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Конспект урока " TRAVELLING" по программе 2 курса

Название документа ПУТЕШЕСТВИЕ (2).doc

Тема: Путешествие

Learn the words and word-combinations by heart.


Train

You must be at the railway stations at..?

From what station do we leave?

How can I get to the railway station?

When does the train leave?

Please, give me two tickets in the sleeping car to...

When does the train get to..?

Where is the dining - car?

May I smoke here?

Please, bring me a cup of tea.

Plane

How can I get to the airport?

Where is the Aeroflot office?

When does our flight number leave?

How long is the flight?

When does the plane get to..?

Please, give me a ticket on a plane, flight number...

When is the checking?

When is the plane get to..?

Here is my ticket & passport.

May I smoke here?

I am not well.

Please, bring me some water.

When are we to land?

Automobile

How do I get to..?

How many kilometer to..?

Am I on the right road for..?

Here are my documents on the car.

Where is the nearest filling station?

How much is ten liters of petrol?

I need 20 liters of petrol.

I want to wash my car.

Do you have motor oil and antifreeze?

Please, fill it up.

Where can I have this car fixed?

What do I owe you?

Ship

Where is the river (sea) part?

What is that part?

How do I get to…?

When does the ship sail for..?

How long is the voyage?

Where is the restaurant?

How can I get to the deck?

I am prone to sea sickness.

When do we get to..?

I need to send a radiogram.

A. SITUATIONS

1) Friends choose the route for a trip and a means of transport.

2) You get the information you need at the Inquiry Office.

3) You discuss with your mother (elder sister) the things to be taken along with you on a trip.

4) You arc seeing off your friend to another town and have a talk with him on a platform (on a pier, at the airport).

5) You meet your friend at the railway station {airport).

6) You book tickets at the booking-office.

7) You ask the porter to see to your luggage.

8) While on a train (a ship, a plane) you start a talk with your traveling companions.

9) It being the first lime you are on board a ship, you inquire of a sailor about the disposition of various services for passengers.

10) You apply to the stewardess (the porter, attendant, station master, etc.) for the information you need.

11) You discuss advantages or disadvantages of different means of transport.

12) You discuss the conveniences offered to the passengers and tourists.

13) You tell your friend of an incident which happened to you while traveling.

B. TOPICAL VOCABULARY

to travel - ехать, путешествовать

Не has traveled the whole world. - Он объездил весь мир.

to travel abroad - ехать за границу

to travel on business - ехать по делу, в командировку

to travel on (for) pleasure - ехать для развлечения

Are you a good sailor? - Вы хорошо переносите качку?

How do you take to flying? - Как вы переносите полеты?

When are we due? Когда по расписанию прибывает наш самолет (поезд и т. д.)?

travel - путешествие, поездка (продолжительная или непродолжительная на далекое или близкое расстояние с любом целью и на любом виде транспорта)

Let them have a rest, they are tired after their travel. — Пусть они отдохнут, они устали после поездки.

Syn. trip, tour, journey.

trip - непродолжительное путешествие (на любом виде транспорта, обычно на небольшое расстояние)

Let's take a trip to the country. - Давайте поедем за город.

Не is on a business trip. - Он в командировке.

Syn. travel, tour, journey

journey - поездка, путешествие (обычно сухопутное)

It is a day's journey from Moscow to Leningrad. - Поездка из Москвы в Ленинград занимает один день.

A pleasant journey to you! - Счастливого вам пути!

Syn. travel, tour, trip

tour - путешествие, поездка (по определенному маршруту, предусматривающая остановку в ряде мест и возвращение из место отправления)

Не made a tour of Europe. - Он совершил поездку по Европе.

Syn. travel, trip, journey

voyage - путешествие (по морю или реке)

We are planning to make a voyage up the Dniper. — Мы собираемся поехать пароходом вверх по Днепру.

Syn. cruise

cruise - морское путешествие

accommodation - место (в поезде, самолете и т. д.) и удобства, на которые оно дает право; билет.

It isn't easy to get accommodation on a ship in the holiday season. - Нелегко достать билеты на пароход во время отпусков.

railway accommodation - железнодорожный билет.

passage - переезд; проезд; рейс (морской или воздушный); поездка по морю

Have you booked your passage? - Вы уже взяли билеты (на пароход)?

route - маршрут, курс, путь, дорога

What biff stations are there on our route? - Какие крупные станции мы будем проезжать?

on route - по пути, по дороге, в пути

Arrival - прибытие, приезд

departure - отъезд

destination - место назначения

What's your destination? - Куда вы едете?

fare - плата за проезд

What's the fare from Pskov to Leningrad? - Сколько стоит билет от Пскова до Ленинграда?

extra fare - доплата

flight - полет, перелет, рейс

Transamerican Airlines announce the departure of Flight 12 for Rome. Авиакомпания "Трансамерикэн Эйрлайнс" объявляет об отлете самолета рейсом 12 на Рим.

non - stop flight - беспосадочный рейс

schedule - расписание, график

The ship arrives according to schedule. — Судно прибывает по расписанию.

on schedule - точно, во время

service

1) - обслуживание, система обслуживания; сообщение

Is there an air service to Tomsk? — С Томском есть воздушное сообщение?

bus service - автобусное сообщение

train service - железнодорожное сообщение

2) рейс, рейсовый самолет

There are three services a day. I'm going by the evening one. — Каждый день бывает три рейса. Я еду вечерним.

stop - over - остановка в пути (с правом использования того же билета)

ticket - билет

Two tickets for the 5.35 (train) to Glasgow, please. — Пожалуйста, два билета до Глазго на поезд, отходящий в 5.35.

return ticket - обратный билет

single ticket - билет в одну сторону

Syn. one - way ticket

through ticket - билет на проезд прямого сообщения, транзитный билет

1-st - class ticket - билет в мягком вагоне

2-nd - class ticket - билет в купированном вагоне

3-rd - class ticket - билет в жестком вагоне

to book a ticket - брать, заказывать, бронировать (билеты)

I booked my ticket three clays in advance. — Я заказал (взял) билет за три дня вперед.

to date a ticket - закомпостировать билет

We must have our tickets dated. - Мы должны закомпостировать билеты.

airport - аэропорт, аэродром

How does one get to the airport? - Как проехать к аэропорту?

