.2014
Раздел Иностранные языки
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