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Особенности и трудности литературного перевода.

Особенности и трудности литературного перевода Презентация учителя английског...
Translation is a mean of interlingual communication. The translator makes pos...
National Coloring Every literature work has its own national coloring. Every ...
Translator must compare adequately the national character with the real life....
The difficulties of the translating: In the scientific and technique literatu...
Some exotic words can be adopted by language and lose their exotic character....
The task and mission of the translator especially the translator of feature l...
Sonnet #18 (W.Shakespeare) Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? Thou art ...
The theme of Motherland It is easy to note that major part of themes and prob...
My Heart's In The Highlands, written by an English poet Robert Burns in 1789 ...
My Heart's In The Highlands 1789   Farewell to the Highlands, farewell to th...
Особенности перевода поэтического текста: Является ли русский перевод дословн...
Words of wisdom can guide you in your journey through life. Wise sayings come...
Proverbs, quotations and sayings about language Arabic: The stength of a pers...
Proverbs are often borrowed across lines of language, religion, and even time...
An idiom (Latin: idioma, “special property”) is an expression, word, or phras...
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№ слайда 1 Особенности и трудности литературного перевода Презентация учителя английского я
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Особенности и трудности литературного перевода Презентация учителя английского языка ГБОУ СОШ № 364 Куденцовой И.В. 2014 год

№ слайда 2 Translation is a mean of interlingual communication. The translator makes possib
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Translation is a mean of interlingual communication. The translator makes possible an exchange of information between users of different languages. The point of the translation is a bridge between national and international literature. That is why its main function is the turning of spiritual values of one nation into the property of other nations. Translated literature can also be the indicator of condition, degree of development of national language. The level of translated literature, the quality of translation also assists to the development of national beginning in the literature of nation.

№ слайда 3 National Coloring Every literature work has its own national coloring. Every wor
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National Coloring Every literature work has its own national coloring. Every work is written in the conditions of the country where the author lives. Therefore the country with its language, mode of life, political, historical, economical atmosphere and many other factors influences on the work even if the author does not think of creating of any work that would be nationally colored. The national coloring can be one of the most difficult tasks for translator. National coloring is the property of the country or its history. Every nation is proud of its history, traditions and it would not be good if the translator does not manage to convey the national coloring or if he conveys it wrong. That is why the translator must be very attentive and careful with any kind of literary work. Any literary work appears on the national ground, reflects national problems, features and at the same time the problems common to all mankind. Passing from one nation to another literature enriches and extends the notion of peoples about each other. National coloring is not an appendix in the work but it is one of its main parts that create the work structure.

№ слайда 4 Translator must compare adequately the national character with the real life. It
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Translator must compare adequately the national character with the real life. It means that he must know social conditions and nation development whose literature he translates, he must know and understand the specific spiritual way of life, find explanations of problems caused with peculiarities of this nation and originality of his development. What must every translator know before he begin to translate works from another national literature? At first he must know and understand the individuality, unique of the author. Secondly he must know and understand the ideas of work. Thirdly he must take into account the plot, form, images, style, language etc.

№ слайда 5 The difficulties of the translating: In the scientific and technique literature
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The difficulties of the translating: In the scientific and technique literature the national psychological categories are less expressed. The original texts of scientific works and their translations must not differ much. The difficulties while translating are connected most of all with fiction books: the brighter it reflects national life the more illuminate characteristic situations the more difficult for the translator to find adequate functional figurative means. Originality and specific character do not show that the work cannot be translated but they show the creative character of the translation process. World literature knows many examples when translators managed to convey all the originality of works and these translations became masterpieces as their originals. Originality, national coloring of the work is not lost in the succeed translations and that is one of the main principals of creative translation activity.