Syn. aerodrome, airfield

booking - office - касса

The booking - office sells tickets 10 days in advance. - Касса продает билеты за 10 дней вперед.

cloak - room - камера хранения (ручного багажа)

Не left his luggage at the cloak - room. - Он оставил вещи в камере хранения. Syn. left - luggage office, check-room (A, E.)

cloakroom ticket - багажная квитанция

platform - платформа

How do I get to Platform Two? — Как пройти на вторую платформу?

port - порт, гавань

Syn. harbor ['hаbа]/ harbour ['hаbа]

Shall we stay long in this port? — Долго мы будем стоять в этом порту?

quay - причал, набережная

Which quay will the boat from Batumi arrive at? - К какому причалу прибивает пароход из Батуми?

Syn. pier - пирс; пристань

wharf - пристань; причал

station

1) станция, остановка

This train stops at every station. - Этот поезд останавливается на всех станциях.

2) вокзал

Syn. railway station

filling station - бензоколонка, заправочная станция (пункт)

Syn. petrol station, gas station (A. E.)

Information Bureau - справочное бюро

Syn. Inquiry Office [ig'kwaian ofis]

waiting - room - зал ожидания

announcer - диктор, информатор

Did the announcer call our flight? — Диктор объявил наш рейс?

guard - проводник

The guard will bring your bedding in a moment. - Сейчас проводник принесет вам постель.

Syn. (carriage) attendant

stewardess - стюардесса, бортпроводница; горничная (на пароходе)

passenger пассажир

fellow passenger - попутчик

porter - носильщик

Porter, will you see to my luggage? — Носильщик, не поднесете ли вы мой багаж?

traveler - пассажир, путешественник

traveling companion - попутчик, товарищ по туристской поездке

I'm always lucky to have good companions. — Мне всегда везет на хороших попутчиков.

(aero) plane - самолет

She boarded the plane at Irkutsk. — Она села на самолет в Иркутске.

Syn. aircraft

by plane - самолетом

I shall go there by plane. - Я полечу туда самолетом.

Syn. by air

boat - лодка, шлюпка; судно, пароход, теплоход

What boats go on this line? — Какие пароходы курсируют по этой линии?

When dues the next boat sail for Riga? — Когда идет следующий пароход в Ригу?

Syn. ship, steamer

river boat - речное судно

by boat - пароходом

We went to Batumi by boat. - Мы отправились в Батуми пароходом.

Syn. by sea ferry - паром

When does the ferry leave? - Когда отходит паром?

helicopter - вертолет

hovercraft - судно на воздушной подушке

hydrofoil - судно на подводных крыльях

ship - судно, пароход

Which ship did you come on? - Каким пароходом вы приехали?

Syn. boat, steamer

Motor-ship - теплоход

steamship - пароход

liner - лайнер, пассажирский пароход или самолет, совершающий

регулярные рейсы

jet liner - реактивный лайнер

ocean liner - океанский пароход (лайнер)

train - поезд

What train are you going by? - Каким поездом вы едете?

On what days do trains run to Vladivostok? - По каким дням поезда идут во Владивосток?

On what time is the train due in? - Когда приходит этот поезд?

electric trainэлектричка

express (train) - экспресс

fast train - скорый поезд

mail train - почтовый поезд

long-distance train - поезд дальнего следования

passenger train - пассажирский поезд

suburban - train пригородный поезд

through - train поезд прямого назначения

to catch the train - попасть па поезд

van - служебный вагон

luggage van - багажный вагон

mail van - почтовый вагон

compartment - купе

There were only two of us in the compartment. — Нac было всего двое в (четырехместном) купе.

rack - багажная полка, сетка для вещей (в железнодорожных вагонах)

seat - место

Find me a corner scat facing. - Найдите мне место у окна по ходу поезда.

The seat is taken (vacant). - Это место занято (свободно).

berth - спальное место, полка, койка (в поезде или каюте парохода)

The lower berths, if it's possible. — Пожалуйста, нижние места, если можно.

Syn. bunk

Put the bunk down (up), please. - Опустите (поднимите) полку, пожалуйста. cabin - каюта

Our cabin is on deck "A ". - Наша каюта на палубе "А".

state - room - отдельная каюта

carriage - вагон

Carriage ten, Compartment three, seats seven and eight. - Вагон десятый, третье купе, седьмое и восьмое место.

Syn. car (A. E.)

dining - car - вагон - ресторан

corridor carriage - купейный вагон

sleeping - car - спальный вагон

Syn. sleeper

soft - seated carriage - мягкий вагон

deck - палуба

It's very hot in the cabin, let's go on deck. - В каюте очень душно, пойдемте на палубу.