№ слайда 6 Some exotic words can be adopted by language and lose their exotic character. So
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Some exotic words can be adopted by language and lose their exotic character. Some exotic words can be adopted by language and lose their exotic character. Here are some examples. It will take much time to translate such word as Russian пирожок into national uncolored, neutral word entered in the kitchens and languages of many countries and to make people forget its strange origin. Sometimes a word can be used in a text not in the direct but in the figurative meaning. For example щербет can be used in Bulgarian language as an adjective in the meaning of something oversweet and it is almost similar with Russian сироп. We may say about the figurative meaning of words and phrases. They are used in metaphor and comparison. When an author says about mushroom’s cap “about two kopecks size” he does not mean a kopeck as a kind of money but only its two signs: its size and its round form, so the kopeck here has only word cover. The same with “stone jungles” and “cowboys of cold war”. 4. Among these examples there are phraseological units and expressions as well. For example, macaroni (international realia) and tyubeteyka (regional realia). Tyubeteyka , macaroni, also spaghetti entered in the languages by way of transcription.

№ слайда 7 The task and mission of the translator especially the translator of feature lite
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The task and mission of the translator especially the translator of feature literature is defense of the riches and beauty of the native language, its unlimited abilities to convey all that is kept in the greatest masterpieces of world literature.

№ слайда 8 Sonnet #18 (W.Shakespeare) Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? Thou art mor
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Sonnet #18 (W.Shakespeare) Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate: Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May , And summer's lease hath all too short a date; Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, And often is his gold complexion dimmed; And every fair from fair sometime declines, By chance or nature's changing course untrimmed: But thy eternal summer shall not fade, Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st, Nor shall Death brag thou wand'rest in his shade, When in eternal lines to time thou grow'st. So long as men can breathe or eyes can see, So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.     Перевод Игоря Фрадкина   Перевод М. Чайковского Могу ль тебя равнять я с летним днем? Ты и желанней и милей рассвета: Рвет почки Май, вовсю грохочет гром, Непродолжительно, капризно Лето: Сегодня ярко солнышко горит, А завтра - скрыто безобразной тучей: Проходит срок, и все теряет вид: Красою правит Время или Случай. Но ты, похитив прелесть летних дней, Нетленен - век твой будет бесконечен: Смерть не возьмет тебя в страну Теней, Ты не умрешь, в стихах увековечен, Жить будешь в них, свой продолжая век , Доколе зрит и дышит человек.       Сравню ли я тебя с весенним днем? Нет, ты милее длительной красою: Злой вихрь играет нежным лепестком, Весна проходит краткой полосою. Светило дня то шлет чрезмерный зной, То вдруг скрывается за тучей мрачной... Нет красоты, что, строгой чередой Иль случаем, не стала бы невзрачной. Твоя ж весна не ведает теней, И вечный блеск ее не увядает. Нет, даже смерть бессильна перед ней! На все века твой образ просияет. Пока есть в людях чувства и мечты, Живет мой стих, а вместе с ним и ты .  

№ слайда 9 The theme of Motherland It is easy to note that major part of themes and problem
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The theme of Motherland It is easy to note that major part of themes and problems in the different national literature are much alike.. But treatment to these themes and solutions of these problems are various in the works of different cultures. For example the theme of Motherland in poems of A. Block and R. Burns . Common to all mankind theme of Motherland these poets express in different ways: their lyrical characters express their feelings differently and have different notions of Motherland. Ideal of Motherland in these poets' minds was formed in the different nations and spiritual environment. For Russian poet Alexander Block his Motherland is the most desirable dream, hope that it will be the place of his last rest. In his poem Russia embodies its beautiful nature; for Robert Burns Motherland is associated with the figure of the mother's sadness missing her sons who fight for the freedom and will never come back. But both poets express the common to all people feeling of love to Motherland .