Gangway - трап

bag - маленький чемодан, сумка

basket - корзина

trunk - большой чемодан, дорожный сундук

The trunk won V hold any more. - В чемодан больше ничего не входит.

valise - саквояж (А. Е.)

The valise isn't very heavy. - Саквояж не очень тяжелый

luggage - багаж, вещи

I'd like to have my luggage registered. - Я бы хотел сдать вещи в багаж.

How many pieces of luggage have you got? — Сколько у вас мест (багажа)?

Syn. baggage (А. Е.)

rucksack - рюкзак, походный мешок

suitcase - небольшой (плоский) чемодан

Have you packed your suitcase (with clothes) ? - Вы уже уложили (вещи в) чемодан?

to board a plane (ship) - сесть или самолет (пароход)

to break one's journey (voyage) - делать остановку

Why not break our journey in Vladimir? — Почему бы не сделать остановку во Владимире?

to fasten one's safety - belts - пристегнуть ремни

At what altitude are we flying? - На какой высоте мы летим?

flying weather - летная погода

to get sea - sick (air-sick) - страдать морском (воздушной) болезнью

Do you get sea - sick? - Вас укачивает в море?

to hit an air pocket - попасть в воздушную яму

to miss- опаздывать па поезд

I'm afraid we're going to miss our train. — Боюсь, что мы уже опаздываем на поезд.

to see somebody off - провожать кого-либо

Will you see them off? - Вы будете их провожать?

to arrive - прибывать

When does the train arrive in Kharkov (at Petrovo) ? — Когда поезд прибывает в Харьков (в Петрово).

What platform does the train arrive at? — К какой платформе прибывает поезд?

to go via - ехать через, проезжать

Do we go via Kiev? - Мы едем через Киев?

Syn. to go by way of

to fly ( flew, flown ) - летел

to land - приземляться, садится (о самолете); высаживаться на берег

to get to


Text

TRAVELING

Millions of people all over the world spend their holidays traveling. They travel to see other countries and continents, modem cities and the ruins of ancient towns, they travel to enjoy picturesque places, or just for a change of scene. It is always interesting to discover new things, different ways of life, to meet different people, to try different food, to listen to different musical rhythms.

Those who live in the country like to go to a big city and spend their time visiting museums and art galleries, looking at shop windows and dining at exotic restaurants. City - dwellers usually like a quiet holiday by the sea or in the mountains, with nothing to do but walk and bathe and laze in the sun.

Most travelers and holiday - makers take a camera with them and take pictures of everything that interests them - the sights of a city, old churches and castles, views of mountains, lakes, valleys, plains, waterfalls, forests; different kinds of trees, flowers and plants, animals and birds.

Later, perhaps years later, they will be reminded by the photos of the happy tune they have had.

People travel by train, by plane, by boat and by car.

All means of travel have their advantages and disadvantages. And people choose one according to their plans and destinations.

If we are fond of traveling, we see and learn a lot of things that we can never see or learn at home, though we may read about them in books and newspapers, and see pictures of them on TV. The best way to study geography is to travel, and the best way to get to know and understand the people is to meet them in their own homes.

Vocabulary

ruins - руины, развалины

indent - древний

to enjoy - наслаждаться

picturesque - живописный

change of scene - перемена обстановки

to discover - открывать, обнаруживать

rhythm - ритм

art gallery - картинная галерея

exotic - экзотический

restaurant - ресторан

city - dweller - горожанин

to bathe - купаться

to laze in the sun - валяться на солнце

holiday - maker - отдыхающий, отпускник

camera - фотоаппарат

to take pictures of - фотографировать

sight - вид

church - церковь

castle - замок

view - вид

valley - долина

plain - равнина

waterfall - водопад

to remind - напоминать

photo - фотография

advantage - преимущество

disadvantage - недостаток

destination - место назначения, цель (путешествия, похода)


Questions

1. Are you fond of traveling?

2. Men have traveled ever since they first appeared on earth. Why do people travel?

3. Why do people take a camera with them? What do they usually photograph?

4. What do we see and learn while traveling?

5. How do different people spend their holidays?

6. What means of travel do you know? What are their advantages and disadvantages?

7. What places have you visited?

8. Have you ever taken a holiday cruise ([kru:iz] - круиз) along the Black Sea coast or down the Volga?

9. Some people prefer to travel on their own and hate traveling in a group. What about you?

10. What countries would you like to visit?

TRAVELLING

Do you like to travel?

Read some opinions about traveling.

I Jane

Traveling? I think traveling is great. For me it's the best way to spend holidays, to

have rest and to enjoy free time. That is why every time have a chance to go somewhere I do it without any hesitation.

I like everything connected with traveling: packing up the luggage, booking tickets for a plane or a train, doing hundreds of preparations.

Yes, I believe traveling is terrific: it is fun and a learning experience also, because while traveling I get to know a lot about the places I visit, meet new people and learn a lot about new cultures and traditions. Traveling helps me to get away from my daily routine, and have a good time while traveling. Isn't it fantastic?

every time I have a chance - когда мне выдается случай

without any hesitation - без колебаний

packing up the luggage, booking tickets - упаковывать багаж, заказывать билеты

terrific - классно

to get away from my daily routine - забывать о своих насущных проблемах


II Kate

Some people call me a "couch potato", because I don't like to travel. Why should I? Traveling is so troublesome. You have to think about booking tickets, packing all the necessary things, choosing the place to go and plan everything in advance - it's such a routine.

More than that, traveling is dangerous now-a-days. I've heard a lot about air-crashes, wrecked ships and many people killed in car accidents. Why should I get on risk?

People say that traveling is a good chance to see different places and to learn about other countries and cultures. But I can easily do it at home. There are many interesting educational programs on TV and there are a lot of books and magazines about various places. They give me much information about different countries and people. It is more comfortable and» less expensive.

III Nataly

Traveling? I think it's great! It's the best way to enjoy your free time. For me, traveling means rest first of all. And where can уоц spend your vacations better than abroad? New places, new people, new lifestyles. If you get tired of all you have - the best way to have rest is to go somewhere.

Are you sick and tired of your colleagues? - Go to the place where nobody can get at you. Are you fed up with your daily doldrums? - Go to the place where everything is absolutely different. I think, traveling is the best way to get rid of all the problems you face, all the troubles you have. It's your opportunity to have rest, to enjoy freedom and to be yourself. All you need is just relax, inhale fresh sea air, watch the yachts passing by, get acquainted with new people. I like it all. Sun, sea, fresh air, freedom - isn't it a paradise?

rest - отдых

get tired - устал

get at - достать

doldrums - однообразная работа

get rid of - избавиться от

inhale - вдыхать

yachts passing - яхты

paradise - рай

IV Steve

People travel for many reasons. Some - for rest, others - for sightseeing, still others -for status it involves. I am an interpreter, that's why I mostly travel for business with my college eagues and boss. Traveling is a part of my job. If my chief wants to go somewhere abroad he takes me with him, other wise there won't be any negotiations and meetings. I am the only person to help him to communicate with the foreigners.

I would say that I hate traveling. It takes too much time and effort. My relatives don's like it either. I have to leave them for months, because I've got some business trips. Some people say it's wonderful, but I don't think so. Of course, I have an opportunity to see new lands, to visit well-known historical places; but often I am too tired to go anywhere. Meetings, discussions, negotiations - all is too tiresome. You think about no think but rest. Rest and calmness are the only things, I long for.

What's more, while traveling you deal with a lot of strangers, and I don't like it very much. So, you see, traveling isn't for me, is it?

couch potato - домосед

troublesome - проблематично

Why should - чего ради

in advance - заранее

dangerous, now a days - опасно, в наши дни

air-crashes - авиа-катастрофы

wrecked ships - крушение судов

get on risk - рисковать

educational - образовательные

various - разнообразные

less expensive - менее дорого

deal with - имеете дело

strangers - незнакомые люди


Why do people travel?

V Irena

Well, I think that different people travel for different reasons. But the majority of them, I believe, travel to see countries, places they've heard a lot about. And I am one of them. Personally form, traveling is a wonderful opportunity to experience a different way of life. I travel to see new lands, people, new cultures. It's a good chance to learn a lot about foreign history, traditions and customs. I like to see how other people live, what they do, what they cat and what dresses they wear.

Traveling gives me a good opportunity to see with my own eyes the castles, parks, memorials and streets I've heard so much about.

Wise people say: "One eyewitness is better than two hear - so's " and I completely agree with them. It's fantastic to find myself in the center of Trafalgar Square, or to see Paris from the top of the Eiffel Tower, or to walk along Broadway? I think it's superb.


majority - большинство

wonderful opportunity to experience - прекрасная возможность познать

customs - обычаи

wear - носят

memorials - памятники

One eyewitness is better than two hear so 's - лучше один раз увидеть, чем сто раз услышать

superb

sightseeing - посмотреть достопримечательности

status it involves - по работе

interpreter - переводчик

boss - начальник

chief— шеф

other wise there - иначе

negotiations - переговоры

communicate with - общаться с

takes too much lime and effort - требуют много времени и усилий

have to - мне приходится

business trips -. деловые поездки

tiresome - утомительно

calmness - спокойствие

long for – страстно



Название документа Раззработка урока. Путешествие..doc

TRAVELLING


VOCABULARY
1. Read. Translate. Learn.

You must be at the railway station at 5 o’clock.

……………………………………………………………………………………….

From what station do we leave?

……………………………………………………………………………………….

How can I get to the railway station?

……………………………………………………………………………………….

When does the train leave?

……………………………………………………………………………………….

Where is the dining- car?

……………………………………………………………………………………….

May I smoke here?

……………………………………………………………………………………….

Please, bring me a cup of tea.

……………………………………………………………………………………….

How can I get to the airport?

……………………………………………………………………………………….

When does our flight number leave?

……………………………………………………………………………………….

How long is the flight?

……………………………………………………………………………………….

When does the plane get to?

……………………………………………………………………………………….

Please, give me a ticket on a plane, flight number 154.

………………………………………………………………………………………

When is the checking?

………………………………………………………………………………………

When is the plane get to Moscow?

………………………………………………………………………………………

I am not well.

……………………………………………………………………………………….

When are we to land?

……………………………………………………………………………………….

How do I get to Kiev?

……………………………………………………………………………………….

How many kilometers to Rome?

……………………………………………………………………………………….

Am I on the right road for…?

……………………………………………………………………………………….

Where is the nearest filling station?

……………………………………………………………………………………….

How much is one liter of petrol?

……………………………………………………………………………………….

I want to wash my car.

……………………………………………………………………………………….

Do you have motor oil and antifreeze?

……………………………………………………………………………………….

Please, fill it up.

……………………………………………………………………………………….

Where can I have this car fixed?

……………………………………………………………………………………….

What do I owe you?

……………………………………………………………………………………….

What is that port?

……………………………………………………………………………………….