№ слайда 10 My Heart's In The Highlands, written by an English poet Robert Burns in 1789 . Я
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My Heart's In The Highlands, written by an English poet Robert Burns in 1789 . Я сердцем на севере.   Я сердцем на севере, здесь его нет, Оно за оленем несется во след. За диким оленем летит по пятам. И, где бы я ни был, всем сердцем я там.      Прощай же, мой гордый шотландский народ, Отечество доблести, славы оплот. Куда бы ни шел я, и где б ни бродил, Я горы родные навек полюбил.   Прощайте же, горы под шапкой снегов, Прощайте долины и зелень лугов,   Прощайте леса и высокие рощи, Прощайте потоки невиданной мощи!   В ГОРАХ МОЕ СЕРДЦЕ     В горах мое сердце... Доныне я там. По следу оленя лечу по скалам. Гоню я оленя, пугаю козу. В горах мое сердце, а сам я внизу.   Прощай, моя родина! Север, прощай, - Отечество славы и доблести край. По белому свету судьбою гоним, Навеки останусь я сыном твоим!   Прощайте, вершины под кровлей снегов, Прощайте, долины и скаты лугов, Прощайте, поникшие в бездну леса, Прощайте, потоков лесных голоса.   В горах мое сердце... Доныне я там. По следу оленя лечу по скалам. Гоню я оленя, пугаю козу. В горах мое сердце, а сам я внизу!  

№ слайда 11 My Heart's In The Highlands 1789   Farewell to the Highlands, farewell to the N
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My Heart's In The Highlands 1789   Farewell to the Highlands, farewell to the North, The birth-place of Valour, the country of Worth; Wherever I wander, wherever I rove, The hills of the Highlands for ever I love.   My heart's in the Highlands, my heart is not here, My heart's in the Highlands, a-chasing the deer; Chasing the wild-deer, and following the roe, My heart's in the Highlands, wherever I go.   Farewell to the mountains, high-cover'd with snow, Farewell to the straths and green vallies below; Farewell to the forests and wild-hanging woods, Farewell to the torrents and loud-pouring floods. My heart's in the Highlands, &c.      

№ слайда 12 Особенности перевода поэтического текста: Является ли русский перевод дословным?
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Особенности перевода поэтического текста: Является ли русский перевод дословным? Кто из авторов более точно перевел сонет Шекспира? Возможна ли дословная передача смысла при переводе на русский язык? Есть ли в этом необходимость? Что такое «подстрочник»? Сохраняется ли английский тип рифмовки в русском переводе? Кто из переводчиков сохранил оригинальную организацию текста (повторяемость строк, единоначалие и др.)? Сохраняется ли синтаксическая организация текста в переводах? В чем заключается разница в употреблении знаков препинания? Какие особенности перевода можно выделить на лексическом уровне? Почему один автор использует нарицательные существительные конкретного типа (кто?), а другой – отвлеченного (абстрактного)? Какой эффект это дает? Какие существительные использует У.Шекспир? В какой части сонета концентрируется основная мысль автора? Передано ли это переводчиками?

№ слайда 13 Words of wisdom can guide you in your journey through life. Wise sayings come in
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Words of wisdom can guide you in your journey through life. Wise sayings come in many forms, from quotes to verses to biblical passages, as well as through inspiring poems. But some of the best known sources of wisdom come from ancient proverbs taken from many different countries and cultures. So what exactly is a proverb? Here is the definition A proverb (from the Latin proverbium) is a simple and concrete saying popularly known and reversed, which expresses a truth, based on common sense or the practical experience of humanity. They are often metaphorical. A proverb that describes a basic rule of conduct may also be known as a maxim. If a proverb is distinguished by particularly good phrasing, it may be known as an aphorism. (taken from Wikipedia.) Certainly proverbs and sayings are the special point for translators in their work. A translator can translate the phrase word by word or change for another saying with the same meaning which is more adequate in that country.