When does the ship sail for…?

…………………………………………………………………………………….....

How long is the voyage?

……………………………………………………………………………………….

Where is the restaurant?

……………………………………………………………………………………….

How do I get to the deck?

……………………………………………………………………………………….

I am prone to seasickness.

……………………………………………………………………………………….

I need to send a radiogram.

……………………………………………………………………………………….


2. Give the equivalent to the following.


1. Место (в поезде, самолете и т.д.) и удобства, на которые оно дает прав; билет. А..........…………………………

2. Каюта. С………………………………..

3. Морское путешествие. V………………………………..

4. Место назначения. D………………………………..

5. Поездка, путешествие (сухопутное). J………………………………...

6. Плата за проезд. F………………………………..

7. Путешествие, поездка (продолжительная или не продолжительная) Т……...

8. Путешествие (по морю или реке). V………………………………...

9. Железнодорожный вид транспорта. Т………………………………...

10. Судно на подводных крыльях. Н………………………………..

11. Служебный вагон. V………………………………...

12. Вещи, багаж. L………………………………..

13. Маленький чемодан. B………………………………..

14. Небольшой (плоский) чемодан. S………………………………..

15. Дорожный сундук, большой чемодан. T………………………………..

16. Саквояж . V……………………………….

17. Спальное место, полка, койка. B……………………………….

18. Багажная полка, сетка для вещей (в ж/д вагонах). R………………………..

19. Море. S………………………...

20. Рейс, полет, перелет. F………………………...

21. Отъезд. D………………………..


T

R

A

S

U

I

T

C

E

D

D

U

X

C

C

R

U

A

P

A

I

N

K

J

A

O

I

S

I

R

S

T

Z

O

B

V

M

E

T

U

T

I

F

U

I

O

M

A

S

R

R

N

A

R

N

Y

O

T

Y

E

A

V

T

E

E

A

G

D

A

C

V

E

I

H

Y

D

E

X

T

A

A

L

O

N

B

R

O

F

I

R

X

I

S

E

A

G

E

O

O

V

F

L

I

Z

G

G

U

I

N

A

B

E

G

H

T

X

L

L

U

X


3. Look at recommendations, which we give a person who is going abroad for the first time. Translate.


Luggage. Avoid packing too much luggage in order to carry around too many things you will never use. Only take what is really essential. Make a list of every you pack so that you can check your things every time you re-pack on the journey.

Travel information. Read a good travel book so as to find out the most interesting places to visit, best way to travel.

Local customs. Find out as much as you can about the local customs of the country you intend to visit so as not to offend people there. For example, in Moslem countries is important to remove your shoes before you enter a mosque.

Language. Learn some basic language so that you can communicate with the people of the country you are going to visit. Try to learn expressions like: “Hello”, “Goodbye”, “Yes”, “No”, “Please”, “Thank you”, “You're welcome”, “ I’d like” and “have you got?”

Health. Take along a basic medical kit in case you become ill. Include in it essential medicines such as antibiotics, pain killers and something for insect bites and stomach complaints. Remember also to take also a supple of bandages and plasters.


4. Answer the following questions.

Have you ever traveled by plane?................................................………..………….

……………………………………………………………………………………….

When did you travel by plane last?.............................................................................

……………………………………………………………………………………….

Where did you fly?......................................................................................................

……………………………………………………………………………………….

How much time before the plane took off did you come to the airport?.....................

……………………………………………………………………………………….

What did you do when your flight was called?...........................................................

……………………………………………………………………………………….

How long did it take you to reach your destination?...................................................

……………………………………………………………………………………….

Did you have a comfortable journey?.........................................................................

……………………………………………………………………………………….

Which papers should a traveler have when going abroad?........................................

……………………………………………………………………………………….

What do you think the flying time from Moscow to London?....................................

……………………………………………………………………………………….

Are the meals served on board the plane?...................................................................

……………………………………………………………………………………….

Have you ever traveled by sea?..................................................................................

……………………………………………………………………………………….

Was it pleasure cruise?................................................................................................

……………………………………………………………………………………….

Was it a liner or a small boat?.....................................................................................

……………………………………………………………………………………….

Was the sea calm or rough?.........................................................................................

……………………………………………………………………………………….

Were you sea-sick or did you feel well?......................................................................

……………………………………………………………………………………….

Did you enjoy the voyage?..........................................................................................

……………………………………………………………………………………….

If you were to travel anywhere again, would you travel by air or by sea?..................

……………………………………………………………………………………….



5. Answer the following questions.


1. Are you fond of traveling?

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


2. Men have traveled ever since they first appeared on earth. Why do people travel?

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


3. Why do people take a camera with them? What do they usually photograph?

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


4. How do different people spend their holidays?

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


5. What do we see and learn while traveling?

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


6. What means of travel do you know? What are their advantages and disadvantages?

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


7. What interesting places have you visited?

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

8. What countries would you like to visit?

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


6. Complete the sentences.

From what ……………….. do we leave?

How can I get to the ..............................?

Please, bring me a cup of ………. ………..?

How long is the ……………..?

Please, give me a ………….. on a plane …………….. number 154.

When is the ……………………..?

When are we to ……………………….?

How much is one liter of ………………………?

Here are my documents on the ……………………?

Please, ………………. it up.

Where can I have this car ……………….?

What do I ………………. You?

Where is the ……………… or ……………… port?

When does the ………………. sail for Sochi?

I am prone to sea …………………


7. Read the text, translate and answer the questions.

The word holiday means holy day. But not all public holidays are connected with religious celebrations. About 40% of the population does not go away for their holidays.

In the 18th century the British upper class started the fashion for seaside holidays. In the 20th century the working class got such an opportunity too. And soon it became popular all over the world.

Foreign tourism has become extremely popular these days. Millions of people spend their holidays away from home. Most foreign holidays are package holidays. You book transport and accommodation and pay for everything in advance (through a travel agent). Spain is a very popular package-holiday place today.


Choose the right answer.


1. Holiday means…………………

a) Good day

b) Holy day

c) Busy day

2. About 40% of the population ……………………. for holidays.

a) Go away

b) Don’t go away

c) Stay

3. When does the British upper class start the fashion for seaside holidays?

a) In the 20th century

b) In the 19th century

c) In the 18th century

4. When does the working class get an opportunity to go for holiday?

a) In the 19th century

b) In the 20th century

c) Never go for holiday

5. What has become extremely popular these days?

a) Native people

b) Country people

c) Foreign tourism


8. What’s the English for…


Путешествие _______________________________________________________

Каникулы _________________________________________________________

Билет _____________________________________________________________

Багаж _____________________________________________________________

Транспорт _________________________________________________________

Пассажир _________________________________________________________

Станция ___________________________________________________________

Аэропорт __________________________________________________________

Ж/д вокзал ________________________________________________________

Порт______________________________________________________________

Поезд____________________________________________________________

Самолет _________________________________________________________

Корабль ___________________________________________________________

Каюта ____________________________________________________________

Вагон _____________________________________________________________

Расписание ________________________________________________________

Купить билет ______________________________________________________

Касса _____________________________________________________________

Справочное бюро ___________________________________________________

Зал ожидания ______________________________________________________

Попутчик _________________________________________________________

Скорый поезд ______________________________________________________

Спальный вагон ____________________________________________________

Вагон – ресторан ___________________________________________________

Ехать за границу ___________________________________________________

Ехать в командировку _______________________________________________

Опаздывать на поезд ________________________________________________

Провожать какого-либо _____________________________________________

Пристегнуть ремни _________________________________________________

Страдать морской болезнью _________________________________________

Страдать воздушной болезнью _______________________________________


9. Text. Read and translate.


AVOID TRAVELLING HOW TO

What is the aim of all this traveling?

Each nationality has its own different one. The Americans want to take photographs of themselves in different places. The idea is simply to collect documentary proof that they have been there. The German travels to check up on his guide- books. Why do the English travel? First, because their neighbor does. Secondly, they were taught that travel broadens the mind. But lastly – and perhaps mainly – they travel to avoid foreigners. I know many English people who travel in groups, stay in hotels where even the staff is English, eat roast beef and Yorkshire pudding on Sunday and steak-and-kidney pies on weekdays, all over Europe. The main aim of the Englishman abroad is to meet people, I mean, of course, nice English people from next door or from the next street. It is possible, however, that the mania for traveling is coming to an end. A Roman friend of mine told me:

I no longer travel at all. I stay here because I want to meet me friends from all over the world”.


______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



GRAMMAR EXERCISES


10. Use may or must to fill the spaces in the following sentences. Pay attention to the Russian equivalents of the modal verbs.


1. It …………… rain, take your raincoat.

2. He ……………. be on the next train. Let’s wait a little.

3. I ……………. see John tomorrow morning.

4. She …………….. be at the University. She is having her exam.

5. Our parents ………………. be at the theatre now as it is 8 o’clock.

6. Go to this lecture, you …………… learn something interesting.

7. I have got five lottery tickets. I ………….. win something.

8. You ……………. be right, but I can not do it.


11. Arrange the following groups of words into sentences.


1. to, my little sister, do not give, cold, water

__________________________________________________________________


2. my son, pictures, is showing, to, his grandmother

__________________________________________________________________


3. books, English, please, bring, some, me, for

__________________________________________________________________


4. it, give, us, to

__________________________________________________________________


5. article, is translating, he, this, for, me

__________________________________________________________________


6. letter, do not send, to, him, this

__________________________________________________________________


7. friends, them, I, am, introducing, to, my

8. new, a, children, for, they, are, building, pioneer, camp



12. Insert articles where necessary.


A) 1. He is ……. father already. 2. They are ……. or plans. 3. This man is ……. distant relative of mine. 4. This woman is ……. window. 5. They are ……. husband and wife. 6. They are ……. brother and sister. 7. What is your cousin’s profession? – My cousin is…surgeon by…profession.

B) 1. I am going to explain ……. new rule to you. 2. What is ……. English for town? ……. English for town is city. 3. Write down ……. word in ……. singular and in plural. 4. We are studying ……. English. It is not easy to learn …….foreign language. 5. “Grammar is ……. art of speaking, reading and writing ……. English language correctly”. 6. “Orthography is ……. art of spelling. Syntax is …….. art of ……..proper construction of ……sentence ………”.

C) 1. Open ……….book at ………page 20, please. 2. ………pupils are doing ………exercise 15. 3. Will you read ……….paragraph 3, please? 4. Will you write ……….sentence 2, please? 5. They are in ……..room 6.


13. Insert it is or there is.


1. ………fine today. 2. ……….no telephone in this flat. 3. ……….an underground station not far from my house. 4. ……….nearly 10 o’clock. 5. ……….a pity that you can not come with me. 6. ………late. We must hurry. 7. ……….time to go to bed. 8. ………..a light in the kitchen. 9. ………..not true to say that she is a close friend of mine. 10. …………far from here. Let’s take a taxi.