№ слайда 14 Proverbs, quotations and sayings about language Arabic: The stength of a person
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Proverbs, quotations and sayings about language Arabic: The stength of a person is in his intelligence and his tongue. Hawaiian In the language there is life; in the language there is death Hungarian The nation lives through its language. Greek Language/Tongue has no bones but it breaks bones. Indonesian Language represents the nation. Korean A word becomes a seed = what you say is what you get Malay Language is the soul of a race. Polish Talking is silver, while staying silent is golden. Welsh A nation without a language is a nation without a heart. Bulgarian The more languages you know, the more you are a person\

№ слайда 15 Proverbs are often borrowed across lines of language, religion, and even time. I
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Proverbs are often borrowed across lines of language, religion, and even time. In different languages there can be the same words of wisdom. Ад вымощен добрыми намерениями - Hell is paved with good intentions. Алмаз режется алмазом - Diamond cut diamond. Аппетит приходит во время еды - The appetite comes with eating. Бархатные лапки скрывают острые когти - Velvet paws hide sharp claws. Богатство без здоровья - ничто - Wealth is nothing without health. Как сказано, так и сделано - So said, so done. Каков священник, такова и паства - Like priest, like people. Каков учитель, таков и ученик. - Like teacher, like pupil. Каков хозяин, таков и его слуга - Like master, like man. Хорошее здоровье дороже богатства - Good health is above wealth Хорошее лицо - все равно что рекомендация - A good face is a letter of recommendation. Хорошее начало - половина дела - Well begun is half done at every man's gate. Хочешь иметь друга - сам будь хорошим другом - The way to have a friend is to be one. Хочешь мира - готовься к войне - If you want peace, prepare for war Хочешь получить хороший совет - обратись к старому человеку - If you wish good advice ask an old man.

№ слайда 16 An idiom (Latin: idioma, “special property”) is an expression, word, or phrase t
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An idiom (Latin: idioma, “special property”) is an expression, word, or phrase that has a figurative meaning, the words of which is separated from its literal meaning. There are at least 25,000 idiomatic expressions in the English language. A professional translator must know their specific meanings for not to be confused. An idiom British Sayings and Idioms 'Bob's your uncle' It is added to the end of sentences to mean that something will be successful. 'Keep your pecker up' Remain cheerful - keep your head held high.  'Big girl's blouse' A weakling; an ineffectual person.  'Burning the Candle at Both Ends' Working for many hours without getting enough rest  'Eyes are bigger than your belly' Think you can eat more than you can 'My eyes were bigger than my belly, I couldn't eat every thing I had put on my plate'  'Sleep Tight' Have a good nights sleep  'Gordon Bennett' An exclamation of surprise 'Tie the Knot' Get Married  

Особенности и трудности литературного перевода.
  • Иностранные языки
Описание:

   В презентации рассказывается о трудностях перевода с английского языка на русский. Приводятся примеры литературных переводов разных авторов. Рассказывается о национальном колорите языка, переводе идеоматических выражений.

   Каждому из нас приходилось неоднократно сталкиваться с литературными переводами. Невозможно не согласиться с тем, что переводчики являются важными в жизни общества людьми. Без их помощи большая часть населения земного шара не смогла бы воспользоваться сокровищами мировой культуры. Далеко не каждый сможет прочесть на языке оригинала Шекспира, Хаяма, Данте, Гете. В литературе переводчики -  вторые авторы произведения. Но даже самое гениальное творение может потерять свою красоту и смысл из-за ошибок или просто бесталанного перевода.

    При чтении художественной литературы на языке оригинала и  на своем родном (особенно это касается поэзии) перед непосвященным человеком наверняка когда-то возникал вопрос : "Почему здесь все по-другому?"В первую очередь сложности литературного перевода объясняются высокой смысловой нагруженностью каждого слова художественного текста. Переводчику приходится не просто механически переводить текст, а воссоздавать каждую строчку заново.  

   Сложность литературного перевода также обуславливается различным “видением мира” - специфическими для английского и русского языков способами его осознания и отражения. Две европейские культуры - английская и русская достаточно близки, но имеющиеся различия отнюдь не упрощают задачу литературного перевода.

Автор Куденцова Ирина Владимировна
Дата добавления 18.11.2014
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Презентации
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Номер материала 2932
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