14. Make the following sentences interrogative and negative.


1. There are two beds in the room.

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

2. There is a built in wardrobe in the room.

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

3. The radio is standing on the table.

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

4. There is a carpet on the floor.

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

5. There are taps for cold and hot water in the bathroom.

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

6. We can easy make our hotel cozy.

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

7. There are many people in the garden.

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


15. Rules of using the pronouns.

Somebodyhello_html_410497aa.gif кто-то

Someone кто-нибудь


Something – что-то, что-нибудь, кое-что

Somewhere – где-то, где-нибудь, куда-то, куда-нибудь


Somebody 1. В вопросительных предложениях – кто-то, кто-нибудь

Someone 2. В отрицательных предложениях, т.е. в сочетании с not - никто

3. В утвердительных предложениях – любой, что-то, что- ни будь


Anything 1. В вопросительных предложениях – что-либо, что-то, что-нибудь

2. В отрицательных предложениях, т.е. в сочетании с not - ничего

3. В утвердительных предложениях – что угодно


Anywhere 1. В вопросительных предложениях – где-либо, куда-либо, где-нибудь, куда-нибудь

2. В отрицательных предложениях, т.е. в сочетании с not – нигде, никуда

3. В утвердительных предложениях – где угодно, куда угодно, всюду



16. Read and translate the following.


1. Is there anybody in the kitchen?

__________________________________________________________________

2. There is not anybody in the dining room.

__________________________________________________________________

3. Anyone can answer this question.

__________________________________________________________________

4. Is there anything on the stove?

__________________________________________________________________

5. There is not anything on the shelf.

__________________________________________________________________

6. You may take anything you like.

__________________________________________________________________



17. Read the sentences using the necessary forms.

A) something, anything, everything, nothing

1. There is ………………black on the floor. 2. Do not tell her …………….about me. 3. I can see …………….there, it is so far. 4. ……………...

is all right. You may go home.


B) somebody, anybody, nobody, everybody

1. …………….is waiting for you, Mother. 2. Is there ……………….in the room? – No, there is not ……………in the room. 3. I can see …………….there. 4. Is …………….absent today? – No, ……………..is present.


18. Insert some, any, no.


1. Are there ………letters for me? – No, there aren’t ………….letters for you. There are ……….letters in the letter-box.

2. I have got …………interesting books to read.

3. There aren’t ………..magazine here.

4. There isn’t …………..butter on the table. Take ………..fresh butter from the fridge.

5. I have got …………..time to speak to now. I am very busy.

6. I am interesting in ……………..information you can give me on this question.

7. May I have ………………water, please?


19. Insert what, which or who.

1……….subjects does he do? 2. ……….subject do you like best? 3. ………letter is missing in this word? 4. ……….of these books is yours? 5. ………..is your favorite English written? 6. …………do you like to drink in the morning: tea or coffee? 7. ………….rule is not clear to you? 8. ……………..is your telephone number? 9. ………….foreign languages do you know? 10. …………….language can you speak well?




Название документа путешествие.doc

ГЕРМАНИЯhello_html_42cc69a5.jpg

Welcome to Germany! The land of gothic architecture and ideal order. You can travel by train, bus or car from any European country.

Germany is situated in central Europe. Germany is a highly developed industrial country, in which one of the best world cars is Mercedes designed. Berlin is the capital of Germany and biggest city. It is its largest political, scientific, cultural and industrial centre. Alexander Platz is in the center of Berlin. Branderburger Tor is the symbol of freedom for Germans.

The largest cities are: Dresden, Hanover, Leipzig and others. One can hardly find a park, a square or an open area in Germany without a monument or a memorial. The largest zoo is situated in Leipzig. There you meet animals and birds from all countries: tigers, white bears, lions, monkeys, bald eagles and parrots.

If you like comfortable rest we invite you to Germany!



Великобритания.hello_html_41dc4694.jpg

The United Kingdom of Great Britain is situated on the British Isles. The Thames is the deepest river.

London is the capital of Great Britain, its political, economic and commercial centre. London is one of the oldest and most interesting cities in the world. The heart of London is the City, its financial and business centre. Numerous banks, offices and firms are situated there. There are some famous ancient buildings within the City: St Paul's Cathedral, the greatest of English churches, the Tower of London, Westminster’s Abbey. Nearly all English kings and queens have been crowned here. Across the road from Westminster Abbey is Westminster Palace, or the Houses of Parliament, the seat of the British Parliament. The Clock Tower of the Houses of Parlia­ment is known as "Big Ben". On the Trafalgar Square the Englishmen celebrate holidays with participation of Royal guards.

A double-decker red bus is the main kind of public transport. Trip by this bus is a dream of every tourist.

The most popular sport in Great Britain is golf.

Welcome to Great Britain


Америка.hello_html_m5d1bc338.jpg

Welcome to America! The United States of America is the fourth largest country in the world. The population of the country is about 250 million. Washington is the capital of the United States of America. It was named in honor of George Washington, the first president of America.

The statue of Liberty is the symbol of Americans.

Manhattan is an island in the center of New York. It is the centre of American finance, advertising, art theatre, publishing, fashion - and much more. New York attracts people from all over. New York was always a city of immigrants. On streets you can watch policemen of different divisions.

But the native people of America are Indians. The second symbol of Americans is the national flag. You can see it on buildings, ships, and even on the Moon.


Таиланд.hello_html_m7790c759.jpg

Thailand is the country of picturesque nature and warm climate. The whole year in Thailand is the summer; here you can see tropical trees and flowers, exotic fruits. In the country there are a lot of artificial lakes, pools, fountains. Thailand is the country with centuries-old culture. The main religion in the country is Buddhism. You can see the statues of Buddha in streets and facades of buildings. In Thailand is the international tourism developed. Many resorts are based here. People from all countries of the world come here. Traditional meal of the native population – rice, national dishes you can try in any cafe, bistro or restaurant.

Россия.hello_html_m77349072.jpg

The Russian Federation is the largest country in the world. There are over two million rivers in Russia. Europe's biggest river, the Volga, flows into the Caspian Sea. There is hardly a country in-the world where such a variety of scenery and vegetation can be found.

Moscow is the capital of Russia, its political, economic, commercial and cultural centre. It was founded 8 centuries ago by Prince Yuri Dolgoruky. Now Moscow is one of the largest cities in Europe.

Moscow is one of the most beautiful cities in the world. The heart of Moscow is Red -Square. The main Kremlin tower, the Spasskaya Tower, has become the symbol of the coun­try. On the territory of the Kremlin you can see old cathedrals, the Bell Tower of Ivan the Great, the Palace of Congresses, the Tzar-Cannon and the Tsar-Bell, the biggest cannon and bell in the world. St Basil's Cathedral was built in the mid-16th century in memory of the victory over Kazan.

There are many parks, squares, where you can hear happy children votes.

Modern multi-storied buildings neighbor with ancient constructions in the streets of Russia.


Австралия.hello_html_m1bb30e2e.jpg

Australia is the smallest continent in the world and situated in the southern hemisphere. That is why it has summer when we have winter and it has winter when we have summer. It is interesting to know that January is the hottest month in Australia.

Australia is situated south of Asia, between the Pacific and Indian Oceans. Australians love their wildlife.

Australia best-known animals and birds are kangaroo, koala, crocodile, e parrot and kookaburra. There are 50 species of kangaroo and 55 of parrots. The Koala is the best loved of all Australian animals.

The main cities of Australia are Canberra, the capital of Australia, Brisbane, Sydney and Melbourne. Sydney Opera House is one of the greatest examples of 20th century architecture.

Australia is the driest continent. Huge areas are uninhabited, and you can see there spiders and snakes.

Белокуриха.hello_html_4d1fd06e.jpg

Discover Altai for yourself!

Fascinating tours in any corner of Altai wait for you...

Belockurikha is the most beautiful town of Altai. The modern style of buildings is bound with national motives. There you can see building of restaurant "Filibuster" in the form of frigate.

Belockurikha is beautiful not only in summer, but also in winter. The white snow will give you feeling of rest from urban vanity.

You’d be happy to stay of town, camping, hiking, fishing and canoeing...

Somewhere out of the way... You don’t enjoy crowds...

We invite you to Belockurikha, the town of curative air and water. You will enjoy sincere hospitality of Altai residents and modern comfort.

Dhello_html_315c4b6a.jpgon’t miss the chance!


Бийск.

Welcome to Biysk, one of the biggest cities of Altai. It is situated on the river Biya and was named after the river. More than 247 thousand people live in our town. It was founded in 1709 by the order of Peter the Great.

Biysk is an old town. One of the most interesting places in Biysk is the old part called Centre. There are many old beautiful buildings. Drama theatre, city library, the building of old supermarket and many other buildings are famous for their architecture.

If you are interested in history, you should visit our museum. There are many interesting collections here.

In the centre of town you can see a beautiful Uspenskaya church. The church is famous for its icons and architecture.

In summer our town is very green and beautiful. If you want to have a rest you can go to the bank of the river Biya.

There are a lot of monuments in Biysk.



Горный Алтай.

hello_html_1b6e51f3.jpg

Altai...

Everything is good there: people, towns and nature...

Altai is situated in the centre of Asia. The territory of Altai is occupied by mountains. Their height is over 3-4 thousand meters. The highest peak Belukha is 4506m.

There are many whitewater rivers in Altai. One of them is Katun. The second by full-flowing is the river Biya. There are about 7.000 lakes here. The greatest of them – Teletskoye – is called as Altai sea. On the rivers of Altai there are a lot of waterfalls. The highest waterfall Tekelu is on the river of the same name.

Fauna is notable for its unique variety. Animals and birds typical for steppes and semi deserts: camel, marmot, steppe lark, griffon neighbor here with usual representatives of taiga forests as brown bear, elk, wolves, wood-grouse and other.

The symbol of Altai is bear. It is a hero of all festivals and fairy tales.


Конспект урока " TRAVELLING" по программе 2 курса
  • Иностранные языки
Описание:

С развитием культурных и экономических связей между странами возрастает роль  изучения иностранных языков. Однако специалисты отличают недостаточный уровень владения иностранными языками выпускниками школ. В связи с этим возникает необходимость воспитывать учащихся, способных выступать в качестве субъектов диалога культур. В последнее время в научной литературе уделяется внимание понятию «лингвокультурологическая компетентность» и «лингво-культурологическая компетенция».
        Конспект занятия по программе 2 курса по розговорной теме. Каждое упражнение расчитано на разноуровневое выполнение, с применением разных навыков и умений. Обучаемые должны применить весь изученный материал на занятиях и применить в МК для остаточного контроля знаний и умений.

Автор ИСПИРЯН АРМЕНУГИ ЛЕВАЕВНА
Дата добавления 19.12.2014
Раздел Иностранные языки
